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Wet Agriculture in the Lowlands: Maize Marceña

Wet Agriculture in the Lowlands: Maize Marceña Wetlands are global biodiversity hotspots and cover at least 6% of the Earth's surface (Junk et al., 2013); however, a realistic estimate is that 50% of wetlands have been lost worldwide (Verhoeven and Setter, 2010). In Mexico, wetlands in the states of Veracruz, Tabasco, and Campeche are recognized among the most outstanding systems of their kind (Olmsted, 1993; Mitsch and Hernandez, 2013). Wetlands are transitional fringes between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, characterized by the saturation of soil and either temporary or permanent flooding, a condition that favors the development of aquatic vegetation (Neiff et al., 1994; Blumenfeld et al., 2009; Ramsar Convention Secretariat, 2013). Wetland productivity is sustained by the sediments and nutrients deposited when rivers overflow; in addition, the population of different cultures depends on wetlands (Ramsar Convention Secretariat, 2013; Evers et al., 2017; Sabo et al., 2017). Although wetlands are one of the most productive ecosystems, their importance in the carbon cycle and other environmental services has not been considered in regional development (Neiff et al., 1994; Blumenfeld et al., 2009; Ramsar Convention Secretariat, 2013; Evers et al., 2017).In Tabasco, “popal” herbaceous wetlands are one of the remaining agricultural frontiers (West et al., 1969; Olmsted, 1993; Mitsch http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png "Agrosystems, Geosciences & Environment" Wiley

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© American Society of Agronomy
eISSN
2639-6696
DOI
10.2134/age2018.10.0055
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Wetlands are global biodiversity hotspots and cover at least 6% of the Earth's surface (Junk et al., 2013); however, a realistic estimate is that 50% of wetlands have been lost worldwide (Verhoeven and Setter, 2010). In Mexico, wetlands in the states of Veracruz, Tabasco, and Campeche are recognized among the most outstanding systems of their kind (Olmsted, 1993; Mitsch and Hernandez, 2013). Wetlands are transitional fringes between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, characterized by the saturation of soil and either temporary or permanent flooding, a condition that favors the development of aquatic vegetation (Neiff et al., 1994; Blumenfeld et al., 2009; Ramsar Convention Secretariat, 2013). Wetland productivity is sustained by the sediments and nutrients deposited when rivers overflow; in addition, the population of different cultures depends on wetlands (Ramsar Convention Secretariat, 2013; Evers et al., 2017; Sabo et al., 2017). Although wetlands are one of the most productive ecosystems, their importance in the carbon cycle and other environmental services has not been considered in regional development (Neiff et al., 1994; Blumenfeld et al., 2009; Ramsar Convention Secretariat, 2013; Evers et al., 2017).In Tabasco, “popal” herbaceous wetlands are one of the remaining agricultural frontiers (West et al., 1969; Olmsted, 1993; Mitsch

Journal

"Agrosystems, Geosciences & Environment"Wiley

Published: Jan 1, 2019

References