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Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(3), 336-340 ARTICLE September 2015 Wing feather mites (Acari: Astigmata) on some Passeriformes (Aves) from state of Paraná, Brazil 1,4 2 3 Rodrigo Damasco Daud , Fabio Akashi Hernandes and Arthur Ângelo Bispo Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Campus Samambaia, CEP 74690-900, Goiânia, GO, Brazil. Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rio Claro, SP, Brazil. Núcleo Takinahaky, Faculdade de Letras, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, GO, Brazil. Corresponding author: email@example.com Received on 24 February 2015. Accepted on 28 June 2015. ABSTRACT T T: Feather mites are the most abundant arthropods found on birds, however, few studies have investigated their ecological associations with their hosts in Brazil. Here, we present a checklist of feather mites on 11 bird species from forest patches of Paraná State, Brazil. We recovered 16 species of feather mites belonging to two astigmatan families, namely Proctophyllodidae and Trouessartiidae. No visible external injuries were observed in the birds which could be related to the presence of these mites on their feathers. We report for first time five feather mite species from Paraná State. The present checklist expands the geographical range for fi ve mite species, with one recorded for the fi rst time in Brazil. Moreover, we have collected two potential new species of the genera Amerodectes and Trouessartia and recorded new bird hosts for three mite species. K K KE E EY-WORDS: Astigmata, bird-mite interactions, checklist, Proctophyllodidae, Trouessartiidae. INTRODUCTION registered from Brazilian birds. According to those authors, 185 nominal species of feather mites belonging Feather mites (Astigmata: Analgoidea and Pterolichoidea) to 21 families were reported in Brazil on 15 bird are the most diverse and abundant arthropods associated orders. Among the species, only mites from the families with birds (Gaud & Atyeo 1996, Proctor 2003). Although Proctophyllodidae, Crypturoptidae and Pterolichidae had more than 10 species reported on Brazilian birds and usually regarded as ectoparasites, most feather mites living on the plumage apparently do not cause visible damage the most species were recorded on the order Passeriformes to their hosts. According to Proctor & Owens (2000), (Valim et alll. 2011). feather mites feed on uropygial oil, but occasionally can Th e Neotropical region presents the greatest ingest pollen, fungal spores and other particles attached avifaunal diversity (García-Moreno et al. 2007) and consequently has a great potential to harbor a high to the feathers, and some species also feed on skin scales. About 2,400 feather mite species are presently richness of feather mite taxa. At the same time most recognized, but the extant number of these animals may bird species of this region have their mite fauna still potentially reach 18,000 according to some estimates unknown. In this paper, we report feather mite species (Gaud & Atyeo 1996; Mironov 2003). In recent years, found on some birds from several patches of Atlantic forest in Paraná State, Brazil. there have been increasing efforts aimed at investi gating and describing feather mites and their distribution in Brazil. Most notable among these studies are works containing redescriptions or descriptions of new taxa METHODS (Hernandes & Valim 2005, 2006, 2014, Valim & Th e bird communities were sampled at seven patches Hernandes 2006, 2008, Hernandes 2012, 2013, 2014a, of the Atlantic forest in the municipalities of Fênix and b, Mironov & Hernandes 2014) and checklists of feather mites of Cerrado (Rojas 1998, Kanegae et al. 2008) and São Pedro do Ivaí, Paraná State, Brazil (Figure 1) from the Atlantic Rain Forest (Carvalho & Serra-Freire 2001, July 2002 until June 2003, and from March 2006 until Lyra-Neves et al. 2003). Valim et al. (2011) summarized December 2006. Th e sampling was developed with ten mist nets set in line confi guration in each forest patch, and reviewed the literature on feather mites described/ Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(3), 2015 Wing feather mites (Acari: Astigmata) on some Passeriformes (Aves) from state of Paraná, Brazil Rodrigo Damasco Daud, Fabio Akashi Hernandes and Arthur Ângelo Bispo and totaling 300 m of capture area. All bird specimens Mites were cleared in 30% lactic acid for 12-24 captured had their wings visually analyzed in the field hours at 50 degrees Celsius and mounted in Hoyer’s and the most infested remige feather was removed and medium (Krantz & Walter 2009). Identifi cations were stored in individual vials containing 70% ethanol. based on the keys to supraspecific taxa presented by Gaud The birds were banded and released after examination & Atyeo (1996) and following the recent literature on (Cemave Permit Number 1234). Bird scientific names specific taxa (e. g. Valim & Hernandes 2010, Hernandes follow CBRO (2014). 