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Investigation of weakly-nonlinear development of unsteady Görtler vortices

Investigation of weakly-nonlinear development of unsteady Görtler vortices Abstract We have examined, both experimentally (using fully controlled disturbances) and theoretically, the weakly-nonlinear development stages of unsteady (in general) Görtler instability of a boundary layer over a concave surface. Primary attention was given to early manifestations of nonlinearity in the development of unsteady Görtler vortices belonging to the first, most rapidly growing, mode in the discrete spectrum of the stability problem. We have investigated the manifestations of instability versus the frequency of the fundamental (primary) Görtler mode and the initial disturbance amplitude. The weakly-nonlinear stage of development of unsteady Görtler vortices was found to display the following characteristic features: (a) nonlinear interaction among the combination modes in the frequency-wavenumber spectrum, (b) distortion of the wall-normal profiles of disturbance amplitudes and phases, (c) reduction of the growth rate of the fundamental Görtler mode and the majority of combination modes, and (d) a decrease in the phase velocities of unsteady disturbances. It was found that the disturbances enter the region of weakly-nonlinear development after the amplitude of the fundamental frequency-wavenumber mode reaches a threshold of 4–6 %, this value being much greater than that for Tollmien — Schlichting waves (1–2 %) but significantly lower than that for the cross-flow instability modes in three-dimensional boundary layer (more than 10 %). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Thermophysics and Aeromechanics Springer Journals

Investigation of weakly-nonlinear development of unsteady Görtler vortices

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
2010 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
ISSN
0869-8643
eISSN
1531-8699
DOI
10.1134/S0869864310040013
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract We have examined, both experimentally (using fully controlled disturbances) and theoretically, the weakly-nonlinear development stages of unsteady (in general) Görtler instability of a boundary layer over a concave surface. Primary attention was given to early manifestations of nonlinearity in the development of unsteady Görtler vortices belonging to the first, most rapidly growing, mode in the discrete spectrum of the stability problem. We have investigated the manifestations of instability versus the frequency of the fundamental (primary) Görtler mode and the initial disturbance amplitude. The weakly-nonlinear stage of development of unsteady Görtler vortices was found to display the following characteristic features: (a) nonlinear interaction among the combination modes in the frequency-wavenumber spectrum, (b) distortion of the wall-normal profiles of disturbance amplitudes and phases, (c) reduction of the growth rate of the fundamental Görtler mode and the majority of combination modes, and (d) a decrease in the phase velocities of unsteady disturbances. It was found that the disturbances enter the region of weakly-nonlinear development after the amplitude of the fundamental frequency-wavenumber mode reaches a threshold of 4–6 %, this value being much greater than that for Tollmien — Schlichting waves (1–2 %) but significantly lower than that for the cross-flow instability modes in three-dimensional boundary layer (more than 10 %).

Journal

Thermophysics and AeromechanicsSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 1, 2010

References