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Improving the reaction efficiency of condensation amidation of piperazine with benzoic acid based on kinetics study in microreactors

Improving the reaction efficiency of condensation amidation of piperazine with benzoic acid based... Here we developed a continuous flow microreactor system to synthesis N-benzoylpiperazine, which is an important intermediate of novel nootropic Sunifiram. And the kinetics of the condensation amidation of piperazine and benzoic acid using HATU as coupling reagent was revealed in microreactor. A kinetic model was established, all the reactions kinetics parameters, including the reaction order of each reactant, rate constants, pre-exponential factors and activation energies were acquired. With this model the selectivity vs. reaction temperature/molar flow ratio were obtained to help understand this kind of reaction and further optimize operating conditions. Under the condition of using equivalent piperazine, 95.6% of selectivity and 91.2% of yield were obtained in microreactor with 50 s. To further expand the scope of carboxylic acid, cyclopropanecarboxylic acid was tried as acylating agent, and 92.8% of selectivity and 86.1% of yield were obtained in microreactor. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Flow Chemistry Springer Journals

Improving the reaction efficiency of condensation amidation of piperazine with benzoic acid based on kinetics study in microreactors

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Akadémiai Kiadó 2021
ISSN
2062-249X
eISSN
2063-0212
DOI
10.1007/s41981-021-00166-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Here we developed a continuous flow microreactor system to synthesis N-benzoylpiperazine, which is an important intermediate of novel nootropic Sunifiram. And the kinetics of the condensation amidation of piperazine and benzoic acid using HATU as coupling reagent was revealed in microreactor. A kinetic model was established, all the reactions kinetics parameters, including the reaction order of each reactant, rate constants, pre-exponential factors and activation energies were acquired. With this model the selectivity vs. reaction temperature/molar flow ratio were obtained to help understand this kind of reaction and further optimize operating conditions. Under the condition of using equivalent piperazine, 95.6% of selectivity and 91.2% of yield were obtained in microreactor with 50 s. To further expand the scope of carboxylic acid, cyclopropanecarboxylic acid was tried as acylating agent, and 92.8% of selectivity and 86.1% of yield were obtained in microreactor.

Journal

Journal of Flow ChemistrySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 1, 2021

Keywords: Monoacylation; Condensation amidation; Microreactor; Piperazine; Kinetics study

References