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Artisan to Automation: Value and Craft in the 21st Century

Artisan to Automation: Value and Craft in the 21st Century Abstract This article focuses on contemporary craft as a transactional phenomenon in the twenty-first century. It explores the influence of automation technology – such as laser-cutters and robotics – arguing that our approach to automation has gone unchanged since the Industrial Revolution. Practical implementations of automation reinforce a Marxist ideology that labor is placed under threat and individuals stripped of skill. By focusing on craft as a fundamentally transactional activity between individuals, the essay confronts preconceived ideas regarding automation. It steps through a series of theoretical frameworks including Wittgenstein, Arendt and Marx to unpack the relationship between labor, value and craft. Using two case-studies – one designing aided by a laser cutter, the other drawing portraiture with an industrial robot – the author offers a conceptual shift from considering production to be “from” machines to production “with” machines. I use this shift within the case-studies to offer a delineation of streams for approaching and ultimately reclaiming craft from machines. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Architecture and Culture Taylor & Francis

Artisan to Automation: Value and Craft in the 21st Century

Architecture and Culture , Volume 9 (4): 16 – Oct 2, 2021

Artisan to Automation: Value and Craft in the 21st Century

Architecture and Culture , Volume 9 (4): 16 – Oct 2, 2021

Abstract

Abstract This article focuses on contemporary craft as a transactional phenomenon in the twenty-first century. It explores the influence of automation technology – such as laser-cutters and robotics – arguing that our approach to automation has gone unchanged since the Industrial Revolution. Practical implementations of automation reinforce a Marxist ideology that labor is placed under threat and individuals stripped of skill. By focusing on craft as a fundamentally transactional activity between individuals, the essay confronts preconceived ideas regarding automation. It steps through a series of theoretical frameworks including Wittgenstein, Arendt and Marx to unpack the relationship between labor, value and craft. Using two case-studies – one designing aided by a laser cutter, the other drawing portraiture with an industrial robot – the author offers a conceptual shift from considering production to be “from” machines to production “with” machines. I use this shift within the case-studies to offer a delineation of streams for approaching and ultimately reclaiming craft from machines.

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References (30)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
ISSN
2050-7836
eISSN
2050-7828
DOI
10.1080/20507828.2021.1919854
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract This article focuses on contemporary craft as a transactional phenomenon in the twenty-first century. It explores the influence of automation technology – such as laser-cutters and robotics – arguing that our approach to automation has gone unchanged since the Industrial Revolution. Practical implementations of automation reinforce a Marxist ideology that labor is placed under threat and individuals stripped of skill. By focusing on craft as a fundamentally transactional activity between individuals, the essay confronts preconceived ideas regarding automation. It steps through a series of theoretical frameworks including Wittgenstein, Arendt and Marx to unpack the relationship between labor, value and craft. Using two case-studies – one designing aided by a laser cutter, the other drawing portraiture with an industrial robot – the author offers a conceptual shift from considering production to be “from” machines to production “with” machines. I use this shift within the case-studies to offer a delineation of streams for approaching and ultimately reclaiming craft from machines.

Journal

Architecture and CultureTaylor & Francis

Published: Oct 2, 2021

Keywords: design; automation; robotics; craft

There are no references for this article.