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New and noteworthy records of waterbirds from Paraguay

New and noteworthy records of waterbirds from Paraguay Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 65–73. ARTICLE March 2018 New and noteworthy records of waterbirds from Paraguay 1,2,4 1 3 Arne J. Lesterhuis , Robert P. Clay & Paul Smith Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network, Rodríguez de Francia 869, Asunción, Paraguay. Guyra Paraguay, Av. Carlos Bóveda, Parque Ecológico Capital Verde, Asunción, Paraguay. FAUNA Paraguay, Encarnación, Dpto. Itapúa, Paraguay and Para La Tierra, Centro IDEAL, Mariscal Estigarribia 321 c/ Tte. Capurro, Pilar, Dpto. Ñeembucú, Paraguay. Corresponding author: arnelesterhuis@gmail.com Received on 26 October 2017. Accepted on 06 March 2018. ABSTRACT: Previously unpublished new and noteworthy Paraguayan reports of Anatidae, Ardeidae, Podicipedidae and Rallidae are provided. The first documented re cords of Speckled Teal Anas flavirostris, Yellow- billed Pintail Anas georgica, Blue-winged Teal Anas discors and Red-gartered Coot Fulica armillata are detailed with a review of previous undocumented reports of the species. Additional records of a further five rarely-recor ded waterbird species are also reported: Silvery Grebe Podiceps occipitalis, Great Grebe Podiceps major, Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea, Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera and Red Shoveler Anas platalea. The new additions add up to a total of 123 waterbird species documented to occur in Paraguay. KEY-WORDS: Anatidae, Ardeidae, distribution, Podicipedidae, Rallidae. INTRODUCTION patterns of occurrence. We also speculate on some of the factors that may influence their movements. Less is known about waterbirds in the Neotropics than in any other region of the world (Wetlands International 2012). Within South America, data are especially limited METHODS for Paraguay, where very few studies of waterbirds have The Paraguayan waterbir d records presented here been undertaken despite 26% of the avifauna being were compiled from the published literature, museum wetland dependent (Clay et al. 2004). Paraguayan waterbirds are distributed amongst 19 families, of which specimens, on-line databases like Worldbirds (www. 60% (74 species) are considered resident (Guyra Paraguay worldbirds.org) and e-Bird (www.ebird.org), the 2004). However, even among these resident species field Guyra Paraguay Biodiversity Database, the authors' own field o bservations and through consultations with observations by the authors and others suggest some ornithologists and birdwatchers. Abbreviations used in unusual patterns of movement, with species becoming momentarily abundant in a given locality or region and the text are: dept. – departamento (a geopolitical division then become rare or even completely unrecorded for of Paraguay); USNM – National Museum of Natural many years. With Paraguay's position at the centre of the History, Washington, USA (formerly the US National Museum of Natural History); UMMZ – University continent, the documentation of such records takes on of Michigan Museum of Zoology (Ann Arbor, USA). renewed significance for helping to understand regional movements and population dynamics. Nomenclature follows the South American Classification Previously unpublished waterbird counts have been Committee (Remsen-Jr. et al. 2017). taking place in Paraguay since 2001, stimulated in part Newly documented species by the Neotropical Waterbird Census. These have led to a number of new and interesting records, including four species which are documented here for the first Speckled Teal Anas flavirostris (Anatidae): a specimen time in Paraguay (three Anatidae and one Rallidae). of Anas flavirostris in the US National Museum of Furthermore, we present a full summary of records for Natural History (USNM 59140) labelled “Paraguay” was supposedly collected by Captain T.J. Page in the five other rarely recor ded waterbirds (two Podicipedidae, mid-1800s during a US Navy exploration of the La Plata one Ardeidae and two Anatidae) that show irregular Waterbird records from Paraguay Lesterhuis et al. River Basin. However, no additional locality information of likely occurrence in Paraguay. It was omitted from the was provided (J. Dean, in litt. 2004), and Page did not next list of Paraguayan species (Bertoni 1901). Bertoni include it in his appendix of “natatores – swimming (1914) listed the species for “Alto Paraná” but he never birds” collected during the expedition (Page 1859: 602). published any details of any record. If this specimen was indeed collected by Page, then it Wetmore (1926) referred to a small series of was probably collected outside of the current borders specimens from Chile, Argentina, Paraguay and Peru, but of Paraguay. Page collected widely in southern South failed to provide information as to where these specimens America, at a time when the political limits of Paraguay are located, and none are located in the USNM where were much greater than they are today. Given that the he worked. Zotta (1935) then included “Paraguay” in species is much more common to the south, the balance the range, perhaps following Bertoni (1914), who was in of probability is that he collected the bird within what is close contact with him. This locality was then updated now Argentine territory. Berlepsch (1887) included the to “Alto Paraná (Puerto Bertoni)” in Bertoni (1939), species in a list of birds of likely occurrence in Paraguay, suggestive that it was a first-hand re cord by the author, but it was omitted from the next list of Paraguayan species who resided there. (Bertoni 1901). Phillips (1923) categorically stated that According to Laubmann (1939) and Hayes (1995), the species “does not occur” in the country. Kerr (1892) reported the species from Paraguay from Consequently, the first concrete mention of “near Fortín Donovan”, but the coordinates provided “Paraguay” in the species range appears to be Zotta (stated to be “approximate” by Kerr 1892) place the (1935). This was cited by Laubmann (1939) who added locality in Formosa province, Argentina. that the presence of the species in Paraguay had not López (1992) reported flocks of 60 and 24 from the yet been established. Bertoni (1939) provided the first central Chaco during July 1992, but Hayes considered locality of “R. Paraguay”, having omitted the species these large numbers to be “unsubstantiated”. Given the entirely from Bertoni (1914), but no details accompanied lack of available details for any of these records, Hayes the record. More recently undocumented observations (1995) opted to treat the species as hypothetical, noting of 14 individuals were reported during July 1991 in the however that it possibly occurs in Paraguay as an austral Paraguayan Chaco (López 1992) and 80 individuals at migrant. Laguna Millón in July 1992 (López 1993). On 16 June 2004, A.J.L. observed a pair of A. Hayes (1995) considered the occurrence of Speckled georgica among a flock of A. bahamensis and B lack-headed Teal in Paraguay to be hypothetical. He stated that though Duck Heteronetta atricapilla, at Laguna Sanidad, Estero o o it is often cited to occur in Paraguay, no details of records Patiño, Presidente Hayes dept. (24 08'S; 59 00'W). They are available. However, he added that it “may occur as an were readily identifiable by their large size, with overall austral migrant”. mottled brown plumage, a much paler chin and foreneck, On 26 May 2001, R.P.C. observed a single Speckled and yellow bill with black culmen stripe. The following Teal with a group of eight White-cheeked Pintail Anas day (17 June 2004), a bird was observed flying in a westerly bahamensis at Campo María, Presidente Hayes dept. direction at the same site (A.J.L.). The first documented o o (22 34'1''S; 59 20'52''W). The bir d was easily identified record is of a single bird photographed (Fig. 1B) loafing because of its combination of bright yellow sides to the with a group of A. bahamensis at Campo María, Presidente bill, clearly rounded dark brown head, and speckled Hayes dept. on 13 October 2008 (P.S., Hugo del Castillo breast contrasting with the clear unmarked flanks. In and M. Martin). There is one subsequent recor d, of two flight, the bright green speculum bordered buff in front birds with a small flock of A. bahamensis in the Bahía de o o and narrowly with white at the rear was clearly visible Asunción, Central dept. (25 20'S; 57 35'W) on 26 April in the otherwise dark brown