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Apigenin Reduces NF-κB and Subsequent Cytokine Production as Protective Effect in a Rodent Animal Model of Lung Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury

Apigenin Reduces NF-κB and Subsequent Cytokine Production as Protective Effect in a Rodent Animal... Purpose: Lung ischemia–reperfusion injury (LIRI) can complicate lung transplantation or cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, increasing morbidity and mortality. In LIRI, pro-inflammatory cytokines are activated, reactive oxygen species are generated and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) is up-regulated, altering lung mechanics. We tested the effect of the flavonoid apigenin on a rodent model of LIRI. Methods: Thirty-seven Wistar rats were subjected to LIRI with or without a single or double dose of apigenin. Induction of LIRI involved sternotomy and clamping of either the left lung hilum or the pulmonary artery alone for 30 min, followed by 60 min of reperfusion. Control groups consisted of LIRI plus NaCl, a sham group and a baseline group. At the end of the experiments, both lungs were analyzed by RT-PCR, Western blot, and light microscopy. Results: In placebos, the expression levels of pro-inflammatory markers were increased in both lungs significantly, whereas NF-κB was markedly up-regulated. Administration of apigenin reduced the activation of NF-κB and the expression of TNFα, iNOS, and IL-6. These effects were observed in total lung ischemia. Histology showed greater hemorrhage and exudation in the pulmonary periphery of all groups, whereby damage was practically absent in the central lung regions of the apigenin animals. A second dose of apigenin did not outclass a single one. Conclusions: We conclude that apigenin given intraperitoneally can reduce activation of NF-κB and also attenuate the expression of TNFα, IL-6, and iNOS in a surgical model of LIRI. The surgical procedure itself can induce significant damage to the lungs. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Investigative Surgery Taylor & Francis

Apigenin Reduces NF-κB and Subsequent Cytokine Production as Protective Effect in a Rodent Animal Model of Lung Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury

Apigenin Reduces NF-κB and Subsequent Cytokine Production as Protective Effect in a Rodent Animal Model of Lung Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury

Journal of Investigative Surgery , Volume 31 (2): 11 – Mar 4, 2018

Abstract

Purpose: Lung ischemia–reperfusion injury (LIRI) can complicate lung transplantation or cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, increasing morbidity and mortality. In LIRI, pro-inflammatory cytokines are activated, reactive oxygen species are generated and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) is up-regulated, altering lung mechanics. We tested the effect of the flavonoid apigenin on a rodent model of LIRI. Methods: Thirty-seven Wistar rats were subjected to LIRI with or without a single or double dose of apigenin. Induction of LIRI involved sternotomy and clamping of either the left lung hilum or the pulmonary artery alone for 30 min, followed by 60 min of reperfusion. Control groups consisted of LIRI plus NaCl, a sham group and a baseline group. At the end of the experiments, both lungs were analyzed by RT-PCR, Western blot, and light microscopy. Results: In placebos, the expression levels of pro-inflammatory markers were increased in both lungs significantly, whereas NF-κB was markedly up-regulated. Administration of apigenin reduced the activation of NF-κB and the expression of TNFα, iNOS, and IL-6. These effects were observed in total lung ischemia. Histology showed greater hemorrhage and exudation in the pulmonary periphery of all groups, whereby damage was practically absent in the central lung regions of the apigenin animals. A second dose of apigenin did not outclass a single one. Conclusions: We conclude that apigenin given intraperitoneally can reduce activation of NF-κB and also attenuate the expression of TNFα, IL-6, and iNOS in a surgical model of LIRI. The surgical procedure itself can induce significant damage to the lungs.

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References (27)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
ISSN
1521-0553
eISSN
0894-1939
DOI
10.1080/08941939.2017.1296512
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose: Lung ischemia–reperfusion injury (LIRI) can complicate lung transplantation or cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, increasing morbidity and mortality. In LIRI, pro-inflammatory cytokines are activated, reactive oxygen species are generated and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) is up-regulated, altering lung mechanics. We tested the effect of the flavonoid apigenin on a rodent model of LIRI. Methods: Thirty-seven Wistar rats were subjected to LIRI with or without a single or double dose of apigenin. Induction of LIRI involved sternotomy and clamping of either the left lung hilum or the pulmonary artery alone for 30 min, followed by 60 min of reperfusion. Control groups consisted of LIRI plus NaCl, a sham group and a baseline group. At the end of the experiments, both lungs were analyzed by RT-PCR, Western blot, and light microscopy. Results: In placebos, the expression levels of pro-inflammatory markers were increased in both lungs significantly, whereas NF-κB was markedly up-regulated. Administration of apigenin reduced the activation of NF-κB and the expression of TNFα, iNOS, and IL-6. These effects were observed in total lung ischemia. Histology showed greater hemorrhage and exudation in the pulmonary periphery of all groups, whereby damage was practically absent in the central lung regions of the apigenin animals. A second dose of apigenin did not outclass a single one. Conclusions: We conclude that apigenin given intraperitoneally can reduce activation of NF-κB and also attenuate the expression of TNFα, IL-6, and iNOS in a surgical model of LIRI. The surgical procedure itself can induce significant damage to the lungs.

Journal

Journal of Investigative SurgeryTaylor & Francis

Published: Mar 4, 2018

Keywords: apigenin; interleukins; lung ischemia-reperfusion injury; NF-κB, TNFα

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