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IntroductionWith the availability of an increasing number of therapeutic options for advanced prostate cancer (APC), optimal sequencing and combination of therapies have emerged to be the areas of challenges. In the Indian context, there is a dearth of consensus recommendations to guide clinicians regarding optimal sequencing of therapy in APC management. A Delphi-based consensus regarding optimal therapy sequencing in APC management was developed by an expert panel of medical oncologists from across India.MethodsAn expert scientific committee of 11 medical oncologists and an expert panel of 53 medical oncologists from India constituted the panel for the Delphi consensus. In the first phase, a questionnaire with 41 clinical statements was developed in several critical controversial areas in APC treatment. In the second phase, 29 clinical statements were reworked and sent to eight experts to obtain their opinions on best practices. The consensus ratings were based on a 9-point Likert scale. Based on the overall response, statements with a mean score of ≥ 7 with 1 outlier were considered as “consensus.”ResultsDegarelix was the preferred androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). While ADT plus docetaxel was the preferred option for metastatic castrate-sensitive/naïve prostate cancer patients with high-volume disease, ADT with abiraterone was the preferred choice for low-volume disease. Docetaxel was the preferred first-line treatment option in men who received ADT alone in the castrate-sensitive/naïve setting. For patients progressing on or after docetaxel for metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (without prior abiraterone or enzalutamide), the experts reached a consensus on the use of enzalutamide as the preferred second-line treatment option. No consensus was reached for the third-line treatment options.ConclusionThis article is intended to serve as a guide to help clinicians discuss with their patients as part of the shared and multidisciplinary decision-making for improved APC management in India.
Oncology and Therapy – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 1, 2022
Keywords: Advanced prostate cancer; Androgen deprivation therapy; Castrate-sensitive prostate cancer; Castrate-resistant prostate cancer; Consensus; Delphi; India
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