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The Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola) in Argentina

The Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola) in Argentina Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(2), 172-179 SHORTCOMMUNICATION June 2014 The Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola) in Argentina 1,14 2 3,14 4,14 Juan Mazar Barnett , Germán D. Pugnali , Mark Pearman Morrison , Alejandro Bodrati , Flavio 5 6 7,14 8,14 9 Moschione , Ricardo Clark , Ignacio Roesler , Diego Monteleone , Hernán Casañas , Freddy Burgos 10,14 10,14 11,14 12 13,14,15 Gallardo , José Segovia , Luis Pagano , Hernán Povedano and Juan I. Areta Deceased 25 de mayo 758 10°G, 1002, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Del Ombú 1683, Parque Leloir, 1714 Ituzaingó, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Los Ceibos 1695, 1607 Villa Adelina, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Delegación Regional Noroeste Argentino-Administración de Parques Nacionales, Santa Fe 23, 4400, Salta, Argentina. Mariano Moreno 1950, 4401 San Lorenzo, Salta, Argentina. Calle 2 Nº1187, 1900 La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Magallanes 1640, 1878 Quilmes, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Relinchos, Cruz Grande, 5178 La Cumbre, Córdoba, Argentina. Secretaría de Gestión Ambiental-Jefatura de Gabinete de Jujuy. Sarmiento 154, 4600 Jujuy, Argentina. Taller de Taxidermia, División Zoología Vertebrados, Museo de La Plata, FCNyM (UNLP), Paseo del Bosque s/n1900 La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Dirección de Areas protegidas, Secretaria de Medio Ambiente de la Provincia de Rio Negro, Colón 275, Viedma (8500), Rio Negro, Argentina. IBIGEO-CONICET, Mendoza 2, 4400, Salta, Argentina. Grupo FALCO, www.grupofalco.com.ar Corresponding author: esporofila@yahoo.com.ar Received on 11 September 2013. Accepted on 15 January 2014. ABSTRACT: During ornithological studies in the provinces of Jujuy, Salta, and San Juan, we recorded the Andean Swallow Orochelidon andecola at 40 localities. These are the first records in Argentina, and also represent the southernmost for the species. Some of these localities are up to 1500 m lower than the previously known elevational limit (now 800 masl), and up to 1100 km southwards. This is a relatively poorly known swallow, and we present novel natural history data. We found evidence of breeding in five localities. We obtained photographs and tape recordings, and provide details of a specimen. KEYWORDS: altitudinal distribution, geographical distribution, Orochelidon andecola, natural history, seasonal movements. The Andean Swallow Orochelidon andecola is locally provide data on behavior, habitat use, and breeding of the common from Ancash, Perú, to Potosí and Tarija in species in Argentina. Bolivia and Tarapacá in Chile. The elevational range extends between 2500-4600 masl, with the lowest Materials and Methods elevation records coming from the Austral winter (Ridgely & Tudor 1989, Fjeldså & Krabbe 1990). Turner Data reported in this study were gathered opportunistically & Rose (1989) report it as occasional below 2500 masl during general surveys in northwestern Argentina by and Hennessey et al. (2003) report it down do 2300 masl. all the authors. We report information obtained up to Some authors have speculated on its presence September 2008 (some records were briefly described in Argentina (Turner & Rose 1989, Fjeldså & Krabbe in Mazar Barnett and Pearman [2001]), including data 1990), but so far, there is no formally published evidence on a specimen which was collected and deposited at the of its presence in the country. During our ornithological Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales, Buenos Aires studies in the provinces of Jujuy, Salta, and San Juan we (MACN). Sound recordings were made with a Sony recorded the species in numerous localities, confirming TCM-5000 EV tape recorder and a Sennheiser ME-66 pre-existing speculations. In this contribution we describe shotgun microphone and are deposited in the Macaulay these records, extending the latitudinal and longitudinal Library of Natural Sounds, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, distribution of the Andean Swallow considerably, and The Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola) in Argentina Juan Mazar Barnett, Germán D. Pugnali, Mark Pearman Morrison, Alejandro Bodrati, Flavio Moschione, Ricardo Clark, Ignacio Roesler, Diego Monteleone, Hernán Casañas, Freddy Burgos Gallardo, José Segovia, Luis Pagano, Hernán Povedano and Juan I. Areta New York, and in the Colección Nacional de Sonidos of its border. The individuals flew around a hole in the Naturales, MACN, Buenos Aires. Coordinates for each bank, with one of them perching on it once. Given locality were obtained with a GPS, through topographical the time of the year, we suspect that the swallows were charts, or from Google Earth. investigating this hole to breed. We could not confirm if the tunnel was excavated by the swallows or not. The Geographic distribution tunnel was located at the base of the cliff, approximately 2 m up, in an area where it became more vertical, just We obtained 68 records of Andean Swallows in 40 below a rock, where the substrate was more humid localities (Table 1). The group observed on 27 September and softer. The entrance was sparsely covered by dense 1997 at Quebrada Sacha Runa (Table 1, record 2) was moss and lichen which grew on the ground. The shape tape recorded. An adult of unknown sex was collected and placement of the nest agreed with that described in this site (specimen number MACN54897), with the by Johnson (1967) and with our previous experience following measurements: wing chord: 107.3 mm, bill (tip of nesting Andean Swallows in northern Chile. On to base of skull): 10.8 mm, bill (tip to anterior border of 16 December 2006 at least five pairs were nesting in nares): 4.8 mm, tarsus: 12.0 mm, and tail: 51 mm. Other low-lying banks at Cochinoca (Table 1, record 24), on documented records include one bird photographed at 4 August 2007 some adults were feeding fledglings at Río Peñas Negras (Table 1, records 4-6) and several tape- Morro del Alisar (Table 1, record 40), and on 4 February recorded at Santa Ana (Table 1, record 25). 