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Impact of Chest Wall Perforator Flaps on Rates of Total Mastectomy in Breast Cancer

Impact of Chest Wall Perforator Flaps on Rates of Total Mastectomy in Breast Cancer Breast-conserving surgery (BCS) outcomes are comparable to mastectomy in breast cancer treatment. However, patients with large tumours were offered mastectomy due to the resulting poor cosmetic sequelae after standard BCS. With the introduction of chest wall perforator flaps (CWPF), BCS is an option in patients with large tumour:breast ratio. The objective of our study was to evaluate the surgical outcomes of CWPFs and their impact on mastectomy rates. In order to assess the impact of CWPF on mastectomy rates, patients who underwent breast cancer surgery from January 2016 to December 2019 were included in a cohort named group A. In group A, the type of surgery performed was collected for each year from January 2016 to December 2019. Patients who underwent BCS and CWPF from July 2016 to June 2021 were included in another cohort named group B. In group B, patient-related and disease-specific details including post-operative complications were collected and analysed. In group A, following the introduction of CWPF, the mastectomy rates dropped by 10.69% and the mastectomy with reconstruction rates dropped by 23.29%. In group B, a total of 152 patients underwent CWPF reconstructions. The median tumour size was 20 mm (range = 0–80). A majority of patients were discharged within 24-h hospital stay (98.2%). Seventeen patients (11.11%) had a re-operation for margin positivity. Sixteen patients (10.46%) developed early complications and 19 patients (12.42%) developed delayed complications. CWPFs expand indications for BCS thus reducing mastectomy rates. It also has less morbidity when compared to reported mastectomy and reconstruction rates, thus making it a safe option for suitable patients. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology Springer Journals

Impact of Chest Wall Perforator Flaps on Rates of Total Mastectomy in Breast Cancer

Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology , Volume 13 (3) – Sep 1, 2022

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Crown 2022
ISSN
0975-7651
eISSN
0976-6952
DOI
10.1007/s13193-022-01506-w
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Breast-conserving surgery (BCS) outcomes are comparable to mastectomy in breast cancer treatment. However, patients with large tumours were offered mastectomy due to the resulting poor cosmetic sequelae after standard BCS. With the introduction of chest wall perforator flaps (CWPF), BCS is an option in patients with large tumour:breast ratio. The objective of our study was to evaluate the surgical outcomes of CWPFs and their impact on mastectomy rates. In order to assess the impact of CWPF on mastectomy rates, patients who underwent breast cancer surgery from January 2016 to December 2019 were included in a cohort named group A. In group A, the type of surgery performed was collected for each year from January 2016 to December 2019. Patients who underwent BCS and CWPF from July 2016 to June 2021 were included in another cohort named group B. In group B, patient-related and disease-specific details including post-operative complications were collected and analysed. In group A, following the introduction of CWPF, the mastectomy rates dropped by 10.69% and the mastectomy with reconstruction rates dropped by 23.29%. In group B, a total of 152 patients underwent CWPF reconstructions. The median tumour size was 20 mm (range = 0–80). A majority of patients were discharged within 24-h hospital stay (98.2%). Seventeen patients (11.11%) had a re-operation for margin positivity. Sixteen patients (10.46%) developed early complications and 19 patients (12.42%) developed delayed complications. CWPFs expand indications for BCS thus reducing mastectomy rates. It also has less morbidity when compared to reported mastectomy and reconstruction rates, thus making it a safe option for suitable patients.

Journal

Indian Journal of Surgical OncologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 1, 2022

Keywords: Breast-conserving surgery; Chest wall perforator flap; Mastectomy

References