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Dietary Ethanol‐lnduced Modifications in Hyperlipoproteinemia and Atherosclerosis in Nonhuman Primates (Macaca nemestrina)

Dietary Ethanol‐lnduced Modifications in Hyperlipoproteinemia and Atherosclerosis in... MaleMacaca nemestrina were studied In an experiment with a 2 × 2 factorial design. Diets contained low vs high cholesterol levels (0.3 vs 1.0 mg/Kcal) and no ethanol or ethanol, as 36% of the calories substituted isocalorically for carbohydrate. After receiving their diets for 18 months, the monkeys had blood samples drawn for lipoproteln analyses, and then were killed for evaluation of the extent of atherosclerosis. Ethanolfed groups had significantly Increased concentrations of serum cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoproteln, and high density lipoprotein. The molecular weight of the low density lipoprotein particles was lower In ethanol-fed animals and the cholesterol esters of low density lipoproteln and high density lipoprotein contained relatively more cholesteryl linoleate and less cholesteryl oleate. Dietary cholesterol had the effect of increasing the concentration of low density lipoprotein (primarily via increasing the low density lipoprotein molecular weight) and decreasing the concentration of high density lipoproteln. Significant Interactions were found between the effects of ethanol and cholesterol on high density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein. Ethanol significantly decreased the cholesterol-Induced atherosclerosis found in the aorta and coronary arteries. Highly significant correlations between coronary artery atherosclerosis and low density lipoproteln molecular weight, Inverse high density lipoproteln concentration, and low density lipoprotein cholesterol ester pattern were found. In contrast, low density lipoproteln molar concentration (number of low density lipoproteln particles per liter of plasma) was not significantly correlated with coronary artery atherosclerosis. Different relationships with aortic atherosclerosis were found; low density lipoproteln molecular weight and cholesterol ester pattern were highly correlated, while high density lipoproteln concentration was not. The high correlations found between lipoproteln characteristics and atherosclerosis severity suggest that the effect of ethanol in reducing the development of atherosclerosis may have been mediated through Its effects on the plasma llpoprotelns. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Arteriosclerosis Wolters Kluwer Health

Dietary Ethanol‐lnduced Modifications in Hyperlipoproteinemia and Atherosclerosis in Nonhuman Primates (Macaca nemestrina)

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Copyright
© 1981 by American Heart Association, Inc.
ISSN
1079-5642

Abstract

MaleMacaca nemestrina were studied In an experiment with a 2 × 2 factorial design. Diets contained low vs high cholesterol levels (0.3 vs 1.0 mg/Kcal) and no ethanol or ethanol, as 36% of the calories substituted isocalorically for carbohydrate. After receiving their diets for 18 months, the monkeys had blood samples drawn for lipoproteln analyses, and then were killed for evaluation of the extent of atherosclerosis. Ethanolfed groups had significantly Increased concentrations of serum cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoproteln, and high density lipoprotein. The molecular weight of the low density lipoprotein particles was lower In ethanol-fed animals and the cholesterol esters of low density lipoproteln and high density lipoprotein contained relatively more cholesteryl linoleate and less cholesteryl oleate. Dietary cholesterol had the effect of increasing the concentration of low density lipoprotein (primarily via increasing the low density lipoprotein molecular weight) and decreasing the concentration of high density lipoproteln. Significant Interactions were found between the effects of ethanol and cholesterol on high density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein. Ethanol significantly decreased the cholesterol-Induced atherosclerosis found in the aorta and coronary arteries. Highly significant correlations between coronary artery atherosclerosis and low density lipoproteln molecular weight, Inverse high density lipoproteln concentration, and low density lipoprotein cholesterol ester pattern were found. In contrast, low density lipoproteln molar concentration (number of low density lipoproteln particles per liter of plasma) was not significantly correlated with coronary artery atherosclerosis. Different relationships with aortic atherosclerosis were found; low density lipoproteln molecular weight and cholesterol ester pattern were highly correlated, while high density lipoproteln concentration was not. The high correlations found between lipoproteln characteristics and atherosclerosis severity suggest that the effect of ethanol in reducing the development of atherosclerosis may have been mediated through Its effects on the plasma llpoprotelns.

Journal

ArteriosclerosisWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Mar 1, 1981

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