2008 some groups contained both adults and juveniles at Abra Honda (Table 1, record 16). Behavioral notes Habitat The species was generally recorded in small groups of 2-10 individuals, although we also recorded single birds and The dominant vegetation in areas where we recorded groups of 40-100 individuals rarely (records 1, 23, 26, Andean Swallows was low montane scrub, generally and 41). At Valle Colorado we observed approximately open, sometimes dry and degraded. In general, Baccharis 100 individuals at dusk on 16 August 1996, flying 1–4 sp. shrubs were abundant in areas with varying humidity m above the Valle Colorado River. Here, groups of up to and cover. We also recorded Andean Swallows in small 25 individuals were observed during the day moving over patches of Polylepis sp. (scarce in the region due to habitat a short section of river back and forth while capturing disturbance by overgrazing and logging), and grasslands insects. Every once in a while, they gathered together, of varying humidity depending on local conditions flew upwards, and circled while vocalizing, resuming (once in Cortaderia selloana), above the treeline (‘ceja de their feeding behavior over the river afterwards. The same bosque’). A few records in foothill and montane Yungas pattern was observed the next day, although the large forests are notable. Among the dry areas, we found the flock now flew 100-200 m above the river. swallows in areas within the Puna Plateau, with dry, low, The vocalizations we heard and recorded were soft and sparse vegetation, on slopes and rocky slopes with warbles, somewhat trilled or of harsh quality: crruí trr- short grass (with some shrubs and Baccharis sp. shrubland rluí? or t’rluíp tzrruíp? in areas with higher humidity), and other typical Puna On numerous occasions, Andean Swallows habitats. The southernmost records also deserve special were observed together with blue-and-white swallow mention, as they occurred in the Monte desert (Cabrera Pygochelidon cyanoleuca, once with a group of Andean 1971), with creosote Larrea sp., C. selloana, and Juncus swift Aeronautes andecolus, and once with barn swallows balticus along a creek (Table 1, records 66-68). Hirundo rustica. We could always distinguish Andean Most of our records of Andean Swallows came from swallows from blue-and-white swallows by the lack of humid river gullies on the east slopes of the sub-Andean dark undertail coverts, squarer and less-forked tail, dark ranges or in humid gullies in other ranges, reaching a total throat patch extending into the upper chest, and less vivid of 26 (65%) localities at the treeline, above the montane blue dorsal coloration in Andean Swallows. Yungas forest (Table 1, Figure 1). However, the species was also found in 14 (35%) localities in the dry Puna or Breeding Altiplano between 2550 and 4000 masl (Table 1, Figure 1). This pattern is remarkable, given that the literature We obtained breeding data at five localities (Table 1). only mentions dry Puna habitats for this species (Turner Three pairs were thought to be breeding at Molulo & Rose 1989, Ridgely & Tudor 1989, Fjeldså & Krabbe in December 1995 (Table 1, record 35). A group at 1990). This distinction is clearly evident in the shading Quebrada Sacha Runa on 27 September 1997 (Table 1, shown in the map by Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990: 534), record 2) flew over a territory roughly 500-m long, either which in southern Bolivia includes only the Altiplano. close to the water or near the ground on the eastern side Nevertheless, S. Mayer (pers. comm.) recorded Andean Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(2), 2014 The Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola) in Argentina Juan Mazar Barnett, Germán D. Pugnali, Mark Pearman Morrison, Alejandro Bodrati, Flavio Moschione, Ricardo Clark, Ignacio Roesler, Diego Monteleone, Hernán Casañas, Freddy Burgos Gallardo, José Segovia, Luis Pagano, Hernán Povedano and Juan I. Areta Swallows in Bolivia in habitats similar to those in which mid-winter, and occurred during some particularly cold we recorded them in Argentina. days, which may indicate that some individuals respond The literature gives a lower altitudinal limit of 2500 to short-term climatic fluctuations. The Andean swallow, masl for Andean Swallows (Turner & Rose 1989, Fjeldså y and three other swallows recorded at PN El Leoncito, Krabbe 1990; but down to 2300 m asl in Hennessey et al. San Juan, were absent during winter in this locality. It 2003). Several of our records represent range extensions is possible that latitudinal movements may explain this of its altitude, with the lowest record at 800 masl (Table pattern, at least in the southernmost populations of the 1, record 37). We also extend the southern distribution species. Nevertheless, it is difficult to judge the movements limit of the species by more than 1100 km (Figure 1). of Andean swallows in Argentina, given that our winter Based on the large number of records presented here, we records span 800 to approximately 4000 masl. suggest that the species is fairly uniformly distributed in north-west Argentina, being locally frequent to common. Final thoughts We predict that the species will be found in the provinces of Catamarca, La Rioja, Tucumán, and Mendoza, which Although the species is considered as locally common, intervene the northernmost and southernmost records it is generally observed in small groups (Ridgely & in Argentina and which have suitable habitats for this Tudor 1989, Fjeldså & Krabbe 1990). Hence, the swallow. finding of groups of some 40-45 individuals at Laguna Los Enamorados and Cieneguillas, and of over 100 Seasonality and migration individuals in Valle Colorado and Río Yala, Jujuy, suggest regular formation of flocks before and after the breeding Records in Argentina spanned all the seasons and occurred season. A large concentration