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Abstract Urological malignancies, represented mainly by prostate, bladder, and renal cancers, are some of the leading causes of cancer-related mortalities worldwide. Despite various efforts over decades to develop early detection tests and effective therapeutic paradigms, the response rate to the existing treatments remains low for both primary and late stage/recurrent phases of these cancers. The evolving landscape of molecular diagnostics, aiming to make the diagnosis and treatment more patient-driven, underpins precision oncology and particularly intends to rationally profile individual tumors and highlight the mechanistic insight and complexity of tumor microenvironment in order to develop biomarkers of toxicity risks and response prediction in a clinically oriented dynamical setting. The present review is an effort to capture some of the recent developments in the area of molecular diagnostics and functional testing platforms and their potential application in clinical decision making in the premises of precision oncology of urological malignancies.
Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 2017
Keywords: surgical oncology; oncology; surgery
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