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Some properties for the estimators in linear mixed models

Some properties for the estimators in linear mixed models Linear mixed models (LMMs) have become an important statistical method for analyzing cluster or longitudinal data. In most cases, it is assumed that the distributions of the random effects and the errors are normal. This paper removes this restrictions and replace them by the moment conditions. We show that the least square estimators of fixed effects are consistent and asymptotically normal in general LMMs. A closed-form estimator of the covariance matrix for the random effect is constructed and its consistent is shown. Based on this, the consistent estimate for the error variance is also obtained. A simulation study and a real data analysis show that the procedure is effective. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica Springer Journals

Some properties for the estimators in linear mixed models

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Institute of Applied Mathematics, Academy of Mathematics and System Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Mathematics; Applications of Mathematics; Math Applications in Computer Science; Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
ISSN
0168-9673
eISSN
1618-3932
DOI
10.1007/s10255-011-0067-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Linear mixed models (LMMs) have become an important statistical method for analyzing cluster or longitudinal data. In most cases, it is assumed that the distributions of the random effects and the errors are normal. This paper removes this restrictions and replace them by the moment conditions. We show that the least square estimators of fixed effects are consistent and asymptotically normal in general LMMs. A closed-form estimator of the covariance matrix for the random effect is constructed and its consistent is shown. Based on this, the consistent estimate for the error variance is also obtained. A simulation study and a real data analysis show that the procedure is effective.

Journal

Acta Mathematicae Applicatae SinicaSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 7, 2011

References