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New records of Sporophila nigrorufa (D’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) in Brazilian Cerrado and Pantanal

New records of Sporophila nigrorufa (D’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) in Brazilian Cerrado and Pantanal Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(3), 357-359 SHORT-COMMUNICATION September 2015 New records of Sporophila nigrorufa a (D’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) in Brazilian Cerrado and Pantanal ,3 Francisco Severo-Neto¹ , Alyson Vieira de Melo² and Franco Leandro Souza¹ ¹ Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Cidade Universitária, CEP 79070-700, Campo Grande, MS, Brazil ² Brazil Expeditions & Safari Tours, Rua Soldado Desconhecido, 580, CEP 790290-000, Bonito, MS, Brazil. Corresponding author: netosevero@hotmail.com Received on 16 March 2015. Accepted on 2 April 2015. ABSTRACT T T: Th e Black-and-tawny Seedeater, Sporophila nigrorufa, is an endangered species and one of the rarest seedeaters found in Brazil’s Pantanal and Cerrado. Although its distribution range encompasses Bolivia and Brazil, few sites harbor this species in both countries. In Brazilian territory, this species was recorded at only three sites. Here, we report on two new documented observations from Mato Grosso do Sul State, in the Pantanal and easternmost Brazilian Cerrado. K K KE E EY-WORDS: Conservation, native grasslands, range extension, seedeater, Thraupidae. From the 32 Sporophila Brazilian species, 17 are found the WikiAves website (Figure1; Melo 2014, Severo- in the Pantanal and Cerrado domains (Sigrist 2009, Neto 2014). A male in eclipse plumage (Figure 2A) was Nunes 2011, CBRO 2014). Th ese Th raupidae are usually observed in the morning of 4 April 2014 in a pasture associated with natural grasslands where they feed and area with lagoons and marshes at Terenos (20°30'46"S, breed. Th ese habitats are threatened by conversion to 54°48'34"W). The individual was fora ging in a mixed agriculture or conversion of natural vegetation into exotic fl ock of seedeaters, including S. palustris, S. cinnamomea pasture. As a consequence of these landscape alterations, and S. pileata. Th e species were recorded in a fi eld with nearly 50% of Sporophila a species inhabiting these dominance of both native ( ( (Andropogon sp.) and exotic environments are, to some degree, threatened (Nunes grasses (Urochloa a sp.). 2010, ICMBIO 2014). One of the least known Sporophila species is the Black- and-tawny Seedeater, Sporophila nigrorufa a (D’Orbigny & Lafresnaye 1837), categorized as Vulnerable (ICMBIO 2014, IUCN 2014). The earliest records of this s pecies date back to the 19th century when it was found in western Mato Grosso State and eastern Bolivian cerrados (Pelzeln 1868-1871). Its current distribution comprises eight localities in Bolivia and three in Brazil (Willis & Oniki 1990, Silveira & D´Horta 2002, Birdlife International 2014). In 2008, Güller (2008) published the fi rst record to Argentina from the Parque Nacional Lihué Calel, La Pampa Province, rejected by Kirwan & Areta (2014) who considered it a Cooper Seedeater (Sporophila bouvreuilll). Cestari (2006) presented the first record to Brazilian Pantanal, in the Nhecolândia subregion, but without any FIGURE 1. Records of Sporophila nigrorufa a (Acronym of Brazilian documentation. Here we present two new documented states: MS-Mato Grosso do Sul; MT-Mato Grosso). Letters represent records for Mato Grosso do Sul State, in the Pantanal and previous modern records (A - Herrera & Maillard 2007, B – Davis easternmost Brazilian Cerrado. 1993, C – Silveira & D´Horta 2002, D - Cestari 2006) whereas Both records occurred in Mato Grosso do Sul colored circles represent the new records to Mato Grosso do Sul State State and the digital vouchers were first published in (blue= Corumbá / red=Terenos). New records of Sporophila nigrorufa (D’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) in Brazilian Cerrado and Pantanal Francisco Severo-Neto, Alyson Vieira de Melo and Franco Leandro Souza A male with prenuptial plumage was photographed in Terenos, at this site both native and exotic grasses (Figure 2 B) in the morning of 4 November 2014 at were present, and we recorded adults and juveniles of São Bento Farm, Abobral Pantanal subregion, Corumbá Sporophila collaris s nearby. (19°29'49"S, 56°59'32"W). As