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Triggering Zn2+ Unsaturated Hydration Structure via Hydrated Salt Electrolyte for High Voltage and Cycling Stable Rechargeable Aqueous Zn Battery

Triggering Zn2+ Unsaturated Hydration Structure via Hydrated Salt Electrolyte for High Voltage... Ocean‐like free water in conventional aqueous electrolytes limits operating voltage and induces parasitic reactions in rechargeable Zn metal batteries (AZMBs). Herein, a hydrated salt electrolyte (HSE), which suppresses the presence of free water and triggers an unsaturated hydration structure (Zn(H2O)n2+, n < 6), is proposed to circumvent the parasitic reactions occurring on the zinc anode and cathode and elevate the decomposition voltage (to ≈2.55 V vs Zn2+/Zn). In a full cell with a transition metal oxide cathode, the parasitic reactions of dissolution and diffusion of discharge products are inhibited, and high discharge capacity retention above 80% at 500 mA g‐1 and super‐stable Coulombic efficiency (average value ≈99.97%) are delivered. Moreover, when applied in a high‐voltage AZMB with zinc hexacyanoferrate cathode, the full cell yields an average output voltage above 1.8 V together with a 132.3 Wh kg‐1 energy density at 10 mA g‐1 and 1.78 V output voltage combining high energy density and power density (88.5 Wh kg‐1/106.2 W kg‐1). The exceptional electrochemical performance of HSE indicates rosy prospects for the prevention of parasitic reactions in AZMBs, a key step on the road to further commercialization of AZMBs. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Advanced Energy Materials Wiley

Triggering Zn2+ Unsaturated Hydration Structure via Hydrated Salt Electrolyte for High Voltage and Cycling Stable Rechargeable Aqueous Zn Battery

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2022 Wiley‐VCH GmbH
ISSN
1614-6832
eISSN
1614-6840
DOI
10.1002/aenm.202201599
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Ocean‐like free water in conventional aqueous electrolytes limits operating voltage and induces parasitic reactions in rechargeable Zn metal batteries (AZMBs). Herein, a hydrated salt electrolyte (HSE), which suppresses the presence of free water and triggers an unsaturated hydration structure (Zn(H2O)n2+, n < 6), is proposed to circumvent the parasitic reactions occurring on the zinc anode and cathode and elevate the decomposition voltage (to ≈2.55 V vs Zn2+/Zn). In a full cell with a transition metal oxide cathode, the parasitic reactions of dissolution and diffusion of discharge products are inhibited, and high discharge capacity retention above 80% at 500 mA g‐1 and super‐stable Coulombic efficiency (average value ≈99.97%) are delivered. Moreover, when applied in a high‐voltage AZMB with zinc hexacyanoferrate cathode, the full cell yields an average output voltage above 1.8 V together with a 132.3 Wh kg‐1 energy density at 10 mA g‐1 and 1.78 V output voltage combining high energy density and power density (88.5 Wh kg‐1/106.2 W kg‐1). The exceptional electrochemical performance of HSE indicates rosy prospects for the prevention of parasitic reactions in AZMBs, a key step on the road to further commercialization of AZMBs.

Journal

Advanced Energy MaterialsWiley

Published: Aug 1, 2022

Keywords: high voltages; hydrated salt electrolytes; hydration structure; parasitic reactions; zinc anodes

References