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Staying for Benefits: The Effect of a Health and Family Planning Program on Out-Migration Patterns in Bangladesh

Staying for Benefits: The Effect of a Health and Family Planning Program on Out-Migration... Staying for Benefits The Effect of a Health and Family Planning Program on Out-Migration Patterns in Bangladesh Tania Barham Randall Kuhn abstract There is concern that benefit programs may alter out-migration patterns. We exploit the quasi-random placement of a health and family planning program in Bangladesh to examine changes in out-migration patterns. Using individual-level migration data from 1979­91, we find that the flow of out-migration was approximately 15 percent lower for women and men in the treatment versus comparison area. We find comparable changes in outmigrant stock, showing that effects persisted even after allowing for return migration. Our findings suggest that benefit programs can lead to longer run changes in population, with consequences for program evaluation design and economic development. Barham and Kuhn I. Introduction Migration flows are generally thought to be essential to the efficiency of national economies, and there is concern that government programs or development aid could alter the flow by changing the relative income between areas. In particular, there has been a long debate in the United States on the extent of welfare-induced Tania Barham is an associate professor of economics and Institute of Behavioral Science faculty at the University of Colorado Boulder. Randall http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Human Resources University of Wisconsin Press

Staying for Benefits: The Effect of a Health and Family Planning Program on Out-Migration Patterns in Bangladesh

Journal of Human Resources , Volume 49 (4) – Nov 5, 2014

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Publisher
University of Wisconsin Press
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©by the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System
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1548-8004
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Abstract

Staying for Benefits The Effect of a Health and Family Planning Program on Out-Migration Patterns in Bangladesh Tania Barham Randall Kuhn abstract There is concern that benefit programs may alter out-migration patterns. We exploit the quasi-random placement of a health and family planning program in Bangladesh to examine changes in out-migration patterns. Using individual-level migration data from 1979­91, we find that the flow of out-migration was approximately 15 percent lower for women and men in the treatment versus comparison area. We find comparable changes in outmigrant stock, showing that effects persisted even after allowing for return migration. Our findings suggest that benefit programs can lead to longer run changes in population, with consequences for program evaluation design and economic development. Barham and Kuhn I. Introduction Migration flows are generally thought to be essential to the efficiency of national economies, and there is concern that government programs or development aid could alter the flow by changing the relative income between areas. In particular, there has been a long debate in the United States on the extent of welfare-induced Tania Barham is an associate professor of economics and Institute of Behavioral Science faculty at the University of Colorado Boulder. Randall

Journal

Journal of Human ResourcesUniversity of Wisconsin Press

Published: Nov 5, 2014

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