previously recorded FIGURE 2. Digital vouchers of Sporophila nigrorufa recorded in Mato Grosso do Sul State. (A) Male in eclipse plumage recorded in Terenos (A.L. Melo). (B) Male with partial prenuptial plumage recorded in Corumbá (F. L. Souza). Th e record from Terenos extends the distribution ACKNOWLEDGMENTS range of Sporophila nigrorufa a about 800 km in a straight line to the site with the highest density of S. nigrorufa a in Th e authors thank Vitor Piacentini and Renato Moreira Brazil, Vila Bela da Santíssima Trindade city and 185 km for confi rming species identifi cation and to Alessandro from the nearest known record, made by Cestari (2006). Pacheco Nunes by review the manuscript. FSN and It is noteworthy that this last record occurred during FLS thank Celso, the manager of São Bento farm, for November, typically the end of the dry season in the permission to conduct fi eldwork. Pantanal wetlands and the onset of rainfall. This recor d adds evidence to the previous undocumented record for REFERENCES the same period in the area and confirms the s pecies to the Pantanal, reallocating it to the primary list (Tubelis & Birdlife International. 2014. Black-and-tawny Seedeater Tomas 2003, Cestari 2006, Nunes 2011). Sporophila nigrorufa. http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/ Although this manuscript helped to elucidate the factsheet/22723468 (access on 02 March 2015). Cestari, C. 2006. Novos registros de aves do gênero Sporophila a para o record of S. nigrorufa a from the Pantanal and expanded Pantanal. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 129: 7. its present range, more efforts, such as avian inventories CBRO – Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos. 2014. in grasslands areas, banding and capture/recapture http://cbro.org.br/ proceedings, are needed to clarify the Sporophila nigrorufa Davis, S. E. 1993. Seasonal status, relative abundance, and behavior of the birds of Concepción, Departamento Santa Cruz, Bolivia. migratory movements in South America. Fieldiana Zoology 71. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(3), 2015 New records of Sporophila nigrorufa (D’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) in Brazilian Cerrado and Pantanal Francisco Severo-Neto, Alyson Vieira de Melo and Franco Leandro Souza Herrera, M. & Maillard, O. 2007. Registros significativos de aves Pelzeln, A. von. 1868-1871. Zur Ornithologie Brasiliens Resultate von para el departamento del Beni, Bolivia. Kempffiana 3: 28-34. Johann Natterer Reisen in den Jahren 1817-1835. 3 vols. Wien, ICMBIO – Instituto Chico Mendes de conservação da Pichler’s Witwe & Sohn. Biodiversidade. 2014. http://www.icmbio.gov.br/portal/ Severo-Neto, F. 2014. [WA1592883, Sporophila nigrorufa a (d’Orbigny biodiversidade/fauna-brasileira/lista-de-especies.html (access on & Lafresnaye, 1837)]. Wiki Aves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do 20 February 2015). Brasil. http://www.wikiaves.com/1592883 (acess on 19 March IUCN - International Union for Conservation of Nature 2015). and Natural Resources. 2014. http://www.iucnredlist.org/ Silveira, L. F. & D’Horta, F. M. 2002. A avifauna da região de Vila details/22723468/0 (access on 19 February 2015). Bela da Santíssima Trindade, Mato Grosso. Papéis Avulsos de Kirwan, G. M. & Areta, J. I. 2009. Black- and- tawny Seedeater Zoologia, São Paulo 42: 265-286. Sporophila nigrorufa a in the cerrados of western Mato Grosso, Tubelis, D. P. & Tomas, W. M. 2003. Bird species of the Pantanal Brazil. Neotropical Birding 4: 69-72. wetland, Brazil. Ararajuba a 11: 5-37. Melo, A. 2014. [WA1294337, Sporophila nigrorufa (d’Orbigny & Willis, E. O. & Oniki, Y Y Y. 1990. Levantamento preliminar das aves Lafresnaye, 1837)]. Wiki Aves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. de inverno em dez áreas do sudoeste de Mato Grosso, Brasil. http://www.wikiaves.com/1294337 (acess on 19 March 2015. Ararajuba a 1:19-38. Nunes, A. P. 2010. Estado de conservação da avifauna ameaçada de extinção ocorrente no Pantanal, Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas 157: 85-98 Nunes, A. P. 2011. Quantas espécies de aves ocorrem no Pantanal brasileiro? Atualidades Ornitológicas.160: 45-54. Associate Editor: Luís Fábio Silveira Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(3), 2015 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Ornithology Research Springer Journals

