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Impact of age, VR, immersion, and spatial resolution on classifier performance for a MI-based BCI

Impact of age, VR, immersion, and spatial resolution on classifier performance for a MI-based BCI There are many factors outlined in the signal processing pipeline that impact brain–computer interface (BCI) performance, but some methodological factors do not depend on signal processing. Nevertheless, there is a lack of research assessing the effect of such factors. Here, we investigate the impact of VR, immersiveness, age, and spatial resolution on the classifier performance of a Motor Imagery (MI) electroencephalography (EEG)-based BCI in naïve participants. We found significantly better performance for VR compared to non-VR (15 electrodes: VR 77.48 ± 6.09%, non-VR 73.5 ± 5.89%, p = 0.0096; 12 electrodes: VR 73.26 ± 5.2%, non-VR 70.87 ± 4.96%, p = 0.0129; 7 electrodes: VR 66.74 ± 5.92%, non-VR 63.09 ± 8.16%, p = 0.0362) and better performance for higher electrode quantity, but no significant differences were found between immersive and non-immersive VR. Finally, there was not a statistically significant correlation found between age and classifier performance, but there was a direct relation found between spatial resolution (electrode quantity) and classifier performance (r = 1, p = 0.0129, VR; r = 0.99, p = 0.0859, non-VR). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Brain-Computer Interfaces Taylor & Francis

Impact of age, VR, immersion, and spatial resolution on classifier performance for a MI-based BCI

Impact of age, VR, immersion, and spatial resolution on classifier performance for a MI-based BCI

Abstract

There are many factors outlined in the signal processing pipeline that impact brain–computer interface (BCI) performance, but some methodological factors do not depend on signal processing. Nevertheless, there is a lack of research assessing the effect of such factors. Here, we investigate the impact of VR, immersiveness, age, and spatial resolution on the classifier performance of a Motor Imagery (MI) electroencephalography (EEG)-based BCI in naïve participants. We found...
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Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
ISSN
2326-2621
eISSN
2326-263x
DOI
10.1080/2326263X.2022.2054606
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

There are many factors outlined in the signal processing pipeline that impact brain–computer interface (BCI) performance, but some methodological factors do not depend on signal processing. Nevertheless, there is a lack of research assessing the effect of such factors. Here, we investigate the impact of VR, immersiveness, age, and spatial resolution on the classifier performance of a Motor Imagery (MI) electroencephalography (EEG)-based BCI in naïve participants. We found significantly better performance for VR compared to non-VR (15 electrodes: VR 77.48 ± 6.09%, non-VR 73.5 ± 5.89%, p = 0.0096; 12 electrodes: VR 73.26 ± 5.2%, non-VR 70.87 ± 4.96%, p = 0.0129; 7 electrodes: VR 66.74 ± 5.92%, non-VR 63.09 ± 8.16%, p = 0.0362) and better performance for higher electrode quantity, but no significant differences were found between immersive and non-immersive VR. Finally, there was not a statistically significant correlation found between age and classifier performance, but there was a direct relation found between spatial resolution (electrode quantity) and classifier performance (r = 1, p = 0.0129, VR; r = 0.99, p = 0.0859, non-VR).

Journal

Brain-Computer InterfacesTaylor & Francis

Published: Jul 3, 2022

Keywords: () motor imagery; brain–computer interfaces; virtual reality; classifier performance; EEG

References