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Single‐Atom to Single‐Atom Grafting of Pt1 onto FeN4 Center: Pt1@FeNC Multifunctional Electrocatalyst with Significantly Enhanced Properties

Single‐Atom to Single‐Atom Grafting of Pt1 onto FeN4 Center: Pt1@FeNC Multifunctional... Nonprecious metal catalysts (NPMCs) FeNC are promising alternatives to noble metal Pt as the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalysts for proton‐exchange‐membrane fuel cells. Herein, a new modulation strategy is reported to the active moiety FeN4 via a precise “single‐atom to single‐atom” grafting of a Pt atom onto the Fe center through a bridging oxygen molecule, creating a new active moiety of Pt1O2Fe1N4. The modulated FeNC exhibits remarkably improved ORR stabilities in acidic media. Moreover, it shows unexpectedly high catalytic activities toward oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), with overpotentials of 310 mV for OER in alkaline solution and 60 mV for HER in acidic media at a current density of 10 mA cm−2, outperforming the benchmark RuO2 and comparable with Pt/C(20%), respectively. The enhanced multifunctional electrocatalytic properties are associated with the newly constructed active moiety Pt1O2Fe1N4, which protects Fe sites from harmful species. Density functional theory calculations reveal the synergy in the new active moiety, which promotes the proton adsorption and reduction kinetics. In addition, the grafted Pt1O2 dangling bonds may boost the OER activity. This study paves a new way to improve and extend NPMCs electrocatalytic properties through a precisely single‐atom to single‐atom grafting strategy. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Advanced Energy Materials Wiley

Single‐Atom to Single‐Atom Grafting of Pt1 onto FeN4 Center: Pt1@FeNC Multifunctional Electrocatalyst with Significantly Enhanced Properties

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References (50)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2018 WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
ISSN
1614-6832
eISSN
1614-6840
DOI
10.1002/aenm.201701345
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Nonprecious metal catalysts (NPMCs) FeNC are promising alternatives to noble metal Pt as the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalysts for proton‐exchange‐membrane fuel cells. Herein, a new modulation strategy is reported to the active moiety FeN4 via a precise “single‐atom to single‐atom” grafting of a Pt atom onto the Fe center through a bridging oxygen molecule, creating a new active moiety of Pt1O2Fe1N4. The modulated FeNC exhibits remarkably improved ORR stabilities in acidic media. Moreover, it shows unexpectedly high catalytic activities toward oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), with overpotentials of 310 mV for OER in alkaline solution and 60 mV for HER in acidic media at a current density of 10 mA cm−2, outperforming the benchmark RuO2 and comparable with Pt/C(20%), respectively. The enhanced multifunctional electrocatalytic properties are associated with the newly constructed active moiety Pt1O2Fe1N4, which protects Fe sites from harmful species. Density functional theory calculations reveal the synergy in the new active moiety, which promotes the proton adsorption and reduction kinetics. In addition, the grafted Pt1O2 dangling bonds may boost the OER activity. This study paves a new way to improve and extend NPMCs electrocatalytic properties through a precisely single‐atom to single‐atom grafting strategy.

Journal

Advanced Energy MaterialsWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

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