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Pediatric Sleep Medicine Cases

Pediatric Sleep Medicine Cases Purpose of the ReviewIn this review, we will discuss commonly encountered pediatric sleep disorders, their clinical presentations, evaluation, and management.Recent FindingsSleep problems are common complaints in the pediatric population with an estimated prevalence of at least 25%. This review examines frequently seen pediatric sleep disorders including insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, hypersomnolence, circadian rhythm sleep–wake disorders, parasomnias, and movement disorders. Their clinical manifestations vary, but left untreated, these sleep disorders result in significant impairment. A detailed sleep history is key component in the evaluation process. Other useful tools include sleep diaries, questionnaires, and actigraphy. Polysomnography is often required for diagnosis. Treatment varies depending on the underlying sleep disorder. Pharmacologic treatment is often limited due to the lack of studies of safety and efficacy in the pediatric population.SummarySleep disorders are commonly encountered in the pediatric population. Their clinical manifestations vary, though without treatment, many result in significant impairment. Detailed sleep history is an essential part of the evaluation process, though polysomnography is often required. Treatment depends on the underlying diagnosis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Sleep Medicine Reports Springer Journals

Pediatric Sleep Medicine Cases

Current Sleep Medicine Reports , Volume 8 (2) – Jun 1, 2022

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022
eISSN
2198-6401
DOI
10.1007/s40675-022-00223-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of the ReviewIn this review, we will discuss commonly encountered pediatric sleep disorders, their clinical presentations, evaluation, and management.Recent FindingsSleep problems are common complaints in the pediatric population with an estimated prevalence of at least 25%. This review examines frequently seen pediatric sleep disorders including insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, hypersomnolence, circadian rhythm sleep–wake disorders, parasomnias, and movement disorders. Their clinical manifestations vary, but left untreated, these sleep disorders result in significant impairment. A detailed sleep history is key component in the evaluation process. Other useful tools include sleep diaries, questionnaires, and actigraphy. Polysomnography is often required for diagnosis. Treatment varies depending on the underlying sleep disorder. Pharmacologic treatment is often limited due to the lack of studies of safety and efficacy in the pediatric population.SummarySleep disorders are commonly encountered in the pediatric population. Their clinical manifestations vary, though without treatment, many result in significant impairment. Detailed sleep history is an essential part of the evaluation process, though polysomnography is often required. Treatment depends on the underlying diagnosis.

Journal

Current Sleep Medicine ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2022

Keywords: Pediatrics; Childhood insomnia; Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea; Narcolepsy; Klein-Levin syndrome; Delayed sleep–wake phase disorder; Restless legs syndrome; Abnormal movements in sleep

References