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Eliminating Lightning‐Rod Effect of Lithium Anodes via Sine‐Wave Analogous MXene Layers

Eliminating Lightning‐Rod Effect of Lithium Anodes via Sine‐Wave Analogous MXene Layers Lithium metal anodes are regarded as the most promising candidate for rechargeable lithium‐based batteries, but uncontrollable Li dendrites hinder further applications. Here, sine‐wave analogous MXene (Ti3C2Tx) (SWA‐MXene) layers are produced by spreading aqueous MXene dispersion onto the sectional surface of a metallic coil and subsequently drying at room temperature. COMSOL Multiphysics simulations demonstrate that the low curvature in SWA‐MXene layers homogenizes the distributions of lithium ions and electric field, efficiently eliminating the lightning‐rod effect on the surface of aligned electrodes in the process of Li deposition. As a result, the flexible SWA‐MXene layers show a low overpotential for lithium nucleation (≈13.5 mV at 0.05 mA cm−2) and deep plating–stripping capacities up to 40 mAh cm−2, as well as a long cycle life up to 1250 h. Full cells consisting of a SWA‐MXene–Li anode and a LiFePO4 cathode also exhibit a durable cycle life up to 420 cycles at 1088 mA g−1. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Advanced Energy Materials Wiley

Eliminating Lightning‐Rod Effect of Lithium Anodes via Sine‐Wave Analogous MXene Layers

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2022 Wiley‐VCH GmbH
ISSN
1614-6832
eISSN
1614-6840
DOI
10.1002/aenm.202201181
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Lithium metal anodes are regarded as the most promising candidate for rechargeable lithium‐based batteries, but uncontrollable Li dendrites hinder further applications. Here, sine‐wave analogous MXene (Ti3C2Tx) (SWA‐MXene) layers are produced by spreading aqueous MXene dispersion onto the sectional surface of a metallic coil and subsequently drying at room temperature. COMSOL Multiphysics simulations demonstrate that the low curvature in SWA‐MXene layers homogenizes the distributions of lithium ions and electric field, efficiently eliminating the lightning‐rod effect on the surface of aligned electrodes in the process of Li deposition. As a result, the flexible SWA‐MXene layers show a low overpotential for lithium nucleation (≈13.5 mV at 0.05 mA cm−2) and deep plating–stripping capacities up to 40 mAh cm−2, as well as a long cycle life up to 1250 h. Full cells consisting of a SWA‐MXene–Li anode and a LiFePO4 cathode also exhibit a durable cycle life up to 420 cycles at 1088 mA g−1.

Journal

Advanced Energy MaterialsWiley

Published: Sep 1, 2022

Keywords: dendrites; lightning‐rod effect; lithium anodes; MXenes; sine‐wave

References