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Hydrodynamic models for heavy-ion collisions and beyond

Hydrodynamic models for heavy-ion collisions and beyond A generic property of a first-order phase transition in equilibrium, and in the limit of large entropy per unit of conserved charge, is the smallness of the isentropic speed of sound in the “mixed phase”. A specific prediction is that this should lead to a non-isotropic momentum distribution of nucleons in the reaction plane (for energies ≈ 40 A GeV in our model calculation). On the other hand, we show that from present effective theories for low-energy QCD one does not expect the thermal transition rate between various states of the effective potential to be much larger than the expansion rate, questioning the applicability of the idealized Maxwell/Gibbs construction. Experimental data could soon provide essential information on the dynamics of the phase transition. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Acta Physica Hungarica Series A, Heavy Ion Physics Springer Journals

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Akadémiai Kiadó
Subject
Physics; Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons
ISSN
1219-7580
eISSN
1588-2675
DOI
10.1556/APH.14.2001.1-4.12
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A generic property of a first-order phase transition in equilibrium, and in the limit of large entropy per unit of conserved charge, is the smallness of the isentropic speed of sound in the “mixed phase”. A specific prediction is that this should lead to a non-isotropic momentum distribution of nucleons in the reaction plane (for energies ≈ 40 A GeV in our model calculation). On the other hand, we show that from present effective theories for low-energy QCD one does not expect the thermal transition rate between various states of the effective potential to be much larger than the expansion rate, questioning the applicability of the idealized Maxwell/Gibbs construction. Experimental data could soon provide essential information on the dynamics of the phase transition.

Journal

Acta Physica Hungarica Series A, Heavy Ion PhysicsSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 28, 2009

References