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The clinical utility of the Beck Depression Inventory after traumatic brain injury

The clinical utility of the Beck Depression Inventory after traumatic brain injury Primary objective : To examine the psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to determine the relative endorsement of somatic-performance and cognitive-affective items in this group. Research design : Prospective 2 year follow up assessment. Methods : 117 patients discharged from an inpatient TBI rehabilitation service completed the BDI as part of a 24 month follow up assessment. Demographic and injury related data were obtained from patient files and significant others. Main outcomes : A principal components analysis revealed three factors describing affective and performance items, negative attitudes towards oneself and somatic disturbance. The reliability estimate was high (coefficient &#102 = 0.92). A dependent sample t -test revealed higher endorsement of the cognitive-affective subscale with more clients classified as at least moderately depressed using the cognitive-affective rather than the total BDI score. Conclusion : This study provides preliminary evidence suggesting that the BDI may be an effective screening tool for self reported depression in TBI. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Brain Injury Taylor & Francis

The clinical utility of the Beck Depression Inventory after traumatic brain injury

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References (25)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 2001 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted
ISSN
1362-301X
eISSN
0269-9052
DOI
10.1080/02699050110074187
pmid
11712948
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Primary objective : To examine the psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to determine the relative endorsement of somatic-performance and cognitive-affective items in this group. Research design : Prospective 2 year follow up assessment. Methods : 117 patients discharged from an inpatient TBI rehabilitation service completed the BDI as part of a 24 month follow up assessment. Demographic and injury related data were obtained from patient files and significant others. Main outcomes : A principal components analysis revealed three factors describing affective and performance items, negative attitudes towards oneself and somatic disturbance. The reliability estimate was high (coefficient &#102 = 0.92). A dependent sample t -test revealed higher endorsement of the cognitive-affective subscale with more clients classified as at least moderately depressed using the cognitive-affective rather than the total BDI score. Conclusion : This study provides preliminary evidence suggesting that the BDI may be an effective screening tool for self reported depression in TBI.

Journal

Brain InjuryTaylor & Francis

Published: Jan 1, 2001

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