2014a, Hernandes & Valim 2014). FIGURE 1. Sampling sites at several municipalities in the State of Paraná. Fênix: (1) Vila Rica Espírito Santo State Park (23S 54' 48"/51W 57' 07"); (2) Guajuvira Farm (23S 53' 44"/51W 57' 09"); (3) Cagibi Farm (23S 52' 41"/51W 58' 18"). São Pedro do Ivaí: (4) Santa Vitória Farm (23S 52' 17"/51W 56' 59"). RESULTS AND DISCUSSION (Vieillot, 1818), Tachyphonus coronatus (Vieillot, 1822), and Dysithamnus mentalis (Temminck, 1823) (Table 1). In 2002, 209 birds were captured, with 34 of them We sampled 11 bird species belonging to nine families (Table 1). Among those, Pipra fasciicauda Hellmayr, 1906 harboring feather mites, whereas in 2006 we captured 139 was the most abundant followed by Turdus leucomelas birds with 57 of them harboring feather mites (Table 2). Vieillot, 1818, Automolus leucophthalmus (Wied- We collected feather mites of 16 species and two Neuwied, 1821) and Leptopogon amaurocephalus Tschudi, families (Table 1). All recovered species of the family Trouessartiidae belong the genus Trouessartia, whereas 1846. Other bird species with few individuals sampled were Turdus albicollis s Vieillot, 1818, Capsiempis fl aveola the family Proctophyllodidae was represented by mites of (Lichtenstein, 1823), Basileuterus culicivorus (Deppe, five genera: Amerodectes, Atrichophyllodes, Lamellodectes, 1830), Habia rubica a (Vieillot, 1817), Lanio melanops Proctophyllodes, and Tyrannidectes. Undetermined species Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(3), 2015 Wing feather mites (Acari: Astigmata) on some Passeriformes (Aves) from state of Paraná, Brazil Rodrigo Damasco Daud, Fabio Akashi Hernandes and Arthur Ângelo Bispo T T TABLE 1. Feather mites sampled on bird species during this study at several localities in the State of Paraná, Brazil. bird family bird species mite species locality* Pipridae Pipra fascicauda Nycteridocaulus sp. 1 Fênix/1 and 3 Turdidae Turdus leucomelas Amerodectes turdinus Fênix/1 “ Trouessartia serrana Fênix/2 “ Tyrannidectes fissuratus Fênix/1 Turdus albicollis Amerodectes turdinus Fênix/3 “ Proctophyllodes weigoldi Fênix/3 Furnariidae Automolus leucophtalmus Lamellodectes ocelatus Fênix/1 and 3 Tyrannidae Leptopogon amaurocephalus Nycteridocaulus aff . tyranni Fênix/2 Capsiemps fl aveola Nycteridocaulus aff . tyranni São Pedro do Ivaí/4 Parulidae Basileuterus culicivorus Amerodectes s sp. 1 Fênix/2 “ Trouessartia basileuteri Fênix/2 “ Nycteridocaulus sp. 2 São Pedro do Ivaí/4 Thrau pidae Habia rubica Proctophyllodes habiae São Pedro do Ivaí/4 “ Trouessartia sp. 1 São Pedro do Ivaí/4 “ Nycteridocaulus sp. 3 Fênix/1 Lanio melanops Trouessartia sp. 2 Fênix/2 Tachyphonus coronatus Amerodectes s sp. 2 São Pedro do Ivaí/4 Th amnophilidae Dysithamnus mentalis Atrichophyllodes mentalis Fênix/2 *(1) Vila Rica Espírito Santo State Park; (2) Guajuvira Farm; (3) Cagibi Farm; (4) Santa Vitória Farm (see fi gure 1 for details). T T TABLE 2. Total number of individuals of each bird species and number of birds infested by mites captured during this study at several localities in the State of Paraná, Brazil. SAMPLED INFESTED Birds species 2002 2006 2002 2006 Pipra fascicauda 109 83 9 33 Turdus leucomelas 44 7 11 2 Turdus albicollis 11 3 4 1 Automolus leucophtalmus 16 8 1 4 Leptopogon amaurocephalus 14 9 4 1 Capsiemps fl aveola 0 1 0 1 Basileuterus culicivorus 9 3 4 3 Habia rubica 0 13 0 7 Lanio melanops 3 5 0 2 Tachyphonus coronatus 1 1 1 0 Dysithamnus mentalis 2 6 0 3 TOTAL 209 139 34 57 of the genus Nycteridocaulus s were recorded on three hosts. Trouessartia a sp. 2. and Tyrannidectes fissuratus s (Hernandes Amerodectes turdinus (Berla, 1959) and Nycteridocaulus & Valim, 2005) (Table 1). aff . tyranni were recorded on two hosts whereas the The Trouessartia species were collected on the dorsal remaining mite species were each collected only on one surface of primary, secondary and tertiary remiges, whereas host species (Table 1): Amerodectes sp. 1, Amerodectes proctophyllodid mites were sampled on the ventral surface sp. 2, Atrichophyllodes mentalis Hernandes, Valim & of remiges. This surface preference of win g feathers was Mironov, 2007, Lamellodectes ocelatus (Berla, 1960), already observed by previous authors (Santana 1976, Proctophyllodes weigoldi i Vitzthum, 1922, P. habiae e Atyeo Mironov & González-Acuña 2013, Hernandes 2014a). & Braasch, 1966, Trouessartia basileuteri i Hernandes, We recorded five wing mite species sampled for the 2014, Trouessartia serrana Berla, 1959, Trouessartia sp 1., fi rst time in the State of Paraná, namely, A. turdinus, T. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(3), 2015 Wing feather mites (Acari: Astigmata) on some Passeriformes (Aves) from state of Paraná, Brazil Rodrigo Damasco Daud, Fabio Akashi Hernandes and Arthur Ângelo Bispo García-Moreno, J.; Clay, R. P. & Ríos-Muñoz, C.A. 2007. Th e serrana, L. ocelatus, T. basileuteri and P. habiae. Moreover, importance of birds for conservation in the Neotropical region. the species P. habiae, found on Habia rubica, is a new Journal of Ornithology, 148 (Suppl 2): S321-S326. record for Brazil. Previous authors recorded this mite Gaud, J. & Atyeo, W.J. 1996. Feather mites of the World (Acarina, species on H. rubica a in Honduras and Mexico (Atyeo & Astigmata): the supraspecific taxa. Annales du Musée royale d e Braasch 1966). l’Afrique centrale (Sciences zoologiques), 277: 1-193 (Pt. 1, text), 1-436 (Pt. 2, illustrations). In the present paper we also recorded new hosts Hernandes, F. A. 2012. Two new feather mite species (Acari, for three mites; A. turdinus s and T. serrana a on feathers Pteronyssidae) from the white-barred piculet, Picumnus cirratus of Turdus leucomelas s and P. weigoldi on Turdus albicollis. (Aves, Piciformes). Folia Parasitologica, 59 (4): 301-307. Amerodectes turdinus has been previously reported on Hernandes, F. A. 2013. Th e feather mites (Acari, Astigmata) of the Violet-capped Woodnymph, Thalurania glaucopis s (Gmelin) (Aves, Turdus rufiventris s Vieillot, 1818 and Turdus albicollis Trochilidae), with descriptions of three new species. Zootaxa, (Turdidae), whereas T. serrana a was known only from T. 3616: 563-577. albicollis s (Valim et al. 2011), both collected on birds from Hernandes, F. A. 2014a. Five new species of the feather mite Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Proctophyllodes welgoldi has genus Trouessartia Canestrini from South America (Acari: Trouessartiidae). Zootaxa, 3856: 50-72. been previously observed on Turdus obscurus Gmelin, Hernandes, F. A. 2014b. Th e feather mites of nightjars (Aves: 1789 from Malaysia and on Turdus rufiventri s and Turdus Caprimulgidae), with descriptions of two new species from Brazil amaurochalinus Cabanis, 1850 from Brazil (Amaral et al. (Acari: Xolalgidae, Gabuciniidae). Folia Parasitologica, 61 (2): 2012, Atyeo & Braasch 1966). 173-181. We sampled at least two potential new species of Hernandes, F. A. & Valim, M. P. 2005. A new species of Pterodectes Robin, 1877 (Proctophyllodidae: Pterodectinae) from the pale- mites from the genera Amerodectes, on Capsiemps fl aveola, breasted thrush, Turdus leucomelas s (Passeriformes: Turdidae). and Trouessartia a on Habia rubica. Both species need Zootaxa, 1081: 61-68. future taxonomic evaluation and description. Hernandes, F. A. & Valim, M. P. 2006. Two new species of Here, we expanded the geographical range for fi ve the feather mite subfamily Pterodectinae (Acari, Astigmata, mite species and recorded one of them for the fi rst time Proctophyllodidae) from Brazil. Zootaxa, 1235: 49-61. Hernandes, F. A. & Valim, M. P. 2014. On the identity of two species in Brazil. Moreover, we recorded a new host species for of Proctophyllodidae (Acari: Astigmata: Analgoidea) described by three feather mites. Th ese results contribute to reduce the Herbert F. Berla in Brazil, with a description of Lamellodectes s gen. lack in knowledge about the biodiversity of these poorly nov. and a new species. Zootaxa, 3794: 179-200. known micro-arthropods inhabiting bird feathers. Kanegae, M. F; Valim, M. P.; Fonseca, M. A.; Marini, M. A. & Freire, N. M. S. 2008. Ácaros plumícolas (Acari: Astigmata) em aves do Cerrado do Distrito Federal, Brasil. Biota Neotropica, 8 (1): 30-38. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Krantz, G. & Walter, D. 2009. A Manual of Acarology, 3rd Edition. Lubbock: Texas Technical University Press. Th is research was supported during the period of 2002 Lyra-Neves, R. M.; Isidro-de-Farias, Â. M. & Telino-Júnior, W. to 2003 by the project “Vila Rica State Park and the R. 2003. Ecological relationships between feather mites (Acari) and wild birds of Emberizidae (Aves) in a fragment of Atlantic biodiversity conservation in the Paraná – Mater Natura/ Forest in northeastern Brazil. 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Ornithology Research – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 1, 2015
Keywords: Astigmata; bird-mite interactions; checklist; Proctophyllodidae; Trouessartiidae
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