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Identifying the Potential Location of Day Care Centers for the Elderly in Tokyo: an Integrated Framework

Identifying the Potential Location of Day Care Centers for the Elderly in Tokyo: an Integrated... Day care centers for the elderly (DC centers) in the Tokyo metropolitan area are urgently needed with the increasing population of elderly people. The departments have tried to make efficient use of existing kindergartens as potential locations of DC centers, considering the shortage of available new sites for DC centers. The present study aims to identify the potential location of DC centers from the existing kindergartens by means of spatial distributive evaluation. Based on the Geographic Information Systems (GIS), an integrated framework consisting of two models has been proposed. The first model is the enhanced spatial equity measurement (ESEM) which is employed to calculate the spatial equity indices (SEI) of DC centers and the second is the potential evaluation (PE) which is employed to calculate the priority values of identified kindergartens, combining the site selection of DC centers and the use of kindergartens. The results show that with the dynamic change of demand population from 2015 to 2030, the distribution of spatial SEI and priority values is diverse. And 21,18, 22 potential locations of DC centers are identified respectively in the year 2015, 2020, and 2030. This study aims to help the departments improve the site selection of health care facilities, especially for those dedicated to the elderly. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy Springer Journals

Identifying the Potential Location of Day Care Centers for the Elderly in Tokyo: an Integrated Framework

Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy , Volume 13 (3) – Sep 20, 2020

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Springer Nature B.V. 2019
Subject
Social Sciences; Human Geography; Landscape/Regional and Urban Planning; Regional/Spatial Science
ISSN
1874-463X
eISSN
1874-4621
DOI
10.1007/s12061-019-09319-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Day care centers for the elderly (DC centers) in the Tokyo metropolitan area are urgently needed with the increasing population of elderly people. The departments have tried to make efficient use of existing kindergartens as potential locations of DC centers, considering the shortage of available new sites for DC centers. The present study aims to identify the potential location of DC centers from the existing kindergartens by means of spatial distributive evaluation. Based on the Geographic Information Systems (GIS), an integrated framework consisting of two models has been proposed. The first model is the enhanced spatial equity measurement (ESEM) which is employed to calculate the spatial equity indices (SEI) of DC centers and the second is the potential evaluation (PE) which is employed to calculate the priority values of identified kindergartens, combining the site selection of DC centers and the use of kindergartens. The results show that with the dynamic change of demand population from 2015 to 2030, the distribution of spatial SEI and priority values is diverse. And 21,18, 22 potential locations of DC centers are identified respectively in the year 2015, 2020, and 2030. This study aims to help the departments improve the site selection of health care facilities, especially for those dedicated to the elderly.

Journal

Applied Spatial Analysis and PolicySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 20, 2020

References