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Word retrieval failure episodes after traumatic brain injury

Word retrieval failure episodes after traumatic brain injury Background/Aims: The purpose of this investigation was to examine patterns of episodes of word retrieval failure in a group of adults who suffered traumatic brain injury (TBI). The Test of Adolescent/Adult Word Finding (German, 1990) was administered to 20 adults who experienced TBI as the result of motor vehicle accident. The tool provides extensive naming opportunities, varied naming tasks, and frequency of occurrence of stimulus items does not change throughout each task. Methods & Procedures: Episodes of word retrieval failures were investigated relative to the occurrence of 1, 2, 3, and 4‐plus consecutive word retrieval failures on the TAWF for participants who exhibited a word retrieval deficit (standard score below 85). Fourteen of the 20 participants had standard scores below this normal range. These participants were classified according to the three patterns (Fleeting, Clustered, Extended) developed by Hough (2007) regarding episodes of word retrieval failure. Main Contribution/Conclusions: Results revealed that most TBI participants who demonstrated a word retrieval deficit displayed primarily a Fleeting pattern (10) relative to word retrieval failure. A few participants exhibited an Extended retrieval pattern (4). Pattern of retrieval failure appeared to be related to severity of word retrieval deficit. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aphasiology Taylor & Francis

Word retrieval failure episodes after traumatic brain injury

Aphasiology , Volume 22 (6): 11 – Jun 1, 2008
11 pages

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References (41)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
Copyright Psychology Press, an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an Informa business
ISSN
1464-5041
eISSN
0268-7038
DOI
10.1080/02687030701541024
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background/Aims: The purpose of this investigation was to examine patterns of episodes of word retrieval failure in a group of adults who suffered traumatic brain injury (TBI). The Test of Adolescent/Adult Word Finding (German, 1990) was administered to 20 adults who experienced TBI as the result of motor vehicle accident. The tool provides extensive naming opportunities, varied naming tasks, and frequency of occurrence of stimulus items does not change throughout each task. Methods & Procedures: Episodes of word retrieval failures were investigated relative to the occurrence of 1, 2, 3, and 4‐plus consecutive word retrieval failures on the TAWF for participants who exhibited a word retrieval deficit (standard score below 85). Fourteen of the 20 participants had standard scores below this normal range. These participants were classified according to the three patterns (Fleeting, Clustered, Extended) developed by Hough (2007) regarding episodes of word retrieval failure. Main Contribution/Conclusions: Results revealed that most TBI participants who demonstrated a word retrieval deficit displayed primarily a Fleeting pattern (10) relative to word retrieval failure. A few participants exhibited an Extended retrieval pattern (4). Pattern of retrieval failure appeared to be related to severity of word retrieval deficit.

Journal

AphasiologyTaylor & Francis

Published: Jun 1, 2008

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