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Rennet coagulation properties of milk in the presence of oil droplets stabilised by a combination of sodium caseinate and whey protein isolate

Rennet coagulation properties of milk in the presence of oil droplets stabilised by a combination... This manuscript describes the in situ investigation of the rennet-induced aggregation of skim milk recombined with emulsion droplets stabilised with whey protein isolate (WPI) and sodium caseinate (NaCas) in isolation or in combination. The experiments were conducted with two levels of rennet as well as with and without added CaCl2. Diffusing wave spectroscopy and small deformation rheology were used to follow the gelation behaviour. In addition, scanning electron microscopy was employed to observe changes in the aggregation state of the oil droplets. We report that the presence of WPI-stabilised droplets did not alter the gelation behaviour of the casein micelles in recombined milks, even in the presence of added CaCl2. In contrast, NaCas-stabilised droplets in solution impaired the rennetability of the recombined milk, even after the addition of CaCl2. The mixture of both proteins at the interface was also investigated. When the WPI covering the fat droplets was gradually and systematically substituted by NaCas, any amount over 30% also impaired the rennetability of the milks. It was speculated that the increased steric repulsion of the oil droplets in conjunction with an increase in NaCas present in the serum phase in the recombined milks were the most likely contributors to the impaired rennetability of the casein micelles. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Dairy Science & Technology Springer Journals

Rennet coagulation properties of milk in the presence of oil droplets stabilised by a combination of sodium caseinate and whey protein isolate

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by INRA and Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Chemistry; Microbiology; Agriculture; Food Science
ISSN
1958-5586
eISSN
1958-5594
DOI
10.1007/s13594-011-0032-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This manuscript describes the in situ investigation of the rennet-induced aggregation of skim milk recombined with emulsion droplets stabilised with whey protein isolate (WPI) and sodium caseinate (NaCas) in isolation or in combination. The experiments were conducted with two levels of rennet as well as with and without added CaCl2. Diffusing wave spectroscopy and small deformation rheology were used to follow the gelation behaviour. In addition, scanning electron microscopy was employed to observe changes in the aggregation state of the oil droplets. We report that the presence of WPI-stabilised droplets did not alter the gelation behaviour of the casein micelles in recombined milks, even in the presence of added CaCl2. In contrast, NaCas-stabilised droplets in solution impaired the rennetability of the recombined milk, even after the addition of CaCl2. The mixture of both proteins at the interface was also investigated. When the WPI covering the fat droplets was gradually and systematically substituted by NaCas, any amount over 30% also impaired the rennetability of the milks. It was speculated that the increased steric repulsion of the oil droplets in conjunction with an increase in NaCas present in the serum phase in the recombined milks were the most likely contributors to the impaired rennetability of the casein micelles.

Journal

Dairy Science & TechnologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 16, 2011

References