of several thousands was over ten months (there were no records for May and June; reported at Laguna Tacahua, Perú (J. Fjeldså in Turner perhaps due to lack of sampling). We consider the Andean & Rose 1989). Swallow to be a resident species in Argentina, although The population in Argentina seemingly belongs to the it may conceivably make local movements, especially nominate subspecies based on its geographic proximity. elevationally, depending on climatic fluctuations. The name golondrina puneña was coined in the past for Some evidence suggests the existence of at least local the species (Mazar Barnett & Pearman 2001), however, movements. At the Cuesta del Obispo, Salta, a locality we feel that the variety of habitats it uses makes this regularly visited by observers, the species was recorded name inaccurate. We thus suggest the common Spanish during only certain visits. The lowest-elevation record at name golondrina andina, which better reflects its broader 800 masl in PN Calilegua (Table 1, record 37) came from habitats and agrees with its scientific and English names. FIGURE 1. Distribution of Andean swallow Orochelidon andecola in Argentina. Localities are numbered consecutively from north to south (see Table 1 for details). Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(2), 2014 The Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola) in Argentina Juan Mazar Barnett, Germán D. Pugnali, Mark Pearman Morrison, Alejandro Bodrati, Flavio Moschione, Ricardo Clark, Ignacio Roesler, Diego Monteleone, Hernán Casañas, Freddy Burgos Gallardo, José Segovia, Luis Pagano, Hernán Povedano and Juan I. Areta Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(2), 2014 TABLE 1. Details of 68 records of Andean swallow Orochelidon andecola reported in this work, ordered by increasing latitude. Map number refers to numbers in Figure 1. Numbers of each record are the same as those cited in the text. Habitat column indicates D for dry habitats and H for humid habitats. When D or H is in parentheses it indicates intermediate habitat humidity, but closer to the letter being displayed. Geographic Elevation Number of Map Record Locality Date Comments Habitat Observer coordinates (masl) individuals 22°06'S, Flying over sparse, dry, short shrubs on the 1 1 Cieneguillas, Jujuy 3680 4 Jul 2007 40-45 D JIA 65°52'W outskirts of town. Over an open Polylepis sp. woodland, Baccharis sp. shrubland, and ground densely covered by herbaceous vegetation, mosses, JMB, GP and 22°14'S, 27 Sep 1997; 2 2,3 Quebrada Sacha Runa, Salta 2900 5; 5 lichens, and ferns. The group observed in H M. della Seta; 65°02'W 1 Dec 2003 1997 kept a territory and visited a nest on JMB a slope; voices recorded and one individual collected (see text). 6 Aug 1998; Over humid grasslands and shrublands MP and R. 22°15'S, 3 4–6 Río Peñas Negras, Salta 3400 15 Mar 2001; 6 above treeline. One individual H Johnson; MP; 65°05'W 29 Oct 2001 photographed. MP 6 Aug 1998; MP and R. 22°15'S, 3150; Last record of two birds at 3350 masl. 4 7–10 Río Trancas, Salta 13 Aug 2003; 4; 6; 5; 2 H Johnson; MP; 65°03'W 3350 Similar habitat to previous record. 2 Dec 2003 (x2) JMB; JMB 22°15'S, Between Rodeo Pampa and 65°03'W– 3050– Groups above river gullies, mostly on 5 11–12 4–6 Aug 2003 2–6 HIR Sta. Victoria, Salta 22°15'S, 2400 montane shrubland with few Polylepis sp. 64°58'W Flying over a small shrubby quebrada with JMB, GDP 26 Sep 1997 22°15'S, a small patch of open Polylepis woodland; and M. della 6 13–15 W of Santa Victoria, Salta 2650 (x2); 4; 5; 2 H 65°00'W another group in the higher parts of an Seta (x2); 1 Dec 2003 abrupt cliff over the Santa Victoria river. JMB Abra Honda, Santa Victoria 22º15'S Flying over a group of houses. Groups with 716 2725 4 Feb 2008 4-13 H FBG Oeste, Salta 64º56'W adults and juveniles. Between Santa Victoria and c. 22°16'S, 2400– MP and R. 817 7 Aug 1998 15 Disperse individuals. D Acoite, Salta 65°00'W 2550 Johnson 22°16'S, 9 18 Above Piscuno, Salta 3300 5 Dec 2003 1 Over dry and rocky slopes with short grass. D JMB 64°55'W The Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola) in Argentina Juan Mazar Barnett, Germán D. Pugnali, Mark Pearman Morrison, Alejandro Bodrati, Flavio Moschione, Ricardo Clark, Ignacio Roesler, Diego Monteleone, Hernán Casañas, Freddy Burgos Gallardo, José Segovia, Luis Pagano, Hernán Povedano and Juan I. Areta Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(2), 2014 Geographic Elevation Number of Map Record Locality Date Comments Habitat Observer coordinates (masl) individuals 22°18'S, Shallow quebrada with high-Andean 10 19 El Chorro, Salta 3200 3 Dec 2003 1 D JMB 64°56'W vegetation, Baccharis sp., and shrubs. 22°18'S, Deep and humid quebrada with humid Quebrada del arroyo Cañaní, 64°54'W; 2900; 3 Dec 2003; 11 20-21 3 grasslands in humid patches of Baccharis sp. H JMB Salta 22°19'S, 2700 5 Dec 2003 and Polylepis sp. 64°53'W Tipajo, Santa Victoria Oeste, 22º18'S 12 22 2939 7 Feb 2008 3 Above Arroyo Tipajo. H FBG Salta 64º53'W Laguna Los Enamorados, 22º43'S, In flight over a dry area with few sparse 13 23 3470 6 Oct 2003 40-45 D JIA Abra Pampa, Jujuy 65º42'W shrubs. 23º11'S At least 5 pairs nesting on a natural wall c. 3 14 24 Santa Ana, Cochinoca, Jujuy 4079 16 Dec 2006 10+ DIR 65º12'W m high, with holes 2 m above the ground. Santa Ana, Valle Grande, 23°19'S, Over a dry creek; rocky area covered by 15 25 3500 20 Aug 1996 8 D JMB Jujuy 65°03'W grasses. Tape-recorded. 