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The relationship between autism spectrum and sleep–wake traits

The relationship between autism spectrum and sleep–wake traits Autistic children and adults often have sleep disturbances, which may affect their and their family's quality of life. Yet, the relationship between sleep–wake patterns and autism spectrum traits is understudied. Identifying such relationships could lead to future research elucidating common mechanistic underpinnings. Thus, we aimed to determine whether sleep–wake patterns, specifically related to sleep, physical activity, and the daily sleep–wake rhythm (i.e., circadian rhythm), are associated with autism spectrum‐related traits. Accelerometer‐derived sleep–wake parameters were estimated in individuals with autistic spectrum traits and their family members (N = 267). We evaluated autism spectrum traits using the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) to assess the presence and severity of social impairment and the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) to assess executive function. The linear multivariate regression analysis (using SOLAR‐Eclipse) showed that in adults, increased core autism spectrum traits and executive dysfunction were associated with disruption of several sleep–wake parameters, particularly related to the daily sleep–wake rhythm, and that executive dysfunction was associated with disrupted sleep quality and level of physical activity. We highlight the interplay between daytime function and disrupted sleep–wake patterns, specifically related to the daily sleep–wake rhythm, that could guide future research into common mechanisms. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Autism Research Wiley

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2022 International Society for Autism Research, Wiley Periodicals LLC.
ISSN
1939-3792
eISSN
1939-3806
DOI
10.1002/aur.2660
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Autistic children and adults often have sleep disturbances, which may affect their and their family's quality of life. Yet, the relationship between sleep–wake patterns and autism spectrum traits is understudied. Identifying such relationships could lead to future research elucidating common mechanistic underpinnings. Thus, we aimed to determine whether sleep–wake patterns, specifically related to sleep, physical activity, and the daily sleep–wake rhythm (i.e., circadian rhythm), are associated with autism spectrum‐related traits. Accelerometer‐derived sleep–wake parameters were estimated in individuals with autistic spectrum traits and their family members (N = 267). We evaluated autism spectrum traits using the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) to assess the presence and severity of social impairment and the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) to assess executive function. The linear multivariate regression analysis (using SOLAR‐Eclipse) showed that in adults, increased core autism spectrum traits and executive dysfunction were associated with disruption of several sleep–wake parameters, particularly related to the daily sleep–wake rhythm, and that executive dysfunction was associated with disrupted sleep quality and level of physical activity. We highlight the interplay between daytime function and disrupted sleep–wake patterns, specifically related to the daily sleep–wake rhythm, that could guide future research into common mechanisms.

Journal

Autism ResearchWiley

Published: Apr 1, 2022

Keywords: adults; autism spectrum disorder; children; executive function; sleep

References