wing. The species was 2009 (R.P.C.). Anas georgica spinicauda is considered an considered “pending documentation” on the basis of this austral migrant, wintering into southern Brazil (Johnsgard well-described report (Guyra Paraguay 2004) and was 1978, Madge & Burn 1988). Individuals occurring in later documented photographically at the same location Paraguay are most likely to be of this subspecies, and the by Hemme Batjes (Fig. 1A) on 29 July 2006 (P.S., H. del species can be considered of intermittent occurrence or at Castillo, H. Batjes and A. Betuel). Additional subsequent best an irregular vagrant. records are provided in Table 1. Although the nominate Blue-winged Teal Anas discors (Anatidae): Hayes race of A. flavirostris appears to be a partial austral migrant (1995) considered two female or immature Anas observed (Blake 1977, Johnsgard 1978, Madge & Burn 1988), in in the Bahía de Asunción on the 15 February 1989 to Paraguay the species is apparently of only intermittent possibly refer to Blue-winged Teal, but most likely occurrence. We feel that it is best considered an irregular Cinnamon Teal A. cyanoptera. This appears to be the only vagrant to Paraguay. reference to Blue-winged Teal potentially occurring in Yellow-billed Pintail Anas georgica (Anatidae): Paraguay. Berlepsch (1887) included the species in a list of birds On the 13 January 2003, R.P.C. found a drake Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Waterbird records from Paraguay Lesterhuis et al. Figure 1. (A) Distant individual of Anas flavirostris at Campo Maria Private Nature Reserve, Cuenca Upper Yacaré Sur, Presidente Hayes dept. (Photo author: Hemme Batjes); (B) Adult Anas georgica, Campo Maria Private Nature Reserve, Cuenca Upper Yacaré Sur, Presidente Hayes dept. (Photo author: Paul Smith); (C) Adult male Anas discors, Laguna Capitán, Presidente Hayes dept. (Photo author: Oscar Bordón); (D) Adult Fulica armillata, Estancia La Graciela, Misiones dept. (Photo author: Arne Lesterhuis). Table 1. New records of Speckled Teal Anas flavirostris, Red-gartered Coot Fulica armillata, Silvery Grebe Podiceps occipitalis, Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea, Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera, Red Shoveler Anas platalea in Paraguay. Number of Date Locality Observer individuals Speckled Teal (Anas flavirostris) Laguna Buena Vista (22 36'22''S; 16 January 2004 1 J. Klavins 59 42'00''W) Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente A.J.L., H. del Castillo, M. de 16–17 June 2004 At least 2 Hayes dept. Bernard, M. Montiel Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente 02 July 2005 2 R.P.C. Hayes dept. Red-gartered Coot (Fulica armillata) 17 June 2004 Laguna Sanidad, Presidente Hayes dept. 13 A.J.L. 09 October 2004 Laguna Sanidad, Presidente Hayes dept. 19 R.P.C. 02–04 July 2005 Laguna Sanidad, Presidente Hayes dept. 13 R.P.C., H. del Castillo 23 September to 14 R.P.C., A.J.L., P.S., H. del Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 1–3 October 2004 Castillo 20 September 2009 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 1 R.P.C., A.J.L. Silvery Grebe (Podiceps occipitalis) Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, President 7 (non-breeding 15 June 2004 A.J.L. Hayes dept. plumage) Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, President 17 June 2004 61 A.J.L. Hayes dept. 13 July 2004 Chaco Lodge, President Hayes dept. 175 Lesterhuis et al. (2005) 13 July 2004 Campo Maria, President Hayes dept. 78 Lesterhuis et al. (2005) P.S., R.P.C., R. Elsam, R. 16 October 2005 Campo Maria, President Hayes dept. 100+ McCann Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Waterbird records from Paraguay Lesterhuis et al. Number of Date Locality Observer individuals P.S., H. del Castillo, A. 14 July 2006 Campo Maria, President Hayes dept. 6 Holman 27 July 2006 Campo Maria, President Hayes dept. 1 Adam Betuel Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea) 1 (non-breeding 20 April 2001 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. A.J.L., F. Fragano adult) 06 February 2005 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 1 (immature) R.P.C. 21 February 2010 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 1 (immature) R.P.C. 10 October 2010 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 1 (immature) R.P.C., A.J.L., H. del Castillo Cercanías del Rió Aquidaban, Amambay 30 October 2010 1 (adult) O. Rodríguez dept. 02 July 2012 Campo María, Presidente Hayes dept. 1 (immature) P.S. 19 August 2012 Asunción, Central dept. 1 (adult) R.P.C. 13 December 2014 Asunción, Central dept. 1 (adult) R.P.C. 10 November 2015 Asunción, Central dept. 1 (adult) R.P.C. R.P.C., O. Bordon, J.L. 23 July–14 Sep 2016 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 1 (immature) Mendez, A. Martin Cinnamon Teal (Anas cyanoptera) a few Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente individuals May 1997 H. del Castillo Hayes dept. (including adult males) Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente 20–25 July 1999 1 male H. del Castillo Hayes dept. Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente 16 June 2004 2 pairs A.J.L., H. del Castillo Hayes dept. Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente 2 pairs and a R.P.C., H. del Castillo, 02–03 July 2005 Hayes dept. female L. López Red Shoveler (Anas platalea) Up to 30 Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente individuals (pair May 1997 H. del Castillo Hayes dept. shot by hunters photographed) Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente 20–25 July 1999 Few individuals H. del Castillo Hayes dept. 1 male (presumably the same bird? 05–16 May 2004 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. R.P.C., A.J.L., H. del Castillo Remains later found on 21 May) H. del Castillo, M. de 30 May 2004 Estancia La Graciela, Misiones dept. 12 Bernard, M. Montiel, A. Stroessner A.J.L., H. del Castillo, R. 03 June 2004 Estancia La Graciela, Misiones dept. 7 Elsam, M. Ibarra Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Waterbird records from Paraguay Lesterhuis et al. Number of Date Locality Observer individuals 3 (adult male and female, and 05 June 2004 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. R.P.C. an immature male) Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente A.J.L., H. del Castillo, M. de 15–18 June 2004 125 Hayes dept. Bernard, M. Montiel Laguna Campo Leon, Presidente Hayes 14 July 2004 8 A.J.L., E. Coconier dept. R.P.C., P.S., C. Morales, S. 29 June–04 July 2005 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 2 males Centrón, L. López, H. Batjes, C. Hesse R.P.C., H. del Castilo, L. Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente 03 July 2005 950 López, S. Centrón, H. Cabral Hayes dept. Beconi Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente H. del Castillo, H. Cabral 02 September 2005 <1000 Hayes dept. Beconi, R. Zarza, F. Fragano 26 April 2009 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 18 R.P.C. 21 June 2009 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 2 males P.S. R.P.C., A.J.L., M. Jeffrey, K. 05 October 2009 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 1 Pierson Laguna Lucero, Presidente Hayes dept. 07 July 2015 10 A.J.L., H. Cabral Beconi o o (22 33'S; 59 26'W). Blue-winged Teal in the company of c. 100 Ringed collected by Félix Posner at Monte Sociedad Colony Teal Callonetta leucophrys and Brazilian Teal Amazonetta (now Benjamín Aceval), Presidente Hayes dept. (Bertoni brasiliensis at Campo María, Presidente Hayes dept. The 1930). In that publication, Bertoni (1930) stated that he bird was easily identified t hrough a combination of small had never recorded the species in the forested area of the size, longish body, bluish-grey head contrasting with warm Oriental region. Bertoni's (1939) listing of Villa Hayes brown underparts heavily marked with dark spotting, is in reference to the same record. However, numerous white facial crescent, white flank patch and black vent. In previous citations of the species in Paraguay also exist. flight, the pale blue forewing, bordered by a white greater Vieillot (1817) described the species based on Azara covert bar (broadening distally) and green speculum were 448 “Focha de ligas roxas” and gave the type locality as obvious, while the largely white underwing with broad “Paraguay”, but in fact Azara (1802) states that his two blackish leading edge was also conspicuous. An adult specimens came from Buenos Aires, Argentina and he male, was observed