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Lay Abstract

Lay Abstract Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders Kate Johnston, Antonia Dittner, Jessica Bramham, Clodagh Murphy, Anya Knight, and Ailsa Russell LAY ABSTRACT Features of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been found in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). To date, there has been a lack of research examining attention in adults with ASD. In the first study, adults with ASD completed self‐report questionnaires that measure symptoms of ADHD. We compared their scores with those of adults with ADHD and a healthy control group. In the second study, adults with a diagnosis of ASD were compared with a matched group of adults with ADHD across a range of measures of attention. Study 1 showed that 36.7% of adults with ASD met formal diagnostic criteria for ADHD. The ASD group differed from the ADHD and control groups on the total and individual symptoms reported. In study 2, adults with ASD and ADHD showed comparable performance on tests of selective attention. Significant group differences were seen on measures of attentional switching; adults with ADHD were significantly faster and more inaccurate, and individuals with Asperger's syndrome showed a significantly slower and more accurate response style. Self‐reported rates http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Autism Research Wiley

Lay Abstract

Autism Research , Volume 6 (4) – Aug 1, 2013

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
1939-3792
eISSN
1939-3806
DOI
10.1002/aur.1325
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders Kate Johnston, Antonia Dittner, Jessica Bramham, Clodagh Murphy, Anya Knight, and Ailsa Russell LAY ABSTRACT Features of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been found in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). To date, there has been a lack of research examining attention in adults with ASD. In the first study, adults with ASD completed self‐report questionnaires that measure symptoms of ADHD. We compared their scores with those of adults with ADHD and a healthy control group. In the second study, adults with a diagnosis of ASD were compared with a matched group of adults with ADHD across a range of measures of attention. Study 1 showed that 36.7% of adults with ASD met formal diagnostic criteria for ADHD. The ASD group differed from the ADHD and control groups on the total and individual symptoms reported. In study 2, adults with ASD and ADHD showed comparable performance on tests of selective attention. Significant group differences were seen on measures of attentional switching; adults with ADHD were significantly faster and more inaccurate, and individuals with Asperger's syndrome showed a significantly slower and more accurate response style. Self‐reported rates

Journal

Autism ResearchWiley

Published: Aug 1, 2013

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