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In Situ Urbanization in Rural China: Case Studies from Fujian Province

In Situ Urbanization in Rural China: Case Studies from Fujian Province In most parts of the developing world, the urbanization process has been dominated by rural–urban migration and the growth of existing cities. However, case‐studies in China’s Fujian Province suggest that this process can also be achieved mainly by in situ transformation in rural areas. Such in situ transformation of rural areas has been driven mainly by two forces, the development of township and village enterprises (TVEs) and the inflow of foreign investment; and facilitated by the relevant policies adopted by the Chinese government since 1978. The former has been very effective in the transformation of rural employment structure, while the latter has brought many physical changes to the previously rural landscape. Being mutually complementary, these two ways of rural transformation have not only benefited and urbanized the rural areas, but kept many farmers in their hometowns, replacing the dominant role of rural–urban migration and the growth of existing cities in the urbanization process. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Development and Change Wiley

In Situ Urbanization in Rural China: Case Studies from Fujian Province

Development and Change , Volume 31 (2) – Mar 1, 2000

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References (8)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Institute of Social Studies 2000
ISSN
0012-155X
eISSN
1467-7660
DOI
10.1111/1467-7660.00160
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In most parts of the developing world, the urbanization process has been dominated by rural–urban migration and the growth of existing cities. However, case‐studies in China’s Fujian Province suggest that this process can also be achieved mainly by in situ transformation in rural areas. Such in situ transformation of rural areas has been driven mainly by two forces, the development of township and village enterprises (TVEs) and the inflow of foreign investment; and facilitated by the relevant policies adopted by the Chinese government since 1978. The former has been very effective in the transformation of rural employment structure, while the latter has brought many physical changes to the previously rural landscape. Being mutually complementary, these two ways of rural transformation have not only benefited and urbanized the rural areas, but kept many farmers in their hometowns, replacing the dominant role of rural–urban migration and the growth of existing cities in the urbanization process.

Journal

Development and ChangeWiley

Published: Mar 1, 2000

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