23°21'S, 16 26-27 Caspalá, Jujuy 3070 Jan 1996 3; 16 D HP 65°5'W From 2 km S of the town, in the town, JMB, AB, 23°26'S, 1800– 16–18 Aug 1996; 10; 25; 20-40 and on slopes above it. Montane scrub and G. 17 28–32 Valle Colorado, Jujuy H 64°59'W 1900 21 Jul 2000 +100 (x2) somewhat dry and degraded. In 2000 > 100 Bodrati (x3); individuals, perhaps the same as in 1996. IR and DM Valle Grande, Jujuy 23°28'S, 18 33 1650 20 Jul 2000 5 Over disturbed montane forest. H IR 64°59'W On the valley of a creek with dense montane Between Alto Calilegua and 23°31'S, 19 34 c. 1800 19 Jul 2000 2 scrub and open montane forest. H IR Valle Grande, Jujuy 64°58'W 23°34'S, Group of six, consisted of three pairs 20 35-36 Molulo, Jujuy 3000 Dec 1995 6; 12 HHP 65° 9'W apparently nesting. Aguas Negras, PN Calilegua, 23°42'S, In flight over a steep wall on a river with AB and K. 21 37 c. 800 6 Aug 2003 2 H Jujuy 64°49'W pedemontane forest in the Yungas foothills. Cockle The Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola) in Argentina Juan Mazar Barnett, Germán D. Pugnali, Mark Pearman Morrison, Alejandro Bodrati, Flavio Moschione, Ricardo Clark, Ignacio Roesler, Diego Monteleone, Hernán Casañas, Freddy Burgos Gallardo, José Segovia, Luis Pagano, Hernán Povedano and Juan I. Areta Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(2), 2014 Geographic Elevation Number of Map Record Locality Date Comments Habitat Observer coordinates (masl) individuals D. J. Stejskal 23°51'S, 22 38 1 km N of Tumbaya, Jujuy 2150 18 Nov 1997 1 Over humid Prepuna scrubland. (D) and J. 65°29'W Rowlett Abra de Manantiales,Volcán, 23º54'S 23 39 2295 19 Mar 2006 24+ Humid scrub, flying over water courses. H FBG Jujuy 65º28'W Morro del Alisar, Lozano, 24º04'S Adults feeding young birds, flying over the 24 40 1789 4 Aug 2007 18+,6+,15+ H FBG Jujuy 65º27'W river. 24°04'S, Where the river crosses the Ruta Nacional 9, RC and D. 25 41 Río Lozano, Jujuy 1550 18 Aug 1993 20 (H) 65°25'W on somewhat degraded montane forest. Holman 24º04'S 26 42 La Ollada, Lozano, Jujuy 1976 6 Aug 2007 7,4+ Quebradas de Sevenguillar. H FBG 65º25'W Salto Alto, Quebrada de 24º04'S 27 43 3320 2 Aug 2008 2-5 On the waterfall. H FBG Lozano, Jujuy 65º28'W RC and 24°07'S, 12 nov 1995; First group over the river; second group D. Finch; 28 44-45 Río Yala, Jujuy 1500 20; c. 100 H 65°24'W 26 Mar 2003 above the cerros in the quebrada de Yala. RC and M. Mosqueira GDP, L. 24°11'S, 12 and14 Jul Disturbed transitional scrub around the Segura and 29 46 Guerrero, Jujuy 1550 20 (H) 65°27'W 2003 town. H. Rodríguez Goñi Loma del Antigal, Guerrero, 24º13'S 30 47 2342 31 Jan 2008 6+ Montane prairie. H FBG Jujuy 65º30'W Vega del Tocomar, W of 24°11'S, Flying over a bog (vega) grazed by lamas 31 48 3500 18 Feb 1996 1 DRC Abra de Chorrillos, Salta 66°34'W (Lama guanicoe). Cerro Alto Campanario, San 24º26'S 32 49 2375 10 Apr 2003 3-7 Flying over the “peña.” H FBG Antonio, Jujuy 65º27'W Quebrada Cuesta Grande, 24º40'S 33 50 2120 19 Sep 2008 3 Flying over a river slope. H FBG Salta 65º35'W The Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola) in Argentina Juan Mazar Barnett, Germán D. Pugnali, Mark Pearman Morrison, Alejandro Bodrati, Flavio Moschione, Ricardo Clark, Ignacio Roesler, Diego Monteleone, Hernán Casañas, Freddy Burgos Gallardo, José Segovia, Luis Pagano, Hernán Povedano and Juan I. Areta Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(2), 2014 Geographic Elevation Number of Map Record Locality Date Comments Habitat Observer coordinates (masl) individuals Cerro Bola, Rosario de 24º50'S 34 51 2050 18 Sep 2008 1 Prepuna scrub with abundant cacti. H FBG Lerma, Salta 65º44'W Cerro Malcante, PN Los 25°04'S, c. 4000 16 Sep 1994 Open Puna with rocky ground and sparse 35 52,53 3,8 D RC, HC Cardones, Salta 65°52'W 3500 11 Nov 2003 dry vegetation. RP 33, Salta, Peña El MP; 25º10'S 2700 12 Aug 2000 Near San Martin, on a humid quebrada 36 54,55 Caracol, Cuesta del Obispo, 4,2 H AB, and K. 65º50'W 2900 13 Aug 2003 with Cortaderia selloana. Salta Cockle Flying over slopes with degraded humid 24 Apr 2002(x2) JMB, GDP, montane shrubland and grassland. 25°11'S, 2700 11 Dec 2006, 10 (x2); 4 HC, and L. 37 56-62 Cuesta del Obispo Generally in pairs or small groups. Together H 65°49'W; 2500 Jan 2007-Jan 10 Cuenca (x2); with blue-and-white swallows (Pygochelidon 2008 IR and EJ cyanoleuca). Paraje Agua del Godo, PN 29°15'S, Above the arroyo San Guillermo in Puna 38 63-64 3200 2 Apr 1999 (x2); 2; 1 (x2) DAB San Guillermo, San Juan 69°21'W; habitat. 3 km N of PN San 29°13'S, 39 65 3200 3 Apr 1999 2,1 Puna habitat. D AB Guillermo, San Juan 69°21'W Southernmost records. The first locality was Arroyo Leoncito, arroyo a narrow humid quebrada in the “nacientes” AB (x2); del Medio, and arroyo de 31°46'S, 2550; 13, 17 and 19 40 66-68 2; 1; 2 of the creek, with abundant Larrea sp., C. D AB and E. Adentro, PN El Leoncito, 69°21'W 3200 Jan 1999 selloana, and Juncus balticus. The last locality Mérida San Juan is the highest one. The Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola) in Argentina Juan Mazar Barnett, Germán D. Pugnali, Mark Pearman Morrison, Alejandro Bodrati, Flavio Moschione, Ricardo Clark, Ignacio Roesler, Diego Monteleone, Hernán Casañas, Freddy Burgos Gallardo, José Segovia, Luis Pagano, Hernán Povedano and Juan I. Areta Fjeldså, J. & Krabbe, N. 1990. Birds of the high Andes. Svendborg: ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, and Apollo Books. To Sjoerd Mayer who shared his knowledge on this and Hennessey, A. B.; Herzog, S. K. & Sagot F. 2003. Lista anotada other species in Bolivia. To Marco della Seta, Liliana de las aves de Bolivia. Quinta edición. Santa Cruz de la Sierra: Asociación Armonía/BirdLife International. Cuenca, Luis Segura, Hernán Rodríguez Goñi, Richard Johnson, A. W. 1967. The birds of Chile and adjacent regions Johnson, Mario Mosqueira, Emilse Mérida, Kristina of Argentina, Bolivia and Peru, v. 2. Buenos Aires: Platt Cockle and others who shared our experiences with Establecimientos Gráficos. Andean Swallows. Gustavo S. Cabanne and an anonymous Mazar Barnett, J. & Pearman, M. 2001. Lista comentada de las aves reviewer provided helpful comments on the manuscript. argentinas. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. Ridgely, R. S. & Tudor, G. 1989. The birds of South America, v. 1. Austin: University of Texas Press. Turner, A. & Rose, C. 1989. A handbook to the swallows and martins REFERENCES of the world. London: Christopher Helm. Cabrera, A. 1971. Fitogeografía de la República Argentina. Boletín de Associate Editor: Luciano N. Naka la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica 14. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(2), 2014 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Ornithology Research Springer Journals

