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First records of Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata (Spix, 1825) for the state of Paraná, southern Brazil

First records of Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata (Spix, 1825) for the state of Paraná, southern... Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(4), 416-418 SHORTCOMMUNICATION December 2014 First records of Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata (Spix, 1825) for the state of Paraná, southern Brazil 1,4 2,3 Fabiane Girardi and Eduardo Carrano Parque das Aves, Rodovia das Cataratas, 12.450, CEP 85855-750, Foz do Iguaçu, PR, Brazil. Professor do Curso de Ciências Biológicas, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Rua Imaculada Conceição, 1155, CEP 80215-901, Curitiba, PR, Brazil. CBRO, Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos. Corresponding author: girardi.fs@gmail.com Received on 27 October 2014. Accepted on 8 November 2014. ABSTRACT: We report the first records of the Masked Tityra (Tityra semifasciata) for the state of Paraná, in the city of Foz do Iguaçu, between July and September 2014. These records extend the known distribution range of the species and establish a new southern limit for its geographic distribution within Brazil. Although the species occur in nearby regions, it had never been recorded before in southern Brazil, possibly due to confusion with the congeneric Black-tailed Tityra (Tityra cayana). KEYWORDS: Distribution, Foz do Iguaçu, range extension, Tityridae. The Masked Tityra (Tityra semifasciata) is one of the three Area (APP) in “Parque das Aves”, Foz do Iguaçu, species of the genus occurring in Brazil; it has 20-24 cm (25°37'9.12"S / 54°29'18.09"W). The total area of the and weighs between 77 and 88 g (Mobley & de Juana property is 16 ha, with eight hectares devoted to the 2014), inhabiting humid to semi-arid forest canopy and area of the zoo, and the rest covered by semideciduous crown of taller trees along forest edges, woodland, palm secondary forest at different successional stages. The stands, second growth, relatively open areas from forest property is located only 400 m from the Iguaçu National clearings to savanna with scattered trees, and plantations Park in Brazil and 300 m from the Iguazu National Park (Mobley & de Juana 2014). in Argentina). The species is distributed in Mexico, Belize, On 25 July 2014, a female Masked Tityra was Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa recorded and photographed (Figure 1), with a mixed- Rica, Panama, French Guiana, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, species flock together with Black-crowned Tityra Bolivia, Brazil (primarily S of Amazon in C & S Amazonas (Tityra inquisitor), Three-striped Flycatcher (Conopias E to Pará, Amapá and N Maranhão, S to Acre, Rondônia, trivirgatus), Tropical Parula (Setophaga pitiayumi), Blue S Mato Grosso and N Goiás) (Mobley & de Juana 2014). Dacnis (Dacnis cayana), Guira Tanager (Hemithraupis In Brazil, the southernmost records obtained so far come guira), and Violaceous Euphonia (Euphonia violacea). The from Mato Grosso do Sul State, between 2006 and 2010 mixed-species flock was in the canopy about 20m high. (Godoi et al. 2011). The Three-striped Flycatcher (C. trivirgatus) and Black- In Paraguay, the Masked Tityra was recorded for the crowned Tityra (T. inquisitor) were vocalizing intensely, first time in 1995, at the Forest Nature Reserve Mbaracayú and probably acted as sentries of the flock. The observation (Lowen et al. 1997), while in the Argentina the first record lasted about seven minutes (16:55 to 17:02), allowing took place in 2008, at Iguazu National Park, Misiones detailed observation and obtaining various photographs (Bodrati et al. 2008). In 2010 five additional records of that enabled confirmation of the species identification. T. semifasciata were obtained in Misiones, showing the The mixed-species flock was moving towards the Iguaçu recent expansion of home range in Argentina (Pagano & River and Iguazu National Park, Misiones, Argentina. Bodrati 2011). Between 23 and 29 September of 2014 a male and The first record for the state of Paraná in Brazil a female Masked Tityra were recorded and photographed occurred during banding and monitoring birds activities (Figure 2) resting on a guatambu tree (Balfourodendron conducted by the authors at the Permanent Preservation riedelianum) in front of the restaurant at “Parque das Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(4), 2014 First records of Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata (Spix, 1825) for the state of Paraná, southern Brazil Fabiane Girardi and Eduardo Carrano Aves”. During these days the pair remained in this tree, (Ramphastos dicolorus), Plush-crested Jay (Cyanocorