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Diagnostic Value of TROP2 Expression in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma

Diagnostic Value of TROP2 Expression in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) represents the most common primary malignant thyroid lesion in all age groups. As diagnosis of PTC could be challenging in some cases and borderline nuclear features could be seen in some benign mimickers, several immunohistochemical markers are proposed to be helpful for making the correct diagnosis. In this study the authors investigated the diagnostic value of transmembrane glycoprotein (TROP2) for differentiating PTC from other thyroid follicular lesions. A total of 155 total thyroidectomy specimens including 84 cases of PTC and 71 cases of non-PTC were investigated. Among non-PTC group, 45 cases were follicular neoplasms and 26 cases were Hashimoto thyroiditis. TROP2 expression was observed in 82 of 84 cases of PTC group. In contrast only 5 cases of non-PTC group, all from Hashimoto thyroiditis specimens, showed positive expression. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of TROP2 for diagnosis of PTC was 98%, 93%, 94%, and 97%, respectively. The authors concluded that high sensitivity and specificity of TROP2 as well as its uniform negative reaction in follicular adenoma and carcinoma makes it a valuable immunohistochemical marker for diagnosis of PTC. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology Wolters Kluwer Health

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Publisher
Wolters Kluwer Health
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN
1541-2016
DOI
10.1097/pai.0000000000000886
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) represents the most common primary malignant thyroid lesion in all age groups. As diagnosis of PTC could be challenging in some cases and borderline nuclear features could be seen in some benign mimickers, several immunohistochemical markers are proposed to be helpful for making the correct diagnosis. In this study the authors investigated the diagnostic value of transmembrane glycoprotein (TROP2) for differentiating PTC from other thyroid follicular lesions. A total of 155 total thyroidectomy specimens including 84 cases of PTC and 71 cases of non-PTC were investigated. Among non-PTC group, 45 cases were follicular neoplasms and 26 cases were Hashimoto thyroiditis. TROP2 expression was observed in 82 of 84 cases of PTC group. In contrast only 5 cases of non-PTC group, all from Hashimoto thyroiditis specimens, showed positive expression. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of TROP2 for diagnosis of PTC was 98%, 93%, 94%, and 97%, respectively. The authors concluded that high sensitivity and specificity of TROP2 as well as its uniform negative reaction in follicular adenoma and carcinoma makes it a valuable immunohistochemical marker for diagnosis of PTC.

Journal

Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular MorphologyWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Mar 1, 2021

References