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Abstract

Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(2), 172-179 SHORTCOMMUNICATION June 2014 The Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola) in Argentina 1,14 2 3,14 4,14 Juan Mazar Barnett , Germán D. Pugnali , Mark Pearman Morrison , Alejandro Bodrati , Flavio 5 6 7,14 8,14 9 Moschione , Ricardo Clark , Ignacio Roesler , Diego Monteleone , Hernán Casañas , Freddy Burgos 10,14 10,14 11,14 12 13,14,15 Gallardo , José Segovia , Luis Pagano , Hernán Povedano and Juan I. Areta Deceased 25 de mayo 758 10°G, 1002, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Del Ombú 1683, Parque Leloir, 1714 Ituzaingó, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Los Ceibos 1695, 1607 Villa Adelina, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Delegación Regional Noroeste Argentino-Administración de Parques Nacionales, Santa Fe 23, 4400, Salta, Argentina. Mariano Moreno 1950, 4401 San Lorenzo, Salta, Argentina. Calle 2 Nº1187, 1900 La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Magallanes 1640, 1878 Quilmes, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Relinchos, Cruz Grande, 5178 La Cumbre, Córdoba, Argentina. Secretaría de Gestión Ambiental-Jefatura de Gabinete de Jujuy. Sarmiento 154, 4600 Jujuy, Argentina. Taller de Taxidermia, División Zoología Vertebrados, Museo de La Plata, FCNyM (UNLP), Paseo del Bosque s/n1900 La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Dirección de Areas protegidas, Secretaria de Medio Ambiente de la Provincia de Rio Negro, Colón 275, Viedma (8500), Rio Negro, Argentina. IBIGEO-CONICET, Mendoza 2, 4400, Salta, Argentina. Grupo FALCO, www.grupofalco.com.ar Corresponding author: esporofila@yahoo.com.ar Received on 11 September 2013. Accepted on 15 January 2014. ABSTRACT: During ornithological studies in the provinces of Jujuy, Salta, and San Juan, we recorded the Andean Swallow Orochelidon andecola at 40 localities. These are the first records in Argentina, and also represent the southernmost for the species. Some of these localities are up to 1500 m lower than the previously known elevational limit (now 800 masl), and up to 1100 km southwards. This is a relatively poorly known swallow, and we present novel natural history data. We found evidence of breeding in five localities. We obtained photographs and tape recordings, and provide details of a specimen. KEYWORDS: altitudinal distribution, geographical distribution, Orochelidon andecola, natural history, seasonal movements. The Andean Swallow Orochelidon andecola is locally provide data on behavior, habitat use, and breeding of the common from Ancash, Perú, to Potosí and Tarija in species in Argentina. Bolivia and Tarapacá in Chile. The elevational range extends between 2500-4600 masl, with the lowest Materials and Methods elevation records coming from the Austral winter (Ridgely & Tudor 1989, Fjeldså & Krabbe 1990). Turner Data reported in this study were gathered opportunistically & Rose (1989) report it as occasional below 2500 masl during general surveys in northwestern Argentina by and Hennessey et al. (2003) report it down do 2300 masl. all the authors. We report information obtained up to Some authors have speculated on its presence September 2008 (some records were briefly described in Argentina (Turner & Rose 1989, Fjeldså & Krabbe in Mazar Barnett and Pearman [2001]), including data 1990), but so far, there is no formally published evidence on a specimen which was collected and deposited at the of its presence in the country. During our ornithological Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales, Buenos Aires studies in the provinces of Jujuy, Salta, and San Juan we (MACN). Sound recordings were made with a Sony recorded the species in numerous localities, confirming TCM-5000 EV tape recorder and a Sennheiser ME-66 pre-existing speculations. In this contribution we describe shotgun microphone and are deposited in the Macaulay these records, extending the latitudinal and longitudinal Library of Natural Sounds, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, distribution of the Andean Swallow considerably, and The Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola) in Argentina Juan Mazar Barnett, Germán D. Pugnali, Mark Pearman Morrison, Alejandro Bodrati, Flavio Moschione, Ricardo Clark, Ignacio Roesler, Diego Monteleone, Hernán Casañas, Freddy Burgos Gallardo, José Segovia, Luis Pagano, Hernán Povedano and Juan I. Areta New York, and in the Colección Nacional de Sonidos of its border. The individuals flew around a hole in the Naturales, MACN, Buenos Aires. Coordinates for each bank, with one of them perching on it once. Given locality were obtained with a GPS, through topographical the time of the year, we suspect that the swallows were charts, or from Google Earth. investigating this hole to breed. We could not confirm if the tunnel was excavated by the swallows or not. The Geographic distribution tunnel was located at the base of the cliff, approximately 2 m up, in an area where it became more vertical, just We obtained 68 records of Andean Swallows in 40 below a rock, where the substrate was more humid localities (Table 1). The group observed on 27 September and softer. The entrance was sparsely covered by dense 1997 at Quebrada Sacha Runa (Table 1, record 2) was moss and lichen which grew on the ground. The shape tape recorded. An adult of unknown sex was collected and placement of the nest agreed with that described in this site (specimen number MACN54897), with the by Johnson (1967) and with our previous experience following measurements: wing chord: 107.3 mm, bill (tip of nesting Andean Swallows in northern Chile. On to base of skull): 10.8 mm, bill (tip to anterior border of 16 December 2006 at least five pairs were nesting in nares): 4.8 mm, tarsus: 12.0 mm, and tail: 51 mm. Other low-lying banks at Cochinoca (Table 1, record 24), on documented records include one bird photographed at 4 August 2007 some adults were feeding fledglings at Río Peñas Negras (Table 1, records 4-6) and several tape- Morro del Alisar (Table 1, record 40), and on 4 February recorded at Santa Ana (Table 1, record 25). 