Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Prediction of drying of dairy products using a modified balance-based desorption method

Prediction of drying of dairy products using a modified balance-based desorption method A desorption method based on a thermodynamic approach has recently been developed to evaluate the behaviour of dairy concentrates during drying. Involving overall heat and mass balance throughout the dryer, this approach can determine several key gas-feed parameters for industrial spray-drying processes. Spray-drying software (SD2P®) was then designed following this approach to predict the optimal inlet drying air temperatures with acceptable accuracy (95–99% accuracy) for spray-drying of dairy products. However, the mass change of the sample was indirectly determined from the change in the relative humidity of the air during desorption, which could be a source of error below the detection threshold of the thermo-hygrometric sensor. In order to measure directly the mass change during drying by desorption, a modified drying-by-desorption method was investigated in this study. The novel method used a precise microbalance and a modified desorption cell which permitted measurement of the mass change of the sample and the relative humidity of the air at the same time. Different materials (water, skim milk, infant formulae, etc.) were tested using this new method. The results obtained with direct (microbalance) and indirect (thermo-hygrometer) measurements were found to be highly consistent (coefficient of determination 1). This confirmed that the mass change estimation by the original desorption method was correct overall under current conditions. Moreover, the proposed new desorption method makes it possible to monitor water transfer with constant accuracy over the entire desorption process, thus permitting reliable study of the mass transfer phenomena throughout experiments. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Dairy Science & Technology Springer Journals

Prediction of drying of dairy products using a modified balance-based desorption method

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer-journals/prediction-of-drying-of-dairy-products-using-a-modified-balance-based-q65mnAc0R0
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by INRA and Springer-Verlag France
Subject
Chemistry; Food Science; Agriculture; Microbiology
ISSN
1958-5586
eISSN
1958-5594
DOI
10.1007/s13594-012-0099-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A desorption method based on a thermodynamic approach has recently been developed to evaluate the behaviour of dairy concentrates during drying. Involving overall heat and mass balance throughout the dryer, this approach can determine several key gas-feed parameters for industrial spray-drying processes. Spray-drying software (SD2P®) was then designed following this approach to predict the optimal inlet drying air temperatures with acceptable accuracy (95–99% accuracy) for spray-drying of dairy products. However, the mass change of the sample was indirectly determined from the change in the relative humidity of the air during desorption, which could be a source of error below the detection threshold of the thermo-hygrometric sensor. In order to measure directly the mass change during drying by desorption, a modified drying-by-desorption method was investigated in this study. The novel method used a precise microbalance and a modified desorption cell which permitted measurement of the mass change of the sample and the relative humidity of the air at the same time. Different materials (water, skim milk, infant formulae, etc.) were tested using this new method. The results obtained with direct (microbalance) and indirect (thermo-hygrometer) measurements were found to be highly consistent (coefficient of determination 1). This confirmed that the mass change estimation by the original desorption method was correct overall under current conditions. Moreover, the proposed new desorption method makes it possible to monitor water transfer with constant accuracy over the entire desorption process, thus permitting reliable study of the mass transfer phenomena throughout experiments.

Journal

Dairy Science & TechnologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2013

References