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Impact assessment of monocentric urban core on road accident in Mekelle City, Northern Ethiopia

Impact assessment of monocentric urban core on road accident in Mekelle City, Northern Ethiopia Road transport infrastructure as a major traffic corridor constitutes an important element providing accessibility to different land uses, and proper functioning of human settlements and urban development are incapable without it. Development patterns are concentrated in the monocentricity, so the traffic management system has to control, coordinate and supervise movements of vehicles at particular road networks where traffic conflicts are beholden. This study is aimed at impact assessment of monocentric urban core on road accident and sets conclusions. Purposive interviews, focus group discussions, and questionnaires were conducted as the data signify. Traffic count was conducted for three days (Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday) at peak and off-peak hours on Kedamay Weyane Street, Agazi Street, and Milano Hotel Street to understand the impacts of monocentric on a traffic accident. Findings and results signified that monocentricity with deficiency of modern traffic controlling devices and lack of strong traffic management system in the urban core boosted road accidents in the city. Furthermore, road accidents revealed from the finding in 2020 are as follows: death 11, Heavy injury 93, moderate injury 76, and Low injury 19. The structure plan of Mekelle city has a model on the polycentric urban cores development pattern. Though the structure plan of the city has a documented concept of polycentricity, it mismatches with the spatial proposed land use plan. Hence, this study disagrees with its discoordination, and recommends polycentricity with traffic management system powered by modern traffic materials, and public transportation as transport cost affordability. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Innovative Infrastructure Solutions Springer Journals

Impact assessment of monocentric urban core on road accident in Mekelle City, Northern Ethiopia

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022
ISSN
2364-4176
eISSN
2364-4184
DOI
10.1007/s41062-022-00841-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Road transport infrastructure as a major traffic corridor constitutes an important element providing accessibility to different land uses, and proper functioning of human settlements and urban development are incapable without it. Development patterns are concentrated in the monocentricity, so the traffic management system has to control, coordinate and supervise movements of vehicles at particular road networks where traffic conflicts are beholden. This study is aimed at impact assessment of monocentric urban core on road accident and sets conclusions. Purposive interviews, focus group discussions, and questionnaires were conducted as the data signify. Traffic count was conducted for three days (Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday) at peak and off-peak hours on Kedamay Weyane Street, Agazi Street, and Milano Hotel Street to understand the impacts of monocentric on a traffic accident. Findings and results signified that monocentricity with deficiency of modern traffic controlling devices and lack of strong traffic management system in the urban core boosted road accidents in the city. Furthermore, road accidents revealed from the finding in 2020 are as follows: death 11, Heavy injury 93, moderate injury 76, and Low injury 19. The structure plan of Mekelle city has a model on the polycentric urban cores development pattern. Though the structure plan of the city has a documented concept of polycentricity, it mismatches with the spatial proposed land use plan. Hence, this study disagrees with its discoordination, and recommends polycentricity with traffic management system powered by modern traffic materials, and public transportation as transport cost affordability.

Journal

Innovative Infrastructure SolutionsSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 1, 2022

Keywords: Monocentricity; Urban core; Traffic management system; Road accident; Polycentricity

References