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Phytophthora cinnamomi in native vegetation communities of southern Victoria — morphological variation and paragyny among isolates

Phytophthora cinnamomi in native vegetation communities of southern Victoria — morphological... Morphology has often been used as an indicator of variability with in species. The present study investigated morphological and physiological characteristics of isolates of Phytophthora cinnamomi collected from diseased vegetation communities at Anglesea, Victoria, and isolates collected from other regions in the State. Characteristics studied included growth rate on potato-dextrose agar (PDA), corn-meal agar and V8-juice agar at 24°C, growth rate on V8 aga r at 15°C , colony morphology on PDA, sporangial and gametangial morphology, sporangial production and mating type. Phenotypic variation was demonstrated in radial growth rate, colony morphology and sporangial dimensions. Sporangial and oogonial dimensions and sporangial production were not significantly different between isolates from different geographical regions. All isolates were found to be of the A2 mating type suggesting variation was derived asexually. Paragynal associations, in an organism characteristically defined as amphigynal, were observed following crossing with A1 isolates. This is the first such study undertaken in southern Victoria. The findings highlight the importance of appropriate management of an area of such high conservation value as the Anglesea Heath to contain the current infection and to prevent introduction of new isolates into the area. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Australasian Plant Pathology Springer Journals

Phytophthora cinnamomi in native vegetation communities of southern Victoria — morphological variation and paragyny among isolates

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Australasian Plant Pathology Society
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Plant Sciences; Agriculture; Entomology; Ecology
ISSN
0815-3191
eISSN
1448-6032
DOI
10.1071/AP03041
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Morphology has often been used as an indicator of variability with in species. The present study investigated morphological and physiological characteristics of isolates of Phytophthora cinnamomi collected from diseased vegetation communities at Anglesea, Victoria, and isolates collected from other regions in the State. Characteristics studied included growth rate on potato-dextrose agar (PDA), corn-meal agar and V8-juice agar at 24°C, growth rate on V8 aga r at 15°C , colony morphology on PDA, sporangial and gametangial morphology, sporangial production and mating type. Phenotypic variation was demonstrated in radial growth rate, colony morphology and sporangial dimensions. Sporangial and oogonial dimensions and sporangial production were not significantly different between isolates from different geographical regions. All isolates were found to be of the A2 mating type suggesting variation was derived asexually. Paragynal associations, in an organism characteristically defined as amphigynal, were observed following crossing with A1 isolates. This is the first such study undertaken in southern Victoria. The findings highlight the importance of appropriate management of an area of such high conservation value as the Anglesea Heath to contain the current infection and to prevent introduction of new isolates into the area.

Journal

Australasian Plant PathologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 28, 2011

References