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Generation of nonstationary Görtler vortices by localized surface nonuniformities. Receptivity coefficients

Generation of nonstationary Görtler vortices by localized surface nonuniformities. Receptivity... Abstract The mechanism of production of nonstationary Görtler vortices in a boundary layer on concave wall by surface nonuniformities (vibrations and roughness) has been experimentally examined. The nonuniformities were produced by a specially developed disturbance source. They were controlled, localized along the streamwise coordinate, and periodic over the span of the experimental model. Tests in a low-turbulence wind tunnel have proved that the disturbance source is an efficient means of experimental study of the receptivity and stability problem for boundary layers dominated by Görtler instability. The operation of the disturbance source leads to the production of small-amplitude nonstationary Görtler vortices (tenth or hundredth fractions of a per cent of the free-stream velocity) with predefined characteristics (frequency and spanwise wavelength). In our experiments, we quantitatively examined the problem of linear receptivity of boundary layer to surface nonuniformities in a broad range of frequencies for the most dangerous spanwise scales of Görtler vortices. The values of the amplitudes and phases of the receptivity coefficients were determined. The amplitudes proved to be much smaller in magnitude in comparison with the excitation of modes of hydrodynamic instabilities of other types (Tollmien-Schlichting waves and cross-flow-instability modes). It was found that, with increasing the frequency, the amplitudes of the receptivity coefficients showed a distinct growth while for high frequencies those amplitudes also exhibited a growth with the spanwise scale of perturbations, although for stationary surface roughness no effect due to this scale was observed. It was found that the dependences on frequency of the efficiency of the mechanisms of stability and receptivity showed opposing behaviors, were in competition, and could partially compensate each other, promoting, thus, the production of boundary-layer Görtler vortices in a broad range of frequencies. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Thermophysics and Aeromechanics Springer Journals

Generation of nonstationary Görtler vortices by localized surface nonuniformities. Receptivity coefficients

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
2012 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
ISSN
0869-8643
eISSN
1531-8699
DOI
10.1134/S0869864312040014
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The mechanism of production of nonstationary Görtler vortices in a boundary layer on concave wall by surface nonuniformities (vibrations and roughness) has been experimentally examined. The nonuniformities were produced by a specially developed disturbance source. They were controlled, localized along the streamwise coordinate, and periodic over the span of the experimental model. Tests in a low-turbulence wind tunnel have proved that the disturbance source is an efficient means of experimental study of the receptivity and stability problem for boundary layers dominated by Görtler instability. The operation of the disturbance source leads to the production of small-amplitude nonstationary Görtler vortices (tenth or hundredth fractions of a per cent of the free-stream velocity) with predefined characteristics (frequency and spanwise wavelength). In our experiments, we quantitatively examined the problem of linear receptivity of boundary layer to surface nonuniformities in a broad range of frequencies for the most dangerous spanwise scales of Görtler vortices. The values of the amplitudes and phases of the receptivity coefficients were determined. The amplitudes proved to be much smaller in magnitude in comparison with the excitation of modes of hydrodynamic instabilities of other types (Tollmien-Schlichting waves and cross-flow-instability modes). It was found that, with increasing the frequency, the amplitudes of the receptivity coefficients showed a distinct growth while for high frequencies those amplitudes also exhibited a growth with the spanwise scale of perturbations, although for stationary surface roughness no effect due to this scale was observed. It was found that the dependences on frequency of the efficiency of the mechanisms of stability and receptivity showed opposing behaviors, were in competition, and could partially compensate each other, promoting, thus, the production of boundary-layer Görtler vortices in a broad range of frequencies.

Journal

Thermophysics and AeromechanicsSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 1, 2012

References