New records of Sporophila nigrorufa (D’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) in Brazilian Cerrado and Pantanal

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Abstract

Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(3), 357-359 SHORT-COMMUNICATION September 2015 New records of Sporophila nigrorufa a (D’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) in Brazilian Cerrado and Pantanal ,3 Francisco Severo-Neto¹ , Alyson Vieira de Melo² and Franco Leandro Souza¹ ¹ Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Cidade Universitária, CEP 79070-700, Campo Grande, MS, Brazil ² Brazil Expeditions & Safari Tours, Rua Soldado Desconhecido, 580, CEP 790290-000, Bonito, MS, Brazil. Corresponding author: netosevero@hotmail.com Received on 16 March 2015. Accepted on 2 April 2015. ABSTRACT T T: Th e Black-and-tawny Seedeater, Sporophila nigrorufa, is an endangered species and one of the rarest seedeaters found in Brazil’s Pantanal and Cerrado. Although its distribution range encompasses Bolivia and Brazil, few sites harbor this species in both countries. In Brazilian territory, this species was recorded at only three sites. Here, we report on two new documented observations from Mato Grosso do Sul State, in the Pantanal and easternmost Brazilian Cerrado. K K KE E EY-WORDS: Conservation, native grasslands, range extension, seedeater, Thraupidae. From the 32 Sporophila Brazilian species, 17 are found the WikiAves website (Figure1; Melo 2014, Severo- in the Pantanal and Cerrado domains (Sigrist 2009, Neto 2014). A male in eclipse plumage (Figure 2A) was Nunes 2011, CBRO 2014). Th ese Th raupidae are usually observed in the morning of 4 April 2014 in a pasture associated with natural grasslands where they feed and area with lagoons and marshes at Terenos (20°30'46"S, breed. Th ese habitats are threatened by conversion to 54°48'34"W). The individual was fora ging in a mixed agriculture or conversion of natural vegetation into exotic fl ock of seedeaters, including S. palustris, S. cinnamomea pasture. As a consequence of these landscape alterations, and S. pileata. Th e species were recorded in a fi eld with nearly 50% of Sporophila a species inhabiting these dominance of both native ( ( (Andropogon sp.) and exotic environments are, to some degree, threatened (Nunes grasses (Urochloa a sp.). 2010, ICMBIO 2014). One of the least known Sporophila species is the Black- and-tawny Seedeater, Sporophila nigrorufa a (D’Orbigny & Lafresnaye 1837), categorized as Vulnerable (ICMBIO 2014, IUCN 2014). The earliest records of this s pecies date back to the 19th century when it was found in western Mato Grosso State and eastern Bolivian cerrados (Pelzeln 1868-1871). Its current distribution comprises eight localities in Bolivia and three in Brazil (Willis & Oniki 1990, Silveira & D´Horta 2002, Birdlife International 2014). In 2008, Güller (2008) published the fi rst record to Argentina from the Parque Nacional Lihué Calel, La Pampa Province, rejected by Kirwan & Areta (2014) who considered it a Cooper Seedeater (Sporophila bouvreuilll). Cestari (2006) presented the first record to Brazilian Pantanal, in the Nhecolândia subregion, but without any FIGURE 1. Records of Sporophila nigrorufa a (Acronym of Brazilian documentation. Here we present two new documented states: MS-Mato Grosso do Sul; MT-Mato Grosso). Letters represent records for Mato Grosso do Sul State, in the Pantanal and previous modern records (A - Herrera & Maillard 2007, B – Davis easternmost Brazilian Cerrado. 1993, C – Silveira & D´Horta 2002, D - Cestari 2006) whereas Both records occurred in Mato Grosso do Sul colored circles represent the new records to Mato Grosso do Sul State State and the digital vouchers were first published in (blue= Corumbá / red=Terenos). New records of Sporophila nigrorufa (D’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) in Brazilian Cerrado and Pantanal Francisco Severo-Neto, Alyson Vieira de Melo and Franco Leandro Souza A male with prenuptial plumage was photographed in Terenos, at this site both native and exotic grasses (Figure 2 B) in the morning of 4 November 2014 at were present, and we recorded adults and juveniles of São Bento Farm, Abobral Pantanal subregion, Corumbá Sporophila collaris s nearby. (19°29'49"S, 56°59'32"W). As previously recorded FIGURE 2. Digital vouchers of Sporophila nigrorufa recorded in Mato Grosso