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Learner Control Aids Learning from Instructional Videos with a Virtual Human

Learner Control Aids Learning from Instructional Videos with a Virtual Human Experimental research around virtual humans acting as pedagogical agents has often taken place in learner-paced learning environments. However, virtual humans are increasingly embedded in educational materials such as instructional videos, where the pacing of the environment can be fundamentally different than a stand-alone learner-controlled software package. This study examined the influence of three types of pacing with varying levels of learner control when learning from an instructional video with an embedded virtual human. The results of our three-group randomized study indicate that increased learner control led to the strongest learning outcomes, although moderate learner control was the most instructionally efficient. The results suggest that some aspects of learner control can be beneficial when learning from instructional videos with embedded virtual humans. Keywords Pedagogical agent · Virtual human · Pacing · Learner control · Instructional video 1 Introduction The use of instructional videos to convey content to students outside of the classroom is becoming increasingly common as many educators move towards the “flipped classroom” approach (Herreid and Schiller 2013) and fully online learning classrooms (Szpunar et al. 2014; Moore and Kearsley 2011). However, a critical question remains: How should we design and implement instructional videos to most effectively facilitate learning? There are many important aspects http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png "Technology, Knowledge and Learning" Springer Journals

Learner Control Aids Learning from Instructional Videos with a Virtual Human

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 by Springer Nature B.V.
Subject
Education; Learning and Instruction; Mathematics Education; Educational Technology; Science Education; Creativity and Arts Education
ISSN
2211-1662
eISSN
2211-1670
DOI
10.1007/s10758-019-09417-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Experimental research around virtual humans acting as pedagogical agents has often taken place in learner-paced learning environments. However, virtual humans are increasingly embedded in educational materials such as instructional videos, where the pacing of the environment can be fundamentally different than a stand-alone learner-controlled software package. This study examined the influence of three types of pacing with varying levels of learner control when learning from an instructional video with an embedded virtual human. The results of our three-group randomized study indicate that increased learner control led to the strongest learning outcomes, although moderate learner control was the most instructionally efficient. The results suggest that some aspects of learner control can be beneficial when learning from instructional videos with embedded virtual humans. Keywords Pedagogical agent · Virtual human · Pacing · Learner control · Instructional video 1 Introduction The use of instructional videos to convey content to students outside of the classroom is becoming increasingly common as many educators move towards the “flipped classroom” approach (Herreid and Schiller 2013) and fully online learning classrooms (Szpunar et al. 2014; Moore and Kearsley 2011). However, a critical question remains: How should we design and implement instructional videos to most effectively facilitate learning? There are many important aspects

Journal

"Technology, Knowledge and Learning"Springer Journals

Published: Jun 17, 2019

References