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Balance and Physical Functioning in Patients After Head and Neck Cancer Post–Neck Dissection Surgery: A Case Series

Balance and Physical Functioning in Patients After Head and Neck Cancer Post–Neck Dissection... Background and Purpose: Rehabilitation research in people with head and neck cancer undergoing neck dissection (ND) surgery has been largely confined to evaluation of shoulder dysfunction. Balance and broader physical functioning variables were evaluated in this patient group. Case Description: This case series presents 4 patients scheduled for ND surgery who completed a comprehensive battery of balance and physical functioning assessments preoperatively and 6 weeks postoperatively. Outcomes: Post-ND surgery, the majority (n = 3) of patients reported increased upper-quadrant pain, with proprioception and neck range-of-motion measurements showing a decreasing trend. One patient had no neck pain or changes in proprioception. The changes for standing balance and endurance varied across the patients, with no observable trend. Discussion: Quality of life, physical activity, and a number of physical functioning measures, including proprioception and physical activity, were lower after ND surgery. This case series identifies the adverse effects of ND surgery performed prior to the start of adjuvant therapy, with many deficits noted potentially amenable to therapeutic intervention. The clinical implication of this study is that physical therapists should assess physical functioning variables after ND surgery and intervene early if deficits are noted. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Rehabilitation Oncology Wolters Kluwer Health

Balance and Physical Functioning in Patients After Head and Neck Cancer Post–Neck Dissection Surgery: A Case Series

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Publisher
Wolters Kluwer Health
Copyright
© 2020 Academy of Oncologic Physical Therapy, APTA.
ISSN
2168-3808
eISSN
2381-2427
DOI
10.1097/01.REO.0000000000000240
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Rehabilitation research in people with head and neck cancer undergoing neck dissection (ND) surgery has been largely confined to evaluation of shoulder dysfunction. Balance and broader physical functioning variables were evaluated in this patient group. Case Description: This case series presents 4 patients scheduled for ND surgery who completed a comprehensive battery of balance and physical functioning assessments preoperatively and 6 weeks postoperatively. Outcomes: Post-ND surgery, the majority (n = 3) of patients reported increased upper-quadrant pain, with proprioception and neck range-of-motion measurements showing a decreasing trend. One patient had no neck pain or changes in proprioception. The changes for standing balance and endurance varied across the patients, with no observable trend. Discussion: Quality of life, physical activity, and a number of physical functioning measures, including proprioception and physical activity, were lower after ND surgery. This case series identifies the adverse effects of ND surgery performed prior to the start of adjuvant therapy, with many deficits noted potentially amenable to therapeutic intervention. The clinical implication of this study is that physical therapists should assess physical functioning variables after ND surgery and intervene early if deficits are noted.

Journal

Rehabilitation OncologyWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Jan 22, 2021

References