2008 some groups contained both adults and juveniles at Abra Honda (Table 1, record 16). Behavioral notes Habitat The species was generally recorded in small groups of 2-10 individuals, although we also recorded single birds and The dominant vegetation in areas where we recorded groups of 40-100 individuals rarely (records 1, 23, 26, Andean Swallows was low montane scrub, generally and 41). At Valle Colorado we observed approximately open, sometimes dry and degraded. In general, Baccharis 100 individuals at dusk on 16 August 1996, flying 1–4 sp. shrubs were abundant in areas with varying humidity m above the Valle Colorado River. Here, groups of up to and cover. We also recorded Andean Swallows in small 25 individuals were observed during the day moving over patches of Polylepis sp. (scarce in the region due to habitat a short section of river back and forth while capturing disturbance by overgrazing and logging), and grasslands insects. Every once in a while, they gathered together, of varying humidity depending on local conditions flew upwards, and circled while vocalizing, resuming (once in Cortaderia selloana), above the treeline (‘ceja de their feeding behavior over the river afterwards. The same bosque’). A few records in foothill and montane Yungas pattern was observed the next day, although the large forests are notable. Among the dry areas, we found the flock now flew 100-200 m above the river. swallows in areas within the Puna Plateau, with dry, low, The vocalizations we heard and recorded were soft and sparse vegetation, on slopes and rocky slopes with warbles, somewhat trilled or of harsh quality: crruí trr- short grass (with some shrubs and Baccharis sp. shrubland rluí? or t’rluíp tzrruíp? in areas with higher humidity), and other typical Puna On numerous occasions, Andean Swallows habitats. The southernmost records also deserve special were observed together with blue-and-white swallow mention, as they occurred in the Monte desert (Cabrera Pygochelidon cyanoleuca, once with a group of Andean 1971), with creosote Larrea sp., C. selloana, and Juncus swift Aeronautes andecolus, and once with barn swallows balticus along a creek (Table 1, records 66-68). Hirundo rustica. We could always distinguish Andean Most of our records of Andean Swallows came from swallows from blue-and-white swallows by the lack of humid river gullies on the east slopes of the sub-Andean dark undertail coverts, squarer and less-forked tail, dark ranges or in humid gullies in other ranges, reaching a total throat patch extending into the upper chest, and less vivid of 26 (65%) localities at the treeline, above the montane blue dorsal coloration in Andean Swallows. Yungas forest (Table 1, Figure 1). However, the species was also found in 14 (35%) localities in the dry Puna or Breeding Altiplano between 2550 and 4000 masl (Table 1, Figure 1). This pattern is remarkable, given that the literature We obtained breeding data at five localities (Table 1). only mentions dry Puna habitats for this species (Turner Three pairs were thought to be breeding at Molulo & Rose 1989, Ridgely & Tudor 1989, Fjeldså & Krabbe in December 1995 (Table 1, record 35). A group at 1990). This distinction is clearly evident in the shading Quebrada Sacha Runa on 27 September 1997 (Table 1, shown in the map by Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990: 534), record 2) flew over a territory roughly 500-m long, either which in southern Bolivia includes only the Altiplano. close to the water or near the ground on the eastern side Nevertheless, S. Mayer (pers. comm.) recorded Andean Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(2), 2014 The Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola) in Argentina Juan Mazar Barnett, Germán D. Pugnali, Mark Pearman Morrison, Alejandro Bodrati, Flavio Moschione, Ricardo Clark, Ignacio Roesler, Diego Monteleone, Hernán Casañas, Freddy Burgos Gallardo, José Segovia, Luis Pagano, Hernán Povedano and Juan I. Areta Swallows in Bolivia in habitats similar to those in which mid-winter, and occurred during some particularly cold we recorded them in Argentina. days, which may indicate that some individuals respond The literature gives a lower altitudinal limit of 2500 to short-term climatic fluctuations. The Andean swallow, masl for Andean Swallows (Turner & Rose 1989, Fjeldså y and three other swallows recorded at PN El Leoncito, Krabbe 1990; but down to 2300 m asl in Hennessey et al. San Juan, were absent during winter in this locality. It 2003). Several of our records represent range extensions is possible that latitudinal movements may explain this of its altitude, with the lowest record at 800 masl (Table pattern, at least in the southernmost populations of the 1, record 37). We also extend the southern distribution species. Nevertheless, it is difficult to judge the movements limit of the species by more than 1100 km (Figure 1). of Andean swallows in Argentina, given that our winter Based on the large number of records presented here, we records span 800 to approximately 4000 masl. suggest that the species is fairly uniformly distributed in north-west Argentina, being locally frequent to common. Final thoughts We predict that the species will be found in the provinces of Catamarca, La Rioja, Tucumán, and Mendoza, which Although the species is considered as locally common, intervene the northernmost and southernmost records it is generally observed in small groups (Ridgely & in Argentina and which have suitable habitats for this Tudor 1989, Fjeldså & Krabbe 1990). Hence, the swallow. finding of groups of some 40-45 individuals at Laguna Los Enamorados and Cieneguillas, and of over 100 Seasonality and migration individuals in Valle Colorado and Río Yala, Jujuy, suggest regular formation of flocks before and after the breeding Records in Argentina spanned all the seasons and occurred season. A large concentration of several thousands was over ten months (there were no records for May and June; reported at Laguna Tacahua, Perú (J. Fjeldså