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Democracy and Demography: Societal Effects of Fertility Limits on Local Leaders

Democracy and Demography: Societal Effects of Fertility Limits on Local Leaders <p>ABSTRACT:</p><p>We investigate whether restricting elected leadership positions to candidates with “ desirable” characteristics leads to the society-wide adoption of those characteristics in a democracy with high political participation. Exploiting quasi-experimental variation in fertility limits imposed on village council members in India to curb population growth, we find that rural couples significantly decreased fertility in response, and child survival improved. However, the limits also increased the already male-biased sex ratio at birth in castes with strong son preference.</p> http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Human Resources University of Wisconsin Press

Democracy and Demography: Societal Effects of Fertility Limits on Local Leaders

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Publisher
University of Wisconsin Press
Copyright
©by the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System
ISSN
1548-8004

Abstract

<p>ABSTRACT:</p><p>We investigate whether restricting elected leadership positions to candidates with “ desirable” characteristics leads to the society-wide adoption of those characteristics in a democracy with high political participation. Exploiting quasi-experimental variation in fertility limits imposed on village council members in India to curb population growth, we find that rural couples significantly decreased fertility in response, and child survival improved. However, the limits also increased the already male-biased sex ratio at birth in castes with strong son preference.</p>

Journal

Journal of Human ResourcesUniversity of Wisconsin Press

Published: Jan 14, 2019

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