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Update on Breast Cancer Risk Reduction Therapy

Update on Breast Cancer Risk Reduction Therapy In women at increased risk of breast cancer age ≥35 years, the selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) tamoxifen should be discussed as an option to reduce the risk of estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. In postmenopausal women, raloxifene, anastrozole, and exemestane should also be discussed as options for breast cancer risk reduction. Risk reduction with SERMs continues for at least 10 years in both premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Tamoxifen is not recommended for women with a history of deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolus, stroke, transient ischemic attack, or during prolonged immobilization. Chemoprevention with a SERM may be particularly beneficial to women with atypical hyperplasia, a 5-year risk of more than 5 %, in women with increased mammographic density, or in women with lobular carcinoma in situ. Aromatase inhibitor therapy is of value in high-risk postmenopausal women. Toxicity with tamoxifen is minimal in premenopausal women and is less with either raloxifene or an aromatase inhibitor in postmenopausal women. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Breast Cancer Reports Springer Journals

Update on Breast Cancer Risk Reduction Therapy

Current Breast Cancer Reports , Volume 8 (3) – Jul 20, 2016

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Oncology; Internal Medicine; Surgical Oncology
ISSN
1943-4588
eISSN
1943-4596
DOI
10.1007/s12609-016-0221-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In women at increased risk of breast cancer age ≥35 years, the selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) tamoxifen should be discussed as an option to reduce the risk of estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. In postmenopausal women, raloxifene, anastrozole, and exemestane should also be discussed as options for breast cancer risk reduction. Risk reduction with SERMs continues for at least 10 years in both premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Tamoxifen is not recommended for women with a history of deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolus, stroke, transient ischemic attack, or during prolonged immobilization. Chemoprevention with a SERM may be particularly beneficial to women with atypical hyperplasia, a 5-year risk of more than 5 %, in women with increased mammographic density, or in women with lobular carcinoma in situ. Aromatase inhibitor therapy is of value in high-risk postmenopausal women. Toxicity with tamoxifen is minimal in premenopausal women and is less with either raloxifene or an aromatase inhibitor in postmenopausal women.

Journal

Current Breast Cancer ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 20, 2016

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