at Laguna Capitán, Presidente Hayes makes no mention of the species in Paraguay, contra o o dept. (22 32'S; 59 40'W) during November 2004 by N. Hartlaub (1854) and Laubmann (1939). Hartlaub López (pers. comm. 2005). The first documented re cord (1854) and Berlepsch (1887) included the species for of the species in Paraguay was a male at Campo Leon Paraguay based on Azara 448, but also cite a specimen o o (22 34'S; 59 32'W) photographed by O. Bordon on 6 from “Misiones” Paraguay collected by Bonpland, and August 2016 (Fig. 1C). deposited in the Museum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, Anas discors is found with some regularity as far though we were unable to trace this specimen. Though south as Argentina (Mazar-Barnett & Pearman 2001), Aimé Bonpland lived in the town of Santa María de thus its occurrence in Paraguay is not surprising. All three Fé in Paraguay for many years, he also spent much of records have been in relative proximity and given that the his time in Corrientes, Argentina (at that time part of species can live for over 20 years (USGS Patuxent Wildlife Paraguay) and thus the exact collection locality of this Research Center 2015), it is possible that the records refer bird is of some relevance. Subsequent to this, it was also to the same individual. included in the Paraguayan avifauna by Sharpe (1894), Red-gartered Coot Fulica armillata (Rallidae): Bertoni (1901, 1914), Ihering (1904), Peters (1934) and Hayes (1995) considered the occurrence of this species Hellmayr & Conover (1942), amongst others. In August in Paraguay as hypothetical based on a lost specimen 1995, the species was reported by Kevin Burns at Rancho Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Waterbird records from Paraguay Lesterhuis et al. Chaco (Presidente Hayes dept.), but no further detail of were specimens collected 235 km W of Río Negro the record was provided. However there have been very (Presidente Hayes dept.) in June and September 1939 few concrete, well-documented reports. (Storer 1989). One of these birds was a juvenile with On the 30 May 2004, H. del Castillo, M. de Bernard, wings too short for flight, suggestive of local breeding A. Stroessner and M. Montiel found a F. armillata (Storer 1989, Hayes 1995). Two further specimens with eight White-winged Coots Fulica leucoptera in a in USNM (59894, 59896) with locality “Paraguay, small artificial lagoon at Estancia La Graciela, Misiones Santa Fe, Rio Salado” seem certain to have come from o o Department (26 34'52''S; 56 49'18''W). The bir d was Argentina and not Paraguay (Storer 1989). Contreras still present on 03 June 2004, when it was also seen et al. (1989a, 1989b) provided a review of Paraguayan by A.J.L., J. Klavins, R. Elsam, A. Spiridonoff and M. records of the species until that point, citing additional Ibarra. This bir d was documented by photos taken by records from Lago Ypoá, Paraguarí dept., on 27 August A.J.L. which clearly show the wine-red band separating 1989; the Paraná River at Refugio Biológico Mbaracayú, the rather broad yellowish bill from the frontal shield Canindeyú dept. (28 August to 09 September 1985); (Fig. 1D). The bir d was also noticeably larger than the Ruta Transchaco km 416, Boquerón dept. (07 December accompanying F. leucoptera. Additional subsequent 1990); the Paraguay River near the mouth of the Bermejo records are provided in Table 1. River (07 July 1992) and the Paraguay River at Puerto The population of northeastern Argentina is Naranjito (17 September 1992), both at Ñeembucú dept. considered to consist of austral migrant birds (Taylor Additional subsequent records include one 1998). In Paraguay it appears to occur in small numbers individual on 25 July 2009 at Laguna Blanca (Smith et al. as a rare but regular austral migrant during the austral 2016), one individual observed at Bahía de Asunción on winter, probably as part of the same northward movement. 10 and 14 October 2010 (R.P.C., A.J.L., P.S. and H. del Castillo) and three at Laguna León (Chaco Central) on Noteworthy records 11 July 2012 and 26 August 2012 (R.P.C.). This species seems to occur fairly regularly in the Silvery Grebe Podiceps occipitalis (Podicipedidae): Hayes country. However, the species is not resident and the et al. (2004) summarized records of the species in pattern of records is not suggestive of migration so much Paraguay to that point, considering P. occipitalis to be as random dispersal or nomadism. Consequently, we an uncommon austral migrant to Paraguay. He reported consider this species to be a regular vagrant in Paraguay, one individual at Estancia Golondrina, Presidente Hayes noting that it might occasionally breed when conditions o o dept. (24 56'S; 57 42'W) and observations of up to ten are suitable. birds at Laguna Salada, Presidente Hayes dept. (22 32'S; Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea (Ardeidae): first 59 18'W). Details of additional new records, including listed for Paraguay in a catalogue by Pinto (1938), with flocks of 175 and 78 bir ds simultaneously in the central no details provided, and then by Bertoni (1939) who cited Chaco (Lesterhuis et al. 2005), are provided in Table 1. it as his source. Hellmayr & Conover (1948) specifically It seems likely that P. occipitalis has been somewhat stated that the species had “never been recorded in overlooked in Paraguay, occurring as an irregular and Paraguay” and the country was subsequently omitted irruptive austral migrant. Large numbers, such as those from the range of the species in an updated edition of the observed in 2004 and 2005, seem to occur during very same catalogue (Pinto 1978), suggesting a retraction of cold winters and are most likely to be observed in the the earlier report. Paraguayan Chaco west of the Paraguay River. The first recor d with a locality is thus Peris & Suárez Great Grebe Podiceps major (Podicipedidae): Bertoni (1985) who reported small flocks of 2 –3 birds in southern (1901) and presumably also Ihering (1904) listed the Presidente Hayes dept. along the Ruta Trans Chaco species for Paraguay on the basis of Azara No. 443 “Macá between km 100 and km 260 during December 1983. Cornudo”. Azara (1805) does not clarify the origin of However, Hayes (1995) considered these as hypothetical his birds, but does state in the introduction to the family due to a lack of details. The first documented re cord was a that he “described them all from Paraguay” and that he non-breeding individual photographed by F. Hayes on 18 “released them in his room”. Schlegel (1867) reported August 1988 at Puerto Bahía Negra, Alto Paraguay dept. two specimens from “Paraguay” in “perfect plumage”, (Hayes et al. 1990). Subsequently, R. Ryan observed one of which is sexed as a male, but no more details one bird at Ruta Trans Chaco km 79, President Hayes were provided and we have been unable to trace them. dept., on 08 August 1994 (Hayes 1995). Additional Berlepsch (1887) listed the species with a query, Bertoni unpublished records are provided in Table 1. This species (1914, 1939) listed it as requiring confirmation, and t he seems to be occurring with increasing frequency in central species was omitted entirely by Laubmann (1939). South America and may be undergoing range expansion. The first verifiable Paraguayan recor ds of the species For the time being we consider this species to be an Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Waterbird records from Paraguay Lesterhuis et al. increasingly regular vagrant in Paraguay. male, 105029) and two in the USNM (a male and female, Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera (Anatidae): USNM 390658 and 399450). An additional specimen Berlepsch (1887) included the species in his list of record, a female collected by Alberto Schulze and Jacob “potential” additions to the Paraguayan avifauna. Bertoni Unger on 17 February 1939, 170 km W of Puerto Casado (1914, 1939) however, included the species as confirmed (UMMZ 105030) was apparently overlooked by Hayes in Paraguay, though he provided no locality or reference (J. Hinshaw, in litt. 2004). It would appear that all of to support this. Hayes (1995) reported just two localities these are from the same series of specimens, as all four for the species, one of which “near Fortín Donovan” (Kerr birds were collected in February 1939, at least three from 1892) is actually in Argentina according to the coordinates the same general area (there is no locality information for provided. Consequently, the first documented re cord is a USNM 399450; J. Dean, in litt. 2004, J. Hinshaw, in specimen of the subspecies A. c. cyanoptera collected 170 litt. 2004). Additional subsequent records are provided km W of Puerto Casado on 01 March 1938 (UMMZ in Table 1. 