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The influence of the drop formation rate at spreading over a microstructured surface on the contact angle

The influence of the drop formation rate at spreading over a microstructured surface on the... Abstract The article presents the experimental dependences of a macro-contact angle and the diameter of a distilled water drop spreading over solid microstructured surface on surface average roughness (Ra) and fluid flow rate (G). It has been found that at changing G from 0.005 to 0.02 ml/s, the contact angle decreases, and at a liquid flow rate over 0.02 ml/s, it increases. With small values of G (0.005−0.01 ml/s), the drop diameter grows throughout the spreading process. In the range of G from 0.02 to 0.16 ml/s at the final stage of spreading, the contact line pinning, i.e., the diam-eter constancy, has been detected. The hypothesis about the mechanism of the pinning process has been formulated: it is due to the zero sum of all forces acting on the drop (inertia, viscosity, friction, gravity, and surface tension). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Thermophysics and Aeromechanics Springer Journals

The influence of the drop formation rate at spreading over a microstructured surface on the contact angle

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
2018 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
ISSN
0869-8643
eISSN
1531-8699
DOI
10.1134/S0869864318020099
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The article presents the experimental dependences of a macro-contact angle and the diameter of a distilled water drop spreading over solid microstructured surface on surface average roughness (Ra) and fluid flow rate (G). It has been found that at changing G from 0.005 to 0.02 ml/s, the contact angle decreases, and at a liquid flow rate over 0.02 ml/s, it increases. With small values of G (0.005−0.01 ml/s), the drop diameter grows throughout the spreading process. In the range of G from 0.02 to 0.16 ml/s at the final stage of spreading, the contact line pinning, i.e., the diam-eter constancy, has been detected. The hypothesis about the mechanism of the pinning process has been formulated: it is due to the zero sum of all forces acting on the drop (inertia, viscosity, friction, gravity, and surface tension).

Journal

Thermophysics and AeromechanicsSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 1, 2018

References