in Turner perhaps due to lack of sampling). We consider the Andean & Rose 1989). Swallow to be a resident species in Argentina, although The population in Argentina seemingly belongs to the it may conceivably make local movements, especially nominate subspecies based on its geographic proximity. elevationally, depending on climatic fluctuations. The name golondrina puneña was coined in the past for Some evidence suggests the existence of at least local the species (Mazar Barnett & Pearman 2001), however, movements. At the Cuesta del Obispo, Salta, a locality we feel that the variety of habitats it uses makes this regularly visited by observers, the species was recorded name inaccurate. We thus suggest the common Spanish during only certain visits. The lowest-elevation record at name golondrina andina, which better reflects its broader 800 masl in PN Calilegua (Table 1, record 37) came from habitats and agrees with its scientific and English names. FIGURE 1. Distribution of Andean swallow Orochelidon andecola in Argentina. Localities are numbered consecutively from north to south (see Table 1 for details). Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(2), 2014 The Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola) in Argentina Juan Mazar Barnett, Germán D. Pugnali, Mark Pearman Morrison, Alejandro Bodrati, Flavio Moschione, Ricardo Clark, Ignacio Roesler, Diego Monteleone, Hernán Casañas, Freddy Burgos Gallardo, José Segovia, Luis Pagano, Hernán Povedano and Juan I. Areta Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(2), 2014 TABLE 1. Details of 68 records of Andean swallow Orochelidon andecola reported in this work, ordered by increasing latitude. Map number refers to numbers in Figure 1. Numbers of each record are the same as those cited in the text. Habitat column indicates D for dry habitats and H for humid habitats. When D or H is in parentheses it indicates intermediate habitat humidity, but closer to the letter being displayed. Geographic Elevation Number of Map Record Locality Date Comments Habitat Observer coordinates (masl) individuals 22°06'S, Flying over sparse, dry, short shrubs on the 1 1 Cieneguillas, Jujuy 3680 4 Jul 2007 40-45 D JIA 65°52'W outskirts of town. Over an open Polylepis sp. woodland, Baccharis sp. shrubland, and ground densely covered by herbaceous vegetation, mosses, JMB, GP and 22°14'S, 27 Sep 1997; 2 2,3 Quebrada Sacha Runa, Salta 2900 5; 5 lichens, and ferns. The group observed in H M. della Seta; 65°02'W 1 Dec 2003 1997 kept a territory and visited a nest on JMB a slope; voices recorded and one individual collected (see text). 6 Aug 1998; Over humid grasslands and shrublands MP and R. 22°15'S, 3 4–6 Río Peñas Negras, Salta 3400 15 Mar 2001; 6 above treeline. One individual H Johnson; MP; 65°05'W 29 Oct 2001 photographed. MP 6 Aug 1998; MP and R. 22°15'S, 3150; Last record of two birds at 3350 masl. 4 7–10 Río Trancas, Salta 13 Aug 2003; 4; 6; 5; 2 H Johnson; MP; 65°03'W 3350 Similar habitat to previous record. 2 Dec 2003 (x2) JMB; JMB 22°15'S, Between Rodeo Pampa and 65°03'W– 3050– Groups above river gullies, mostly on 5 11–12 4–6 Aug 2003 2–6 HIR Sta. Victoria, Salta 22°15'S, 2400 montane shrubland with few Polylepis sp. 64°58'W Flying over a small shrubby quebrada with JMB, GDP 26 Sep 1997 22°15'S, a small patch of open Polylepis woodland; and M. della 6 13–15 W of Santa Victoria, Salta 2650 (x2); 4; 5; 2 H 65°00'W another group in the higher parts of an Seta (x2); 1 Dec 2003 abrupt cliff over the Santa Victoria river. JMB Abra Honda, Santa Victoria 22º15'S Flying over a group of houses. Groups with 716 2725 4 Feb 2008 4-13 H FBG Oeste, Salta 64º56'W adults and juveniles. Between Santa Victoria and c. 22°16'S, 2400– MP and R. 817 7 Aug 1998 15 Disperse individuals. D Acoite, Salta 65°00'W 2550 Johnson 22°16'S, 9 18 Above Piscuno, Salta 3300 5 Dec 2003 1 Over dry and rocky slopes with short grass. D JMB 64°55'W The Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola) in Argentina Juan Mazar Barnett, Germán D. Pugnali, Mark Pearman Morrison, Alejandro Bodrati, Flavio Moschione, Ricardo Clark, Ignacio Roesler, Diego Monteleone, Hernán Casañas, Freddy Burgos Gallardo, José Segovia, Luis Pagano, Hernán Povedano and Juan I. Areta Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(2), 2014 Geographic Elevation Number of Map Record Locality Date Comments Habitat Observer coordinates (masl) individuals 22°18'S, Shallow quebrada with high-Andean 10 19 El Chorro, Salta 3200 3 Dec 2003 1 D JMB 64°56'W vegetation, Baccharis sp., and shrubs. 22°18'S, Deep and humid quebrada with humid Quebrada del arroyo Cañaní, 64°54'W; 2900; 3 Dec 2003; 11 20-21 3 grasslands in humid patches of Baccharis sp. H JMB Salta 22°19'S, 2700 5 Dec 2003 and Polylepis sp. 64°53'W Tipajo, Santa Victoria Oeste, 22º18'S 12 22 2939 7 Feb 2008 3 Above Arroyo Tipajo. H FBG Salta 64º53'W Laguna Los Enamorados, 22º43'S, In flight over a dry area with few sparse 13 23 3470 6 Oct 2003 40-45 D JIA Abra Pampa, Jujuy 65º42'W shrubs. 23º11'S At least 5 pairs nesting on a natural wall c. 3 14 24 Santa Ana, Cochinoca, Jujuy 4079 16 Dec 2006 10+ DIR 65º12'W m high, with holes 2 m above the ground. Santa Ana, Valle Grande, 23°19'S, Over a dry creek; rocky area covered by 15 25 3500 20 Aug 1996 8 D JMB Jujuy 65°03'W grasses. Tape-recorded. 