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Do the stimuli of an SSVEP-based BCI really have to be the same as the stimuli used for training it?

Do the stimuli of an SSVEP-based BCI really have to be the same as the stimuli used for training it? Does the stimulation used during the training on an SSVEP-based BCI have to be similar to that of the end use? We recorded six-channel EEG data from 12 subjects in various conditions of distance between targets, and of difference in color between targets. Our analysis revealed that the stimulation configuration used for training which leads to the best classification accuracy is not always the one which is closest to the end use configuration. We found that the distance between targets during training is of little influence if the end use targets are close to each other, but that training at far distance can lead to a better accuracy for far distance end use (p < .01). Additionally, an interaction effect is observed between training and testing color (p < .001): while training with monochrome targets leads to good performance only when the test context involves monochrome targets as well, a classifier trained on colored targets can be efficient for both colored and monochrome targets. In a nutshell, in the context of SSVEP-based BCI, training using distant targets of different colors seems to lead to the best and more robust performance in all end use contexts. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Brain-Computer Interfaces Taylor & Francis

Do the stimuli of an SSVEP-based BCI really have to be the same as the stimuli used for training it?

Do the stimuli of an SSVEP-based BCI really have to be the same as the stimuli used for training it?

Abstract

Does the stimulation used during the training on an SSVEP-based BCI have to be similar to that of the end use? We recorded six-channel EEG data from 12 subjects in various conditions of distance between targets, and of difference in color between targets. Our analysis revealed that the stimulation configuration used for training which leads to the best classification accuracy is not always the one which is closest to the end use configuration. We found that the distance between targets during...
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Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
ISSN
2326-2621
eISSN
2326-263x
DOI
10.1080/2326263X.2016.1193458
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Does the stimulation used during the training on an SSVEP-based BCI have to be similar to that of the end use? We recorded six-channel EEG data from 12 subjects in various conditions of distance between targets, and of difference in color between targets. Our analysis revealed that the stimulation configuration used for training which leads to the best classification accuracy is not always the one which is closest to the end use configuration. We found that the distance between targets during training is of little influence if the end use targets are close to each other, but that training at far distance can lead to a better accuracy for far distance end use (p < .01). Additionally, an interaction effect is observed between training and testing color (p < .001): while training with monochrome targets leads to good performance only when the test context involves monochrome targets as well, a classifier trained on colored targets can be efficient for both colored and monochrome targets. In a nutshell, in the context of SSVEP-based BCI, training using distant targets of different colors seems to lead to the best and more robust performance in all end use contexts.

Journal

Brain-Computer InterfacesTaylor & Francis

Published: Apr 2, 2016

Keywords: BCI; SSVEP; visual stimulation; stimulus; training conditions; color; distance

References