96201) (Storer 1989). Hayes (1995) considered Red Shoveler to be a Two additional specimens of Cinnamon Teal are breeding resident, presumably on the basis of the records purportedly from Paraguay. A specimen labelled as “Anas in January and February. However, we are not aware cyanoptera or Anas discors” in the Jacob Unger Museum in of any evidence of breeding, and the recent records in Filadelfia, Boquerón Department, is clearly this species, discrete windows of time, sometimes involving quite large identifiable by the large broad bill, plain head pattern numbers, suggests the species may be somewhat nomadic, and rufous wash to the plumage, especially on the flanks mainly during winter and in response to favourable local and breast sides. Although no locality data are provided, conditions. all specimens in the museum were collected by Jacob Unger, who is only known to have collected in the central Paraguayan Chaco. An additional specimen held in the DISCUSSION USNM (USNM 571248) was collected during the 1850s or 1860s by Captain T.J. Page of the US Navy Steamer With these new additions to the list of Paraguayan Water Witch. The only locality information is “Paraguay”, avifauna, including the recently added gull and tern but the specimen probably originates from Argentina. species described in Clay et al. (2017), the total of true The latest records of the species are all from the waterbird species in Paraguay is 123, comprising 19 same locality, Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente families. Most of these new additions are a direct result of a Hayes dept. Details are provided in Table 1. This species growing interest in birding amongst Paraguayans, leading is known from very few records of a small number of to a “mini-revival” of waterbird watching in the country. individuals from March to July. We consider this species The subsequent increase in field effort is having a positive to be a rare and irregular straggler to Paraguay, with effect on the amount of data available to resear chers records representing overshooting migrants from further and previously undetected patterns of movement are south. beginning to emerge. Whilst it is still too early to begin Red Shoveler Anas platalea (Anatidae): first reported to formulate hypotheses, the signs for being able to do so for Paraguay by Azara (1802) as his No. 431 “Pato in the near future are positive. On the other hand, just Espátula”, where he notes that “Noséda killed two of three as interest in the local fauna is beginning to take off, the birds in Paraguay during July”. Padre Nóseda was based at country is also facing severe environmental challenges San Ignacio, Misiones dept., and this may be presumed with accelerating deforestation rates in the Chaco region to be the collection site. Berlepsch (1887), Bertoni (1901, (one of the hotspots for “waterbirding”) and the draining 1914, 1939), Ihering (1904) and Hellmayr & Conover of wetlands and seasonally flooded grasslands in southern (1948) then all listed the species for Paraguay, without Paraguay amongst the most serious conservation issues providing any additional locality data. affecting the country and its waterbird populations. Hayes (1995) listed six reports of Red Shoveler The availability and publication of data that contributes in Paraguay, one of which from the vicinity of Fortín to a better understanding of the patterns and processes Donovan (Kerr 1892) is actually in Argentina, according affecting waterbir d distribution in Paraguay is thus an to the coordinates provided. The author reported his own obligation to field resear chers working in the country. sight records of a single bird at Estancia La Golondrina, Presidente Hayes dept. on 09 July 1989; a pair at Bahía ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS de Asunción, Central dept. on 11 January 1989, a female only at the same locality on 18 January 1989 and a single female on 15 February 1989. Additionally, he reported James Dean (Smithsonian Institution) and Janet Hinshaw (UMMZ) checked the identification and label and three older specimen records, one held in the UMMZ (a Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Waterbird records from Paraguay Lesterhuis et al. Hayes F.E., Lyons J.A. & Escobar-Argaña J. 2004. Additional records catalogue details of Paraguayan specimens. Also, thanks to of the Silvery Grebe (Podiceps o. occipitalis), a Neotropical austral current and former staff and members of Guyra Paraguay migrant, in Paraguay. Cotinga 22: 107–108. that joined fieldtrips and/or shared t heir observations (J. Hellmayr C.E. & Conover B. 1942. Catalogue of the birds of the Klavins, H. del Castillo, M. de Bernard, M. Montiel, R Americas and the adjacent islands, Part 1, Number 1. Field Elsam, F. Fragano, L. López, A. Stroessner, E. Coconier, Museum of Natural Histor,y Publication 514, Zoological Series 13: 1–636. S. Centrón, H. Cabral Beconi, R. Zarza). P.S. is grateful Hellmayr C.E. & Conover B. 1948. Catalogue of the birds of the to the tour participants on FAUNA Paraguay tours during Americas, Part 1, Number 2. Field Museum of Natural History, which some of these species were recorded. P.S. thanks Publication 615, Zoological Series 13: 1–434. the PRONII program of CONACYT for its support. Ihering H. von. 1904. Aves do Paraguay. Revista do Museu Paulista 6: 316–344. R.P.C. and A.J.L. thank Wetlands International and the Johnsgard P.A. 1978. Ducks, geese, and swans of the world. Lincoln: Canadian Wildlife Service for the financial support to University of Nebraska Press. Guyra Paraguay to implement the Neotropical Waterbird Kerr J.G. 1892. On the avifauna of the lower Pilcomayo. Ibis 6: 120– Census. Finally, the authors want to thank Hemme Batjes Laubmann A. 1939. Wissenschaftliche ergebnisse der Deutschen Gran and Oscar Bordón for their kind permission to use their Chaco-Expedition: Die Vogel von Paraguay. Stuttgart Strecker und photos for this article. Schroder. Lesterhuis A.J., Clay R.P. & Cabrera E. 2005. Paraguay. Informe Annual 2004, p. 74–81. In: López-Lanús B. & Blanco D.E. (eds.). El censo Neotropical de aves acuáticas 2004. Global Series REFERENCES No. 17. Buenos Aires: Wetlands International. López N.E. 1992. Paraguay, p. 32–36. In: Blanco D. & Canevari P. Azara F. de. 1802. Apuntamientos para la historia natural de los páxaros (eds.). Censo Neotropical de aves acuáticas 1991. Buenos Aires: del Paraguay y Rio de la Plata. Madrid: Imprenta de la Viuda Ibarra. Programa de Ambientes Acuáticos Neotropicales. Berlepsch H. von. 1887. Appendix. Systematisches verzeichniss in der López N.E. 1993. Paraguay, p. 38–48. In: Blanco D. & Canevari P. Republik Paraguay bisher beo bachteten vogelarten. Journal für (eds.). Censo Neotropical de aves acuáticas 1992. Buenos Aires: Ornithologie 35: 113–134. Humedales para las Américas. Bertoni A.W. 1901. Aves nuevas del Paraguay. Continuación á Azara. Madge S. & Burn H. 1988. Wildfowl: an identification guide to the Anales Científicos Paraguayos 1: 1–216. ducks, geese and swans of the world. London: Christopher Helm Bertoni A.W. 1914. Fauna Paraguaya: catálogos sis temáticos de los Publishers. vertebrados del Paraguay. Peces, batracios, reptiles, aves y mamíferos Mazar-Barnett J. & Pearman M. 2001. Lista comentada de las aves conocidos hasta 1913. Asunción: M. Brossa. Argentinas. Barcelona: Lynx Editions. Bertoni A.W. 1930. Sobre ornitología del Chaco Paraguayo. Aves Page T.J. 1859. La Plata, the Argentine Confederation and Paraguay. colectadas por Félix Posner en la Colonia “Monte Sociedad”, hoy New York: Harper & Brothers. Benjamin Aceval (Villa Hayes). Revista de la Sociedad Científica del Peris S.J. & Suárez F. 1985. Algunas aves invernantes en el Bajo Chaco Paraguay 2: 241–258. Paraguayo. Volante Migratorio 5: 20. Bertoni A.W. 1939. Catálogos sistemáticos de los vertebrados del Peters J.L. 1934. Check-list of birds of the world, v. 2. Cambridge: Paraguay. Revista de la Sociedad Científica del Paraguay 4: 1–60. Harvard University Press. Blake E.R. 1977. Manual of Neotropical birds, v. 1. Chicago: University Phillips J.C. 1923. A natural history of the ducks, v. 2: the genus Anas. of Chicago Press. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin. Clay R.P., Lesterhuis A.J. & López L. 2004. Aves de los humedales Pinto O.M.O. 1938. Catálogo das aves do Brasil e lista dos exemplares del Paraguay, p. 175–190. In: Salas-Dueñas D.A., Mereles F. & que as representam no Museu Paulista. Revista do Museu Paulista Yanosky A. (eds.). Los humedales del Paraguay. Asunción: Comité 22: 1–566. Nacional de Humedales. Pinto O.M.O. 1978. Novo catálogo das aves do Brasil, v. 1. São Paulo: Clay R.P., Lesterhuis A.J. & Smith P. 2017. Status and distribution Empresa Gráfica da Revista dos Tribunais. of the suborder Lari in Paraguay, including new country records. Remsen-Jr. J. V., Cadena C.D., Jaramillo A., Nores M., Pacheco J.F., Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 25: 128–136. Pérez-Emán J., Robbins M.B., Stiles F.G., Stotz D.F. & Zimmer Contreras J.R., González-Romero N., Peris-Álvarez S., Contreras A.O. K.J. 2017. A classification of the bird species of South America. & Acevedo-Gómez C. 1989a. Contribución al conocimiento de American Ornithologists' Union. http://www.museum.lsu. la avifauna del Lago Ypoá y regiones adyacentes del departamento edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm (access on 11 February 2017). 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Status, distribution and biogeography of the birds of imminent threats to their conservation. Revista de Biodiversidad Paraguay. New York: American Birding Association. Monographs Neotropical 6: 55–67. in Field Ornithology No.1. Storer R.W. 1989. Notes on Paraguayan birds. Occasional Papers of the Hayes F.E., Goodman S.M. & López N.E. 1990. New or noteworthy Museum of Zoology of the University of Michigan 719: 1–21. bird records from the Matogrosense region of Paraguay. Bulletin of Taylor B. 1998. Rails: a guide to the rails, crakes, gallinules and coots of the British Ornithologists' Club 110: 94–103. the world. New Haven : Yale University Press. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Waterbird records from Paraguay Lesterhuis et al. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 2015. Longevity records of Wetmore A. 1926. Observations on the birds of Argentina, Paraguay, North American birds. https://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/bbl/longevity/ Uruguay and Chile. Bulletin of the United States National Museum longevity_main.cfm 133: 1–448. Vieillot L.J.P. 1817. Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire naturelle, v. 12. Zotta A.R. 1935. Lista sistemática de las aves Argentinas. Hornero 6: Paris: Detterville. 151–196. th Wetlands International. 2012. Waterbird population estimates, 5 edn. Summary Report. Wageningen: Wetlands International. Associate Editor: Marcos P. Dantas. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Ornithology Research Springer Journals

New and noteworthy records of waterbirds from Paraguay

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Abstract

Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 65–73. ARTICLE March 2018 New and noteworthy records of waterbirds from Paraguay 1,2,4 1 3 Arne J. Lesterhuis , Robert P. Clay & Paul Smith Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network, Rodríguez de Francia 869, Asunción, Paraguay. Guyra Paraguay, Av. Carlos Bóveda, Parque Ecológico Capital Verde, Asunción, Paraguay. FAUNA Paraguay, Encarnación, Dpto. Itapúa, Paraguay and Para La Tierra, Centro IDEAL, Mariscal Estigarribia 321 c/ Tte. Capurro, Pilar, Dpto. Ñeembucú, Paraguay. Corresponding author: arnelesterhuis@gmail.com Received on 26 October 2017. Accepted on 06 March 2018. ABSTRACT: Previously unpublished new and noteworthy Paraguayan reports of Anatidae, Ardeidae, Podicipedidae and Rallidae are provided. The first documented re cords of Speckled Teal Anas flavirostris, Yellow- billed Pintail Anas georgica, Blue-winged Teal Anas discors and Red-gartered Coot Fulica armillata are detailed with a review of previous undocumented reports of the species. Additional records of a further five rarely-recor ded waterbird species are also reported: Silvery Grebe Podiceps occipitalis, Great Grebe Podiceps major, Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea, Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera and Red Shoveler Anas platalea. The new additions add up to a total of 123 waterbird species documented to occur in Paraguay. KEY-WORDS: Anatidae, Ardeidae, distribution, Podicipedidae, Rallidae. INTRODUCTION patterns of occurrence. We also speculate on some of the factors that may influence their movements. Less is known about waterbirds in the Neotropics than in any other region of the world (Wetlands International 2012). Within South America, data are especially limited METHODS for Paraguay, where very few studies of waterbirds have The Paraguayan waterbir d records presented here been undertaken despite 26% of the avifauna being were compiled from the published literature, museum wetland dependent (Clay et al. 2004). Paraguayan waterbirds are distributed amongst 19 families, of which specimens, on-line databases like Worldbirds (www. 60% (74 species) are considered resident (Guyra Paraguay worldbirds.org) and e-Bird (www.ebird.org), the 2004). However, even among these resident species field Guyra Paraguay Biodiversity Database, the authors' own field o bservations and through consultations with observations by the authors and others suggest some ornithologists and birdwatchers. Abbreviations used in unusual patterns of movement, with species becoming momentarily abundant in a given locality or region and the text are: dept. – departamento (a geopolitical division then become rare or even completely unrecorded for of Paraguay); USNM – National Museum of Natural many years. With Paraguay's position at the centre of the History, Washington, USA (formerly the US National Museum of Natural History); UMMZ – University continent, the documentation of such records takes on of Michigan Museum of Zoology (Ann Arbor, USA). renewed significance for helping to understand regional movements and population dynamics. Nomenclature follows the South American Classification Previously unpublished waterbird counts have been Committee (Remsen-Jr. et al. 2017). taking place in Paraguay since 2001, stimulated in part Newly documented species by the Neotropical Waterbird Census. These have led to a number of new and interesting records, including four species which are documented here for the first Speckled Teal Anas flavirostris (Anatidae): a specimen time in Paraguay (three Anatidae and one Rallidae). of Anas flavirostris in the US National Museum of Furthermore, we present a full summary of records for Natural History (USNM 59140) labelled “Paraguay” was supposedly collected by Captain T.J. Page in the five other rarely recor ded waterbirds (two Podicipedidae, mid-1800s during a US Navy exploration of the La Plata one Ardeidae and two Anatidae) that show irregular Waterbird records from Paraguay Lesterhuis et al. River Basin. However, no additional locality information of likely occurrence in Paraguay. It was omitted from the was provided (J. Dean, in litt. 2004), and Page did not next list of Paraguayan species (Bertoni 1901). Bertoni include it in his appendix of “natatores – swimming (1914) listed the species for “Alto Paraná” but he never birds” collected during the expedition (Page 1859: 602). published any details of any record. If this specimen was indeed collected by Page, then it Wetmore (1926) referred to a small series of was probably collected outside of the current borders specimens from Chile, Argentina, Paraguay and Peru, but of Paraguay. Page collected widely in southern South failed to provide information as to where these specimens America, at a time when the political limits of Paraguay are located, and none are located in the USNM where were much greater than they are today. Given that the he worked. Zotta (1935) then included “Paraguay” in species is much more common to the south, the balance the range, perhaps following Bertoni (1914), who was in of probability is that he collected the bird within what is close contact with him. This locality was then updated now Argentine territory. Berlepsch (1887) included the to “Alto Paraná (Puerto Bertoni)” in Bertoni (1939), species in a list of birds of likely occurrence in Paraguay, suggestive that it was a first-hand re cord by the author, but it was omitted from the next list of Paraguayan species who resided there. (Bertoni 1901). Phillips (1923) categorically stated that According to Laubmann (1939) and Hayes (1995), the species “does not occur” in the country. Kerr (1892) reported the species from Paraguay from Consequently, the first concrete mention of “near Fortín Donovan”, but the