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Prediction of community integration and vocational outcome 2-5 years after traumatic brain injury rehabilitation in Australia

Prediction of community integration and vocational outcome 2-5 years after traumatic brain injury... Objectives : To predict community integration and vocational outcomes 2-5 years after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design : Multivariate correlational design incorporating retrospective data collection and questionnaire follow-up. Methods : Four hundred and forty six patients admitted to a Head Injury Unit between 1991 and 1995 were contacted. Data on predictor variables (demographic, injury severity and functional) were retrieved from hospital records. Community integration and vocational outcome was assessed by self-administered questionnaire. Two hundred and nine patients/carers completed and returned the questionnaires. Mean follow-up was 3.5 years. Data were analysed by descriptive statistics, multiple regression and discriminant analysis using SPSS. Results : Community integration was predicted by age, disability level and cognition. Length of PTA, cognition, disability levels, GCS, functional status, length of acute stay and prior occupation discriminated those who returned to work. A total of 46.5% returned to work with 74.5% in the same or similar jobs. Conclusion : Long term outcomes post-TBI can be predicted by demographic, injury severity and functional status variables. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Brain Injury Taylor & Francis

Prediction of community integration and vocational outcome 2-5 years after traumatic brain injury rehabilitation in Australia

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References (28)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 1999 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted
ISSN
1362-301X
eISSN
0269-9052
DOI
10.1080/026990599121476
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objectives : To predict community integration and vocational outcomes 2-5 years after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design : Multivariate correlational design incorporating retrospective data collection and questionnaire follow-up. Methods : Four hundred and forty six patients admitted to a Head Injury Unit between 1991 and 1995 were contacted. Data on predictor variables (demographic, injury severity and functional) were retrieved from hospital records. Community integration and vocational outcome was assessed by self-administered questionnaire. Two hundred and nine patients/carers completed and returned the questionnaires. Mean follow-up was 3.5 years. Data were analysed by descriptive statistics, multiple regression and discriminant analysis using SPSS. Results : Community integration was predicted by age, disability level and cognition. Length of PTA, cognition, disability levels, GCS, functional status, length of acute stay and prior occupation discriminated those who returned to work. A total of 46.5% returned to work with 74.5% in the same or similar jobs. Conclusion : Long term outcomes post-TBI can be predicted by demographic, injury severity and functional status variables.

Journal

Brain InjuryTaylor & Francis

Published: Jan 1, 1999

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