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Profiling early outcomes during the transition from hospital to home after brain injury

Profiling early outcomes during the transition from hospital to home after brain injury Primary objective: To profile early outcomes during the transition from hospital to home for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI) and their family caregivers.Research design: Prospective longitudinal study with data collected at three time points: pre-discharge and 1- and 3-months post-discharge.Methods and procedures: Participants included 26 individuals with ABI and 26 family caregivers, who were assessed on measures of global functioning, psychosocial reintegration, health-related quality-of-life and emotional well-being. Changes in outcomes over time and group comparisons were examined using repeated measures ANOVAs with relevant post-hoc analyses.Results: Participants typically demonstrated improved global functioning and psychosocial reintegration during the transition period, with closer alignment of perspectives (i.e. comparisons between self-ratings of participants with ABI and ratings of family caregivers) at 3-months post-discharge on the occupational activities and living skills domains. Additionally, levels of depression and stress reported by participants with ABI were observed to increase over time.Conclusions: Collectively, the results highlight the critical nature of the transition phase for psychosocial reintegration and emotional adjustment and support the need for holistic approaches to transition-specific interventions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Brain Injury Taylor & Francis

Profiling early outcomes during the transition from hospital to home after brain injury

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References (39)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 2009 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted
ISSN
1362-301X
eISSN
0269-9052
DOI
10.1080/02699050802635257
pmid
19172450
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Primary objective: To profile early outcomes during the transition from hospital to home for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI) and their family caregivers.Research design: Prospective longitudinal study with data collected at three time points: pre-discharge and 1- and 3-months post-discharge.Methods and procedures: Participants included 26 individuals with ABI and 26 family caregivers, who were assessed on measures of global functioning, psychosocial reintegration, health-related quality-of-life and emotional well-being. Changes in outcomes over time and group comparisons were examined using repeated measures ANOVAs with relevant post-hoc analyses.Results: Participants typically demonstrated improved global functioning and psychosocial reintegration during the transition period, with closer alignment of perspectives (i.e. comparisons between self-ratings of participants with ABI and ratings of family caregivers) at 3-months post-discharge on the occupational activities and living skills domains. Additionally, levels of depression and stress reported by participants with ABI were observed to increase over time.Conclusions: Collectively, the results highlight the critical nature of the transition phase for psychosocial reintegration and emotional adjustment and support the need for holistic approaches to transition-specific interventions.

Journal

Brain InjuryTaylor & Francis

Published: Jan 1, 2009

Keywords: Acquired brain injury; transition

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