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Reinforcement accounts for transitive inference performance

Reinforcement accounts for transitive inference performance Transitive inference is the ability, given thatA >B andB >C, to infer thatA >C. Pigeons, rats, chimpanzees, squirrel monkeys, and humans as young as 4 years have all been shown capable of this. In this paper, simple associative learning models are explored as accounts of nonverbal transitive inference performance. A Bush-Mosteller-based model can account for transitive inference under limited conditions. A Rescorla-Wagner-based model can account for transitive inference under all conditions in the literature, but cannot account for some additional nontransitive tests. A final configural model can also account for these nontransitive data. The ability of this model to account for transitive inference formation in humans is also considered. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Learning & Behavior Springer Journals

Reinforcement accounts for transitive inference performance

Learning & Behavior , Volume 23 (2) – Dec 28, 2010

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References (56)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright
Subject
Psychology; Psychology, general; Neurosciences
ISSN
1543-4494
eISSN
1532-5830
DOI
10.3758/BF03199936
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Transitive inference is the ability, given thatA >B andB >C, to infer thatA >C. Pigeons, rats, chimpanzees, squirrel monkeys, and humans as young as 4 years have all been shown capable of this. In this paper, simple associative learning models are explored as accounts of nonverbal transitive inference performance. A Bush-Mosteller-based model can account for transitive inference under limited conditions. A Rescorla-Wagner-based model can account for transitive inference under all conditions in the literature, but cannot account for some additional nontransitive tests. A final configural model can also account for these nontransitive data. The ability of this model to account for transitive inference formation in humans is also considered.

Journal

Learning & BehaviorSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 28, 2010

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