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Kindergarten Entrance Age and Children's Achievement: Impacts of State Policies, Family Background, and Peers

Kindergarten Entrance Age and Children's Achievement: Impacts of State Policies, Family... We present evidence that the positive relationship between kindergarten entrance age and school achievement primarily reflects skill accumulation prior to kindergarten, rather than a heightened ability to learn in school among older children. The association between achievement test scores and entrance age appears during the first months of kindergarten, declines sharply in subsequent years, and is especially pronounced among children from upper-income families, a group likely to have accumulated the most skills prior to school entry. Finally, having older classmates boosts a child's test scores but increases the probability of grade repetition and diagnoses of learning disabilities such as ADHD. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Human Resources University of Wisconsin Press

Kindergarten Entrance Age and Children's Achievement: Impacts of State Policies, Family Background, and Peers

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Publisher
University of Wisconsin Press
ISSN
1548-8004

Abstract

We present evidence that the positive relationship between kindergarten entrance age and school achievement primarily reflects skill accumulation prior to kindergarten, rather than a heightened ability to learn in school among older children. The association between achievement test scores and entrance age appears during the first months of kindergarten, declines sharply in subsequent years, and is especially pronounced among children from upper-income families, a group likely to have accumulated the most skills prior to school entry. Finally, having older classmates boosts a child's test scores but increases the probability of grade repetition and diagnoses of learning disabilities such as ADHD.

Journal

Journal of Human ResourcesUniversity of Wisconsin Press

Published: Apr 4, 2012

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