coordinates provided “Paraguay” in the species range appears to be Zotta (stated to be “approximate” by Kerr 1892) place the (1935). This was cited by Laubmann (1939) who added locality in Formosa province, Argentina. that the presence of the species in Paraguay had not López (1992) reported flocks of 60 and 24 from the yet been established. Bertoni (1939) provided the first central Chaco during July 1992, but Hayes considered locality of “R. Paraguay”, having omitted the species these large numbers to be “unsubstantiated”. Given the entirely from Bertoni (1914), but no details accompanied lack of available details for any of these records, Hayes the record. More recently undocumented observations (1995) opted to treat the species as hypothetical, noting of 14 individuals were reported during July 1991 in the however that it possibly occurs in Paraguay as an austral Paraguayan Chaco (López 1992) and 80 individuals at migrant. Laguna Millón in July 1992 (López 1993). On 16 June 2004, A.J.L. observed a pair of A. Hayes (1995) considered the occurrence of Speckled georgica among a flock of A. bahamensis and B lack-headed Teal in Paraguay to be hypothetical. He stated that though Duck Heteronetta atricapilla, at Laguna Sanidad, Estero o o it is often cited to occur in Paraguay, no details of records Patiño, Presidente Hayes dept. (24 08'S; 59 00'W). They are available. However, he added that it “may occur as an were readily identifiable by their large size, with overall austral migrant”. mottled brown plumage, a much paler chin and foreneck, On 26 May 2001, R.P.C. observed a single Speckled and yellow bill with black culmen stripe. The following Teal with a group of eight White-cheeked Pintail Anas day (17 June 2004), a bird was observed flying in a westerly bahamensis at Campo María, Presidente Hayes dept. direction at the same site (A.J.L.). The first documented o o (22 34'1''S; 59 20'52''W). The bir d was easily identified record is of a single bird photographed (Fig. 1B) loafing because of its combination of bright yellow sides to the with a group of A. bahamensis at Campo María, Presidente bill, clearly rounded dark brown head, and speckled Hayes dept. on 13 October 2008 (P.S., Hugo del Castillo breast contrasting with the clear unmarked flanks. In and M. Martin). There is one subsequent recor d, of two flight, the bright green speculum bordered buff in front birds with a small flock of A. bahamensis in the Bahía de o o and narrowly with white at the rear was clearly visible Asunción, Central dept. (25 20'S; 57 35'W) on 26 April in the otherwise dark brown wing. The species was 2009 (R.P.C.). Anas georgica spinicauda is considered an considered “pending documentation” on the basis of this austral migrant, wintering into southern Brazil (Johnsgard well-described report (Guyra Paraguay 2004) and was 1978, Madge & Burn 1988). Individuals occurring in later documented photographically at the same location Paraguay are most likely to be of this subspecies, and the by Hemme Batjes (Fig. 1A) on 29 July 2006 (P.S., H. del species can be considered of intermittent occurrence or at Castillo, H. Batjes and A. Betuel). Additional subsequent best an irregular vagrant. records are provided in Table 1. Although the nominate Blue-winged Teal Anas discors (Anatidae): Hayes race of A. flavirostris appears to be a partial austral migrant (1995) considered two female or immature Anas observed (Blake 1977, Johnsgard 1978, Madge & Burn 1988), in in the Bahía de Asunción on the 15 February 1989 to Paraguay the species is apparently of only intermittent possibly refer to Blue-winged Teal, but most likely occurrence. We feel that it is best considered an irregular Cinnamon Teal A. cyanoptera. This appears to be the only vagrant to Paraguay. reference to Blue-winged Teal potentially occurring in Yellow-billed Pintail Anas georgica (Anatidae): Paraguay. Berlepsch (1887) included the species in a list of birds On the 13 January 2003, R.P.C. found a drake Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Waterbird records from Paraguay Lesterhuis et al. Figure 1. (A) Distant individual of Anas flavirostris at Campo Maria Private Nature Reserve, Cuenca Upper Yacaré Sur, Presidente Hayes dept. (Photo author: Hemme Batjes); (B) Adult Anas georgica, Campo Maria Private Nature Reserve, Cuenca Upper Yacaré Sur, Presidente Hayes dept. (Photo author: Paul Smith); (C) Adult male Anas discors, Laguna Capitán, Presidente Hayes dept. (Photo author: Oscar Bordón); (D) Adult Fulica armillata, Estancia La Graciela, Misiones dept. (Photo author: Arne Lesterhuis). Table 1. New records of Speckled Teal Anas flavirostris, Red-gartered Coot Fulica armillata, Silvery Grebe Podiceps occipitalis, Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea, Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera, Red Shoveler Anas platalea in Paraguay. Number of Date Locality Observer individuals Speckled Teal (Anas flavirostris) Laguna Buena Vista (22 36'22''S; 16 January 2004 1 J. Klavins 59 42'00''W) Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente A.J.L., H. del Castillo, M. de 16–17 June 2004 At least 2 Hayes dept. Bernard, M. Montiel Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente 02 July 2005 2 R.P.C. Hayes dept. Red-gartered Coot (Fulica armillata) 17 June 2004 Laguna Sanidad, Presidente Hayes dept. 13 A.J.L. 09 October 2004 Laguna Sanidad, Presidente Hayes dept. 19 R.P.C. 02–04 July 2005 Laguna Sanidad, Presidente Hayes dept. 13 R.P.C., H. del Castillo 23 September to 14 R.P.C., A.J.L., P.S., H. del Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 1–3 October 2004 Castillo 20 September 2009 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 1 R.P.C., A.J.L. Silvery Grebe (Podiceps occipitalis) Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, President 7 (non-breeding 15 June 2004 A.J.L. Hayes dept. plumage) Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, President 17 June 2004 61 A.J.L. Hayes dept. 13 July 2004 Chaco Lodge, President Hayes dept. 175 Lesterhuis et al. (2005) 13 July 2004 Campo Maria, President Hayes dept. 78 Lesterhuis et al. (2005) P.S., R.P.C., R. Elsam, R. 16 October 2005 Campo Maria, President Hayes dept. 100+ McCann Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Waterbird records from Paraguay Lesterhuis et al. Number of Date Locality Observer individuals P.S., H. del Castillo, A. 14 July 2006 Campo Maria, President Hayes dept. 6 Holman 27 July 2006 Campo Maria, President Hayes dept. 1 Adam Betuel Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea) 1 (non-breeding 20 April 2001 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. A.J.L., F. Fragano adult) 06 February 2005 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 1 (immature) R.P.C. 21 February 2010 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 1 (immature) R.P.C. 10 October 2010 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 1 (immature) R.P.C., A.J.L., H. del Castillo Cercanías del Rió Aquidaban, Amambay 30 October 2010 1 (adult) O. Rodríguez dept. 02 July 2012 Campo María, Presidente Hayes dept. 1 (immature) P.S. 19 August 2012 Asunción, Central dept. 1 (adult) R.P.C. 13 December 2014 Asunción, Central dept. 1 (adult) R.P.C. 10 November 2015 Asunción, Central dept. 1 (adult) R.P.C. R.P.C., O. Bordon, J.L. 23 July–14 Sep 2016 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 1 (immature) Mendez, A. Martin Cinnamon Teal (Anas cyanoptera) a few Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente individuals May 1997 H. del Castillo Hayes dept. (including adult males) Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente 20–25 July 1999 1 male H. del Castillo Hayes dept. Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente 16 June 2004 2 pairs A.J.L., H. del Castillo Hayes dept. Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente 2 pairs and a R.P.C., H. del Castillo, 02–03 July 2005 Hayes dept. female L. López Red Shoveler (Anas platalea) Up to 30 Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente individuals (pair May 1997 H. del Castillo Hayes dept. shot by hunters photographed) Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente 20–25 July 1999 Few individuals H. del Castillo Hayes dept. 1 male (presumably the same bird? 05–16 May 2004 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. R.P.C., A.J.L., H. del Castillo Remains later found on 21 May) H. del Castillo, M. de 30 May 2004 Estancia La Graciela, Misiones dept. 12 Bernard, M. Montiel, A. Stroessner A.J.L., H. del Castillo, R. 03 June 2004 Estancia La Graciela, Misiones dept. 7 Elsam, M. Ibarra Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Waterbird records from Paraguay Lesterhuis et al. Number of Date Locality Observer individuals 3 (adult male and female, and 05 June 2004 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. R.P.C. an immature male) Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente A.J.L., H. del Castillo, M. de 15–18 June 2004 125 Hayes dept. Bernard, M. Montiel Laguna Campo Leon, Presidente Hayes 14 July 2004 8 A.J.L., E. Coconier dept. R.P.C., P.S., C. Morales, S. 29 June–04 July 2005 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 2 males Centrón, L. López, H. Batjes, C. Hesse R.P.C., H. del Castilo, L. Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente 03 July 2005 950 López, S. Centrón, H. Cabral Hayes dept. Beconi Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente H. del Castillo, H. Cabral 02 September 2005 <1000 Hayes dept. Beconi, R. Zarza, F. Fragano 26 April 2009 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 18 R.P.C. 21 June 2009 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 2 males P.S. R.P.C., A.J.L., M. Jeffrey, K. 05 October 2009 Bahía de Asunción, Central dept. 1 Pierson Laguna Lucero, Presidente Hayes dept. 07 July 2015 10 A.J.L., H. Cabral Beconi o o (22 33'S; 59 26'W). Blue-winged Teal in the company of c. 100 Ringed collected by Félix Posner at Monte Sociedad Colony Teal Callonetta leucophrys and Brazilian Teal Amazonetta (now Benjamín Aceval), Presidente Hayes dept. (Bertoni brasiliensis at Campo María, Presidente Hayes dept. The 1930). In that publication, Bertoni (1930) stated that he bird was easily identified t hrough a combination of small had never recorded the species in the forested area of the size, longish body, bluish-grey head contrasting with warm Oriental region. Bertoni's (1939) listing of Villa Hayes brown underparts heavily marked with dark spotting, is in reference to the same record. However, numerous white facial crescent, white flank patch and black vent. In previous citations of the species in Paraguay also exist. flight, the pale blue forewing, bordered by a white greater Vieillot (1817) described the species based on Azara covert bar (broadening distally) and green speculum were 448 “Focha de ligas roxas” and gave the type locality as obvious, while the largely white underwing with broad “Paraguay”, but in fact Azara (1802) states that his two blackish leading edge was also conspicuous. An adult specimens came from Buenos Aires, Argentina and he male, was observed at Laguna Capitán, Presidente Hayes makes no mention of the species in Paraguay, contra o o dept. (22 32'S; 59 40'W) during November 2004 by N. Hartlaub (1854) and Laubmann (1939). Hartlaub López (pers. comm. 2005). The first documented re cord (1854) and Berlepsch (1887) included the species for of the species in Paraguay was a male at Campo Leon Paraguay based on Azara 448, but also cite a specimen o o (22 34'S; 59 32'W) photographed by O. Bordon on 6 from “Misiones” Paraguay collected by Bonpland, and August 2016 (Fig. 1C). deposited in the Museum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, Anas discors is found with some regularity as far though we were unable to trace this specimen. Though south as Argentina (Mazar-Barnett & Pearman 2001), Aimé Bonpland lived in the town of Santa María de thus its occurrence in Paraguay is not surprising. All three Fé in Paraguay for many years, he also spent much of records have been in relative proximity and given that the his time in Corrientes, Argentina (at that time part of species can live for over 20 years (USGS Patuxent Wildlife Paraguay) and thus the exact collection locality of this Research Center 2015), it is possible that the records refer bird is of some relevance. Subsequent to this, it was also to the same individual. included in the Paraguayan avifauna by Sharpe (1894), Red-gartered Coot Fulica armillata (Rallidae): Bertoni (1901, 1914), Ihering (1904), Peters (1934) and Hayes (1995) considered the occurrence of this species Hellmayr & Conover (1942), amongst others. In August in Paraguay as hypothetical based on a lost specimen 1995, the species was reported by Kevin Burns at Rancho Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Waterbird records from Paraguay Lesterhuis et al. Chaco (Presidente Hayes dept.), but no further detail of were specimens collected 235 km W of Río Negro the record was provided. However there have been very (Presidente Hayes dept.) in June and September 1939 few concrete, well-documented reports. (Storer 1989). One of these birds was a juvenile with On the 30 May 2004, H. del Castillo, M. de Bernard, wings too short for flight, suggestive of local breeding A. Stroessner and M. Montiel found a F. armillata (Storer 1989, Hayes 1995). Two further specimens with eight White-winged Coots Fulica leucoptera in a in USNM (59894, 59896) with locality “Paraguay, small artificial lagoon at Estancia La Graciela, Misiones Santa Fe, Rio Salado” seem certain to have come from o o Department (26 34'52''S; 56 49'18''W). The bir d was Argentina and not Paraguay (Storer 1989). Contreras still present on 03 June 2004, when it was also seen et al. (1989a, 1989b) provided a review of Paraguayan by A.J.L., J. Klavins, R. Elsam, A. Spiridonoff and M. records of the species until that point, citing additional Ibarra. This bir d was documented by photos taken by records from Lago Ypoá, Paraguarí dept., on 27 August A.J.L. which clearly show the wine-red band separating 1989; the Paraná River at Refugio Biológico Mbaracayú, the rather broad yellowish bill from the frontal shield Canindeyú dept. (28 August to 09 September 1985); (Fig. 1D). The bir d was also noticeably larger than the Ruta Transchaco km 416, Boquerón dept. (07 December accompanying F. leucoptera. Additional subsequent 1990); the Paraguay River near the mouth of the Bermejo records are provided in Table 1. River (07 July 1992) and the Paraguay River at Puerto The population of northeastern Argentina is Naranjito (17 September 1992), both at Ñeembucú dept. considered to consist of austral migrant birds (Taylor Additional subsequent records include one 1998). In Paraguay it appears to occur in small numbers individual on 25 July 2009 at Laguna Blanca (Smith et al. as a rare but regular austral migrant during the austral 2016), one individual observed at Bahía de Asunción on winter, probably as part of the same northward movement. 10 and 14 October 2010 (R.P.C., A.J.L., P.S. and H. del Castillo) and three at Laguna León (Chaco Central) on Noteworthy records 11 July 2012 and 26 August 2012 (R.P.C.). This species seems to occur fairly regularly in the Silvery Grebe Podiceps occipitalis (Podicipedidae): Hayes country. However, the species is not resident and the et al. (2004) summarized records of the species in pattern of records is not suggestive of migration so much Paraguay to that point, considering P. occipitalis to be as random dispersal or nomadism. Consequently, we an uncommon austral migrant to Paraguay. He reported consider this species to be a regular vagrant in Paraguay, one individual at Estancia Golondrina, Presidente Hayes noting that it might occasionally breed when conditions o o dept. (24 56'S; 57 42'W) and observations of up to ten are suitable. birds at Laguna Salada, Presidente Hayes dept. (22 32'S; Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea (Ardeidae): first 59 18'W). Details of additional new records, including listed for Paraguay in a catalogue by Pinto (1938), with flocks of 175 and 78 bir ds simultaneously in the central no details provided, and then by Bertoni (1939) who cited Chaco (Lesterhuis et al. 2005), are provided in Table 1. it as his source. Hellmayr & Conover (1948) specifically It seems likely that P. occipitalis has been somewhat stated that the species had “never been recorded in overlooked in Paraguay, occurring as an irregular and Paraguay” and the country was subsequently omitted irruptive austral migrant. Large numbers, such as those from the range of the species in an updated edition of the observed in 2004 and 2005, seem to occur during very same catalogue (Pinto 1978), suggesting a retraction of cold winters and are most likely to be observed in the the earlier report. Paraguayan Chaco west of the Paraguay River. The first recor d with a locality is thus Peris & Suárez Great Grebe Podiceps major (Podicipedidae): Bertoni (1985) who reported small flocks of 2 –3 birds in southern (1901) and presumably also Ihering (1904) listed the Presidente Hayes dept. along the Ruta Trans Chaco species for Paraguay on the basis of Azara No. 443 “Macá between km 100 and km 260 during December 1983. Cornudo”. Azara (1805) does not clarify the origin of However, Hayes (1995) considered these as hypothetical his birds, but does state in the introduction to the family due to a lack of details. The first documented re cord was a that he “described them all from Paraguay” and that he non-breeding individual photographed by F. Hayes on 18 “released them in his room”. Schlegel (1867) reported August 1988 at Puerto Bahía Negra, Alto Paraguay dept. two specimens from “Paraguay” in “perfect plumage”, (Hayes et al. 1990). Subsequently, R. Ryan observed one of which is sexed as a male, but no more details one bird at Ruta Trans Chaco km 79, President Hayes were provided and we have been unable to trace them. dept., on 08 August 1994 (Hayes 1995). Additional Berlepsch (1887) listed the species with a query, Bertoni unpublished records are provided in Table 1. This species (1914, 1939) listed it as requiring confirmation, and t he seems to be occurring with increasing frequency in central species was omitted entirely by Laubmann (1939). South America and may be undergoing range expansion. The first verifiable Paraguayan recor ds of the species For the time being we consider this species to be an Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Waterbird records from Paraguay Lesterhuis et al. increasingly regular vagrant in Paraguay. male, 105029) and two in the USNM (a male and female, Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera (Anatidae): USNM 390658 and 399450). An additional specimen Berlepsch (1887) included the species in his list of record, a female collected by Alberto Schulze and Jacob “potential” additions to the Paraguayan avifauna. Bertoni Unger on 17 February 1939, 170 km W of Puerto Casado (1914, 1939) however, included the species as confirmed (UMMZ 105030) was apparently overlooked by Hayes in Paraguay, though he provided no locality or reference (J. Hinshaw, in litt. 2004). It would appear that all of to support this. Hayes (1995) reported just two localities these are from the same series of specimens, as all four for the species, one of which “near Fortín Donovan” (Kerr birds were collected in February 1939, at least three from 1892) is actually in Argentina according to the coordinates the same general area (there is no locality information for provided. Consequently, the first documented re cord is a USNM 399450; J. Dean, in litt. 2004, J. Hinshaw, in specimen of the subspecies A. c. cyanoptera collected 170 litt. 2004). Additional subsequent records are provided km W of Puerto Casado on 01 March 1938 (UMMZ in Table 1. 96201) (Storer 1989). Hayes (1995) considered Red Shoveler to be a Two additional specimens of Cinnamon Teal are breeding resident, presumably on the basis of the records purportedly from Paraguay. A specimen labelled as “Anas in January and February. However, we are not aware cyanoptera or Anas discors” in the Jacob Unger Museum in of any evidence of breeding, and the recent records in Filadelfia, Boquerón Department, is clearly this species, discrete windows of time, sometimes involving quite large identifiable by the large broad bill, plain head pattern numbers, suggests the species may be somewhat nomadic, and rufous wash to the plumage, especially on the flanks mainly during winter and in response to favourable local and breast sides. Although no locality data are provided, conditions. all specimens in the museum were collected by Jacob Unger, who is only known to have collected in the central Paraguayan Chaco. An additional specimen held in the DISCUSSION USNM (USNM 571248) was collected during the 1850s or 1860s by Captain T.J. Page of the US Navy Steamer With these new additions to the list of Paraguayan Water Witch. The only locality information is “Paraguay”, avifauna, including the recently added gull and tern but the specimen probably originates from Argentina. species described in Clay et al. (2017), the total of true The latest records of the species are all from the waterbird species in Paraguay is 123, comprising 19 same locality, Laguna Sanidad, Estero Patiño, Presidente families. Most of these new additions are a direct result of a Hayes dept. Details are provided in Table 1. This species growing interest in birding amongst Paraguayans, leading is known from very few records of a small number of to a “mini-revival” of waterbird watching in the country. individuals from March to July. We consider this species The subsequent increase in field effort is having a positive to be a rare and irregular straggler to Paraguay, with effect on the amount of data available to resear chers records representing overshooting migrants from further and previously undetected patterns of movement are south. beginning to emerge. Whilst it is still too early to begin Red Shoveler Anas platalea (Anatidae): first reported to formulate hypotheses, the signs for being able to do so for Paraguay by Azara (1802) as his No. 431 “Pato in the near future are positive. On the other hand, just Espátula”, where he notes that “Noséda killed two of three as interest in the local fauna is beginning to take off, the birds in Paraguay during July”. Padre Nóseda was based at country is also facing severe environmental challenges San Ignacio, Misiones dept., and this may be presumed with accelerating deforestation rates in the Chaco region to be the collection site. Berlepsch (1887), Bertoni (1901, (one of the hotspots for “waterbirding”) and the draining 1914, 1939), Ihering (1904) and Hellmayr & Conover of wetlands and seasonally flooded grasslands in southern (1948) then all listed the species for Paraguay, without Paraguay amongst the most serious conservation issues providing any additional locality data. affecting the country and its waterbird populations. Hayes (1995) listed six reports of Red Shoveler The availability and publication of data that contributes in Paraguay, one of which from the vicinity of Fortín to a better understanding of the patterns and processes Donovan (Kerr 1892) is actually in Argentina, according affecting waterbir d distribution in Paraguay is thus an to the coordinates provided. The author reported his own obligation to field resear chers working in the country. sight records of a single bird at Estancia La Golondrina, Presidente Hayes dept. on 09 July 1989; a pair at Bahía ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS de Asunción, Central dept. on 11 January 1989, a female only at the same locality on 18 January 1989 and a single female on 15 February 1989. Additionally, he reported James Dean (Smithsonian Institution) and Janet Hinshaw (UMMZ) checked the identification and label and three older specimen records, one held in the UMMZ (a Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Waterbird records from Paraguay Lesterhuis et al. Hayes F.E., Lyons J.A. & Escobar-Argaña J. 2004. Additional records catalogue details of Paraguayan specimens. Also, thanks to of the Silvery Grebe (Podiceps o. occipitalis), a Neotropical austral current and former staff and members of Guyra Paraguay migrant, in Paraguay. Cotinga 22: 107–108. that joined fieldtrips and/or shared t heir observations (J. Hellmayr C.E. & Conover B. 1942. Catalogue of the birds of the Klavins, H. del Castillo, M. de Bernard, M. Montiel, R Americas and the adjacent islands, Part 1, Number 1. Field Elsam, F. Fragano, L. López, A. Stroessner, E. Coconier, Museum of Natural Histor,y Publication 514, Zoological Series 13: 1–636. S. Centrón, H. Cabral Beconi, R. Zarza). P.S. is grateful Hellmayr C.E. & Conover B. 1948. Catalogue of the birds of the to the tour participants on FAUNA Paraguay tours during Americas, Part 1, Number 2. Field Museum of Natural History, which some of these species were recorded. P.S. thanks Publication 615, Zoological Series 13: 1–434. the PRONII program of CONACYT for its support. Ihering H. von. 1904. Aves do Paraguay. Revista do Museu Paulista 6: 316–344. R.P.C. and A.J.L. thank Wetlands International and the Johnsgard P.A. 1978. Ducks, geese, and swans of the world. Lincoln: Canadian Wildlife Service for the financial support to University of Nebraska Press. 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Journal

Ornithology ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 1, 2018

Keywords: Anatidae; Ardeidae; distribution; Podicipedidae; Rallidae

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