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Upconversion properties of Gd-based ceramics, attached into polystyrene films

Upconversion properties of Gd-based ceramics, attached into polystyrene films Tm3+- and Yb3+-doped lithium-gadolinium oxide (Li-Gd2O3) ceramics, prepared by the simple evaporation technique, were incorporated into polystyrene (PS) films (as recycled Styrofoam). A study of the upconversion (UC) emission from Tm3+ as well as Yb3+ ions was performed under continuous wave excitation of a 980-nm laser, for both powder and PS film samples. High-intensity light emissions (UC) were observed at 476, 488, and 665 nm, associated with inter electronic energy state transitions of the Tm3+ ion, from 1D2 to 3F4, 1G4 to 3H6, and 3F3 to 3H6, respectively. Yb3+ presence makes possible the thulium blue emission in the UC luminescence because it acts as a sensitizer under 980-nm excitation. Lithium is used as part of the host lattice (Lix-Gd2-xO3; 0 ≤ x ≥ 1) in order to achieve a greater crystallinity as Li+ acts as fluxing agent. The PS films remain highly transparent in the light’s visible region even after the incorporation of the ceramic particles (around 80% T). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of the Australian Ceramic Society Springer Journals

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Australian Ceramic Society 2020
ISSN
2510-1560
eISSN
2510-1579
DOI
10.1007/s41779-019-00378-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Tm3+- and Yb3+-doped lithium-gadolinium oxide (Li-Gd2O3) ceramics, prepared by the simple evaporation technique, were incorporated into polystyrene (PS) films (as recycled Styrofoam). A study of the upconversion (UC) emission from Tm3+ as well as Yb3+ ions was performed under continuous wave excitation of a 980-nm laser, for both powder and PS film samples. High-intensity light emissions (UC) were observed at 476, 488, and 665 nm, associated with inter electronic energy state transitions of the Tm3+ ion, from 1D2 to 3F4, 1G4 to 3H6, and 3F3 to 3H6, respectively. Yb3+ presence makes possible the thulium blue emission in the UC luminescence because it acts as a sensitizer under 980-nm excitation. Lithium is used as part of the host lattice (Lix-Gd2-xO3; 0 ≤ x ≥ 1) in order to achieve a greater crystallinity as Li+ acts as fluxing agent. The PS films remain highly transparent in the light’s visible region even after the incorporation of the ceramic particles (around 80% T).

Journal

Journal of the Australian Ceramic SocietySpringer Journals

Published: Aug 18, 2020

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