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Welfare as Warfare: The Role of Modern Architecture during the Colombian Dictatorship

Welfare as Warfare: The Role of Modern Architecture during the Colombian Dictatorship Abstract This study draws on the findings of a cultural analysis of the state architecture built in the mid-twentieth century in Colombia and promoted by the former dictatorship of Gustavo Rojas Pinilla. It questions the rationale underlying the infrastructure developed in Bogotá by situating it within the international politics of Latin America during the Cold War. I find that the massive transformation of the built environment during the Rojas regime remains a shadowy and elusive subject, but this does not mean that the regime did not have an agenda for the built environment. Architectural objects were material embodiments of the paradigms of the Modern Movement under the discourse of the welfare state, yet they conveyed the purpose of warfare. Most of these buildings have been largely neglected by canonical studies and communities, despite that they shaped the urban development of the country, and most remain in regular use. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Architecture and Culture Taylor & Francis

Welfare as Warfare: The Role of Modern Architecture during the Colombian Dictatorship

Architecture and Culture , Volume 10 (1): 21 – Jan 2, 2022

Welfare as Warfare: The Role of Modern Architecture during the Colombian Dictatorship

Architecture and Culture , Volume 10 (1): 21 – Jan 2, 2022

Abstract

Abstract This study draws on the findings of a cultural analysis of the state architecture built in the mid-twentieth century in Colombia and promoted by the former dictatorship of Gustavo Rojas Pinilla. It questions the rationale underlying the infrastructure developed in Bogotá by situating it within the international politics of Latin America during the Cold War. I find that the massive transformation of the built environment during the Rojas regime remains a shadowy and elusive subject, but this does not mean that the regime did not have an agenda for the built environment. Architectural objects were material embodiments of the paradigms of the Modern Movement under the discourse of the welfare state, yet they conveyed the purpose of warfare. Most of these buildings have been largely neglected by canonical studies and communities, despite that they shaped the urban development of the country, and most remain in regular use.

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References (57)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 2022 Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ISSN
2050-7836
eISSN
2050-7828
DOI
10.1080/20507828.2021.2019382
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract This study draws on the findings of a cultural analysis of the state architecture built in the mid-twentieth century in Colombia and promoted by the former dictatorship of Gustavo Rojas Pinilla. It questions the rationale underlying the infrastructure developed in Bogotá by situating it within the international politics of Latin America during the Cold War. I find that the massive transformation of the built environment during the Rojas regime remains a shadowy and elusive subject, but this does not mean that the regime did not have an agenda for the built environment. Architectural objects were material embodiments of the paradigms of the Modern Movement under the discourse of the welfare state, yet they conveyed the purpose of warfare. Most of these buildings have been largely neglected by canonical studies and communities, despite that they shaped the urban development of the country, and most remain in regular use.

Journal

Architecture and CultureTaylor & Francis

Published: Jan 2, 2022

Keywords: Colombia; modern architecture; agency; power; dictatorship; welfare, Latin America

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