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The synthesis and properties of superheavy nuclei produced in the 48Ca+244Pu, 248Cm reactions

The synthesis and properties of superheavy nuclei produced in the 48Ca+244Pu, 248Cm reactions We present the results of the experiments aimed at producing hypothetical long-lived superheavy elements located near the spherical shell closures with Z>-114 and N>-172. For the synthesis of superheavy nuclei a combination of neutron-rich reaction partners, such as 244Pu and 248Cm targets and a 48Ca projectile have been used. The sensitivity of the present experiment exceeded by more than two orders of magnitude previous attempts to synthesize superheavy nuclides in reactions of 48Ca projectiles with actinide targets. We observed new decay sequences of genetically linked α-decays terminated by spontaneous fission. The decay properties of the synthesized nuclei are consistent with the consecutive α-decays originating from the parent nuclides 288,289114, produced in the 3n and 4n-evaporation channels, and 292116 — in the 4n-evaporation channel with cross sections of about a picobarn. The present observations can be considered an experimental evidence of the existence of the “island of stability” of superheavy elements and are discussed in terms of modern theoretical approaches. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Acta Physica Hungarica Series A, Heavy Ion Physics Springer Journals

The synthesis and properties of superheavy nuclei produced in the 48Ca+244Pu, 248Cm reactions

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Akadémiai Kiadó
Subject
Physics; Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons
ISSN
1219-7580
eISSN
1588-2675
DOI
10.1556/APH.14.2001.1-4.26
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We present the results of the experiments aimed at producing hypothetical long-lived superheavy elements located near the spherical shell closures with Z>-114 and N>-172. For the synthesis of superheavy nuclei a combination of neutron-rich reaction partners, such as 244Pu and 248Cm targets and a 48Ca projectile have been used. The sensitivity of the present experiment exceeded by more than two orders of magnitude previous attempts to synthesize superheavy nuclides in reactions of 48Ca projectiles with actinide targets. We observed new decay sequences of genetically linked α-decays terminated by spontaneous fission. The decay properties of the synthesized nuclei are consistent with the consecutive α-decays originating from the parent nuclides 288,289114, produced in the 3n and 4n-evaporation channels, and 292116 — in the 4n-evaporation channel with cross sections of about a picobarn. The present observations can be considered an experimental evidence of the existence of the “island of stability” of superheavy elements and are discussed in terms of modern theoretical approaches.

Journal

Acta Physica Hungarica Series A, Heavy Ion PhysicsSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 28, 2009

References