Many studies have already found differences between male and female students in various motivational variables. With regard to the stereotypes associated to different school subjects, boys usually are more motivated in math or sciences whereas girls score higher in verbal subjects such as languages. Studies investigating sex differences in achievement goals have yielded conflicting results. Furthermore, studies are rare that investigate sex differences in achievement goals in different domains. Therefore, we analyzed sex differences by focusing on achievement goals for school in general and six different school subjects (math, German, English, physics, history, chemistry). Two different samples of high school students were * Linda Wirthwein Linda.Wirthwein@tu-dortmund.de Jörn R. Sparfeldt firstname.lastname@example.org Anke Heyder Anke.Heyder@tu-dortmund.de Susanne R. Buch email@example.com Detlef H. Rost firstname.lastname@example.org Ricarda Steinmayr Ricarda.Steinmayr@tu-dortmund.de Technische Universität Dortmund, Emil-Figge-Straße 50, 44139 Dortmund, Germany Universität des Saarlandes, Campus A5 4, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany Bergische Universität Wuppertal, Gaußstr. 20, 42119 Wuppertal, Germany Southwest University Chongqing, Chongqing, People’sRepublicof China Philipps-Universität Marburg, Gutenbergstr. 18, 35032 Marburg, Germany L. Wirthwein et al. investigated in two studies (N =425; N = 1210). As a prerequisite for examining latent mean 1 2 differences, the measurement invariance of the questionnaire assessing achievement goals for males and females was
European Journal of Psychology of Education – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 17, 2019
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