do Sul State. (A) Male in eclipse plumage recorded in Terenos (A.L. Melo). (B) Male with partial prenuptial plumage recorded in Corumbá (F. L. Souza). Th e record from Terenos extends the distribution ACKNOWLEDGMENTS range of Sporophila nigrorufa a about 800 km in a straight line to the site with the highest density of S. nigrorufa a in Th e authors thank Vitor Piacentini and Renato Moreira Brazil, Vila Bela da Santíssima Trindade city and 185 km for confi rming species identifi cation and to Alessandro from the nearest known record, made by Cestari (2006). Pacheco Nunes by review the manuscript. FSN and It is noteworthy that this last record occurred during FLS thank Celso, the manager of São Bento farm, for November, typically the end of the dry season in the permission to conduct fi eldwork. Pantanal wetlands and the onset of rainfall. This recor d adds evidence to the previous undocumented record for REFERENCES the same period in the area and confirms the s pecies to the Pantanal, reallocating it to the primary list (Tubelis & Birdlife International. 2014. Black-and-tawny Seedeater Tomas 2003, Cestari 2006, Nunes 2011). Sporophila nigrorufa. http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/ Although this manuscript helped to elucidate the factsheet/22723468 (access on 02 March 2015). Cestari, C. 2006. Novos registros de aves do gênero Sporophila a para o record of S. nigrorufa a from the Pantanal and expanded Pantanal. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 129: 7. its present range, more efforts, such as avian inventories CBRO – Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos. 2014. in grasslands areas, banding and capture/recapture http://cbro.org.br/ proceedings, are needed to clarify the Sporophila nigrorufa Davis, S. E. 1993. Seasonal status, relative abundance, and behavior of the birds of Concepción, Departamento Santa Cruz, Bolivia. migratory movements in South America. Fieldiana Zoology 71. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(3), 2015 New records of Sporophila nigrorufa (D’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) in Brazilian Cerrado and Pantanal Francisco Severo-Neto, Alyson Vieira de Melo and Franco Leandro Souza Herrera, M. & Maillard, O. 2007. Registros significativos de aves Pelzeln, A. von. 1868-1871. Zur Ornithologie Brasiliens Resultate von para el departamento del Beni, Bolivia. Kempffiana 3: 28-34. Johann Natterer Reisen in den Jahren 1817-1835. 3 vols. Wien, ICMBIO – Instituto Chico Mendes de conservação da Pichler’s Witwe & Sohn. Biodiversidade. 2014. http://www.icmbio.gov.br/portal/ Severo-Neto, F. 2014. [WA1592883, Sporophila nigrorufa a (d’Orbigny biodiversidade/fauna-brasileira/lista-de-especies.html (access on & Lafresnaye, 1837)]. Wiki Aves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do 20 February 2015). Brasil. http://www.wikiaves.com/1592883 (acess on 19 March IUCN - International Union for Conservation of Nature 2015). and Natural Resources. 2014. http://www.iucnredlist.org/ Silveira, L. F. & D’Horta, F. M. 2002. A avifauna da região de Vila details/22723468/0 (access on 19 February 2015). Bela da Santíssima Trindade, Mato Grosso. Papéis Avulsos de Kirwan, G. M. & Areta, J. I. 2009. Black- and- tawny Seedeater Zoologia, São Paulo 42: 265-286. Sporophila nigrorufa a in the cerrados of western Mato Grosso, Tubelis, D. P. & Tomas, W. M. 2003. Bird species of the Pantanal Brazil. Neotropical Birding 4: 69-72. wetland, Brazil. Ararajuba a 11: 5-37. Melo, A. 2014. [WA1294337, Sporophila nigrorufa (d’Orbigny & Willis, E. O. & Oniki, Y Y Y. 1990. Levantamento preliminar das aves Lafresnaye, 1837)]. Wiki Aves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. de inverno em dez áreas do sudoeste de Mato Grosso, Brasil. http://www.wikiaves.com/1294337 (acess on 19 March 2015. Ararajuba a 1:19-38. Nunes, A. P. 2010. Estado de conservação da avifauna ameaçada de extinção ocorrente no Pantanal, Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas 157: 85-98 Nunes, A. P. 2011. Quantas espécies de aves ocorrem no Pantanal brasileiro? Atualidades Ornitológicas.160: 45-54. Associate Editor: Luís Fábio Silveira Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(3), 2015

Journal

Ornithology ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 1, 2015

Keywords: Conservation; native grasslands; range extension; seedeater; Thraupidae

References