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Microbiological and lipolytic changes in high-pressure-treated raw milk cheeses during refrigerated storage

Microbiological and lipolytic changes in high-pressure-treated raw milk cheeses during... High-pressure processing (HPP) has been used to control microorganisms and enzymes and avoid over-ripening in cheese. Excessive lipolysis is associated with over-ripening in cheese. However, little information about the effect of high pressure on microorganisms and lipolysis in mature cheese is available. For this reason, microbiological and lipolytic changes during refrigerated storage of pressurised Torta del Casar cheese (a raw ewe’s milk cheese) were studied. Mature cheeses (60 days of ripening) were high-pressure treated (200 or 600 MPa for 5 or 20 min) and stored at 6 °C. Cheese samples were analysed at day 60, just after high-pressure treatment, and during the refrigerated storage (at days 120, 180 and 240). Enterobacteriaceae counts were significantly reduced after high-pressure treatment, thus increasing the food safety of this cheese. In particular, Enterobacteriaceae showed a significant (p < 0.01) decrease of 2.18 and 2.46 log units in cheeses treated at 200 MPa for 20 min at days 120 and 180, respectively; however, treatment at 600 MPa for 20 min only caused reductions of 2.09 and 1.79 log units at days 120 and 180. Free fatty acids content was not significantly influenced by high-pressure treatment, although it increased with time of storage. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Dairy Science & Technology Springer Journals

Microbiological and lipolytic changes in high-pressure-treated raw milk cheeses during refrigerated storage

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by INRA and Springer-Verlag France
Subject
Chemistry; Food Science; Agriculture; Microbiology
ISSN
1958-5586
eISSN
1958-5594
DOI
10.1007/s13594-015-0219-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

High-pressure processing (HPP) has been used to control microorganisms and enzymes and avoid over-ripening in cheese. Excessive lipolysis is associated with over-ripening in cheese. However, little information about the effect of high pressure on microorganisms and lipolysis in mature cheese is available. For this reason, microbiological and lipolytic changes during refrigerated storage of pressurised Torta del Casar cheese (a raw ewe’s milk cheese) were studied. Mature cheeses (60 days of ripening) were high-pressure treated (200 or 600 MPa for 5 or 20 min) and stored at 6 °C. Cheese samples were analysed at day 60, just after high-pressure treatment, and during the refrigerated storage (at days 120, 180 and 240). Enterobacteriaceae counts were significantly reduced after high-pressure treatment, thus increasing the food safety of this cheese. In particular, Enterobacteriaceae showed a significant (p < 0.01) decrease of 2.18 and 2.46 log units in cheeses treated at 200 MPa for 20 min at days 120 and 180, respectively; however, treatment at 600 MPa for 20 min only caused reductions of 2.09 and 1.79 log units at days 120 and 180. Free fatty acids content was not significantly influenced by high-pressure treatment, although it increased with time of storage.

Journal

Dairy Science & TechnologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 19, 2015

References