23°21'S, 16 26-27 Caspalá, Jujuy 3070 Jan 1996 3; 16 D HP 65°5'W From 2 km S of the town, in the town, JMB, AB, 23°26'S, 1800– 16–18 Aug 1996; 10; 25; 20-40 and on slopes above it. Montane scrub and G. 17 28–32 Valle Colorado, Jujuy H 64°59'W 1900 21 Jul 2000 +100 (x2) somewhat dry and degraded. In 2000 > 100 Bodrati (x3); individuals, perhaps the same as in 1996. IR and DM Valle Grande, Jujuy 23°28'S, 18 33 1650 20 Jul 2000 5 Over disturbed montane forest. H IR 64°59'W On the valley of a creek with dense montane Between Alto Calilegua and 23°31'S, 19 34 c. 1800 19 Jul 2000 2 scrub and open montane forest. H IR Valle Grande, Jujuy 64°58'W 23°34'S, Group of six, consisted of three pairs 20 35-36 Molulo, Jujuy 3000 Dec 1995 6; 12 HHP 65° 9'W apparently nesting. Aguas Negras, PN Calilegua, 23°42'S, In flight over a steep wall on a river with AB and K. 21 37 c. 800 6 Aug 2003 2 H Jujuy 64°49'W pedemontane forest in the Yungas foothills. Cockle The Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola) in Argentina Juan Mazar Barnett, Germán D. Pugnali, Mark Pearman Morrison, Alejandro Bodrati, Flavio Moschione, Ricardo Clark, Ignacio Roesler, Diego Monteleone, Hernán Casañas, Freddy Burgos Gallardo, José Segovia, Luis Pagano, Hernán Povedano and Juan I. Areta Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(2), 2014 Geographic Elevation Number of Map Record Locality Date Comments Habitat Observer coordinates (masl) individuals D. J. Stejskal 23°51'S, 22 38 1 km N of Tumbaya, Jujuy 2150 18 Nov 1997 1 Over humid Prepuna scrubland. (D) and J. 65°29'W Rowlett Abra de Manantiales,Volcán, 23º54'S 23 39 2295 19 Mar 2006 24+ Humid scrub, flying over water courses. H FBG Jujuy 65º28'W Morro del Alisar, Lozano, 24º04'S Adults feeding young birds, flying over the 24 40 1789 4 Aug 2007 18+,6+,15+ H FBG Jujuy 65º27'W river. 24°04'S, Where the river crosses the Ruta Nacional 9, RC and D. 25 41 Río Lozano, Jujuy 1550 18 Aug 1993 20 (H) 65°25'W on somewhat degraded montane forest. Holman 24º04'S 26 42 La Ollada, Lozano, Jujuy 1976 6 Aug 2007 7,4+ Quebradas de Sevenguillar. H FBG 65º25'W Salto Alto, Quebrada de 24º04'S 27 43 3320 2 Aug 2008 2-5 On the waterfall. H FBG Lozano, Jujuy 65º28'W RC and 24°07'S, 12 nov 1995; First group over the river; second group D. Finch; 28 44-45 Río Yala, Jujuy 1500 20; c. 100 H 65°24'W 26 Mar 2003 above the cerros in the quebrada de Yala. RC and M. Mosqueira GDP, L. 24°11'S, 12 and14 Jul Disturbed transitional scrub around the Segura and 29 46 Guerrero, Jujuy 1550 20 (H) 65°27'W 2003 town. H. Rodríguez Goñi Loma del Antigal, Guerrero, 24º13'S 30 47 2342 31 Jan 2008 6+ Montane prairie. H FBG Jujuy 65º30'W Vega del Tocomar, W of 24°11'S, Flying over a bog (vega) grazed by lamas 31 48 3500 18 Feb 1996 1 DRC Abra de Chorrillos, Salta 66°34'W (Lama guanicoe). Cerro Alto Campanario, San 24º26'S 32 49 2375 10 Apr 2003 3-7 Flying over the “peña.” H FBG Antonio, Jujuy 65º27'W Quebrada Cuesta Grande, 24º40'S 33 50 2120 19 Sep 2008 3 Flying over a river slope. H FBG Salta 65º35'W The Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola) in Argentina Juan Mazar Barnett, Germán D. Pugnali, Mark Pearman Morrison, Alejandro Bodrati, Flavio Moschione, Ricardo Clark, Ignacio Roesler, Diego Monteleone, Hernán Casañas, Freddy Burgos Gallardo, José Segovia, Luis Pagano, Hernán Povedano and Juan I. Areta Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(2), 2014 Geographic Elevation Number of Map Record Locality Date Comments Habitat Observer coordinates (masl) individuals Cerro Bola, Rosario de 24º50'S 34 51 2050 18 Sep 2008 1 Prepuna scrub with abundant cacti. H FBG Lerma, Salta 65º44'W Cerro Malcante, PN Los 25°04'S, c. 4000 16 Sep 1994 Open Puna with rocky ground and sparse 35 52,53 3,8 D RC, HC Cardones, Salta 65°52'W 3500 11 Nov 2003 dry vegetation. RP 33, Salta, Peña El MP; 25º10'S 2700 12 Aug 2000 Near San Martin, on a humid quebrada 36 54,55 Caracol, Cuesta del Obispo, 4,2 H AB, and K. 65º50'W 2900 13 Aug 2003 with Cortaderia selloana. Salta Cockle Flying over slopes with degraded humid 24 Apr 2002(x2) JMB, GDP, montane shrubland and grassland. 25°11'S, 2700 11 Dec 2006, 10 (x2); 4 HC, and L. 37 56-62 Cuesta del Obispo Generally in pairs or small groups. Together H 65°49'W; 2500 Jan 2007-Jan 10 Cuenca (x2); with blue-and-white swallows (Pygochelidon 2008 IR and EJ cyanoleuca). Paraje Agua del Godo, PN 29°15'S, Above the arroyo San Guillermo in Puna 38 63-64 3200 2 Apr 1999 (x2); 2; 1 (x2) DAB San Guillermo, San Juan 69°21'W; habitat. 3 km N of PN San 29°13'S, 39 65 3200 3 Apr 1999 2,1 Puna habitat. D AB Guillermo, San Juan 69°21'W Southernmost records. The first locality was Arroyo Leoncito, arroyo a narrow humid quebrada in the “nacientes” AB (x2); del Medio, and arroyo de 31°46'S, 2550; 13, 17 and 19 40 66-68 2; 1; 2 of the creek, with abundant Larrea sp., C. D AB and E. Adentro, PN El Leoncito, 69°21'W 3200 Jan 1999 selloana, and Juncus balticus. The last locality Mérida San Juan is the highest one. The Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola) in Argentina Juan Mazar Barnett, Germán D. Pugnali, Mark Pearman Morrison, Alejandro Bodrati, Flavio Moschione, Ricardo Clark, Ignacio Roesler, Diego Monteleone, Hernán Casañas, Freddy Burgos Gallardo, José Segovia, Luis Pagano, Hernán Povedano and Juan I. Areta Fjeldså, J. & Krabbe, N. 1990. Birds of the high Andes. Svendborg: ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, and Apollo Books. To Sjoerd Mayer who shared his knowledge on this and Hennessey, A. B.; Herzog, S. K. & Sagot F. 2003. Lista anotada other species in Bolivia. To Marco della Seta, Liliana de las aves de Bolivia. Quinta edición. Santa Cruz de la Sierra: Asociación Armonía/BirdLife International. Cuenca, Luis Segura, Hernán Rodríguez Goñi, Richard Johnson, A. W. 1967. The birds of Chile and adjacent regions Johnson, Mario Mosqueira, Emilse Mérida, Kristina of Argentina, Bolivia and Peru, v. 2. Buenos Aires: Platt Cockle and others who shared our experiences with Establecimientos Gráficos. Andean Swallows. Gustavo S. Cabanne and an anonymous Mazar Barnett, J. & Pearman, M. 2001. Lista comentada de las aves reviewer provided helpful comments on the manuscript. argentinas. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. Ridgely, R. S. & Tudor, G. 1989. The birds of South America, v. 1. Austin: University of Texas Press. Turner, A. & Rose, C. 1989. A handbook to the swallows and martins REFERENCES of the world. London: Christopher Helm. Cabrera, A. 1971. Fitogeografía de la República Argentina. Boletín de Associate Editor: Luciano N. Naka la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica 14. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(2), 2014

Journal

Ornithology ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2014

Keywords: altitudinal distribution; geographical distribution; Orochelidon andecola; natural history; seasonal movements

References