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Relationship of Diet and Addiction with Gall Bladder Carcinoma—a Case–Control Study at a Tertiary Health Care Centre, India

Relationship of Diet and Addiction with Gall Bladder Carcinoma—a Case–Control Study at a Tertiary... Some dietary elements, tobacco use, have long been suspected as risk factors for gall bladder carcinoma. The objective of the study was to describe the dietary pattern of the patients with gall bladder carcinoma and to compare the dietary ingredients, and addiction between the cases and controls. Fifty-six gall bladder carcinoma cases and 56 matched controls were compared for diet and addiction patterns. Fried food, junk food, vanaspati, frozen fish, dried fish, red meat, kheer, milled mustard oil, puffed rice containing urea, chili powder, less water consumption, extra salt, tobacco exposure, betel leaf, and alcohol consumption were significantly related with gall bladder carcinoma. Green tea, sunflower oil, butter, ghee, fish intake more than twice weekly, sea fish, packaged milk, some fruits, and vegetables were found protective. Some dietary elements and addiction are related to gall bladder carcinoma, whereas some food items have a protective role. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology Springer Journals

Relationship of Diet and Addiction with Gall Bladder Carcinoma—a Case–Control Study at a Tertiary Health Care Centre, India

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Indian Association of Surgical Oncology 2021
ISSN
0975-7651
eISSN
0976-6952
DOI
10.1007/s13193-021-01480-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Some dietary elements, tobacco use, have long been suspected as risk factors for gall bladder carcinoma. The objective of the study was to describe the dietary pattern of the patients with gall bladder carcinoma and to compare the dietary ingredients, and addiction between the cases and controls. Fifty-six gall bladder carcinoma cases and 56 matched controls were compared for diet and addiction patterns. Fried food, junk food, vanaspati, frozen fish, dried fish, red meat, kheer, milled mustard oil, puffed rice containing urea, chili powder, less water consumption, extra salt, tobacco exposure, betel leaf, and alcohol consumption were significantly related with gall bladder carcinoma. Green tea, sunflower oil, butter, ghee, fish intake more than twice weekly, sea fish, packaged milk, some fruits, and vegetables were found protective. Some dietary elements and addiction are related to gall bladder carcinoma, whereas some food items have a protective role.

Journal

Indian Journal of Surgical OncologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 4, 2022

Keywords: Carcinoma of the gall bladder; Dietary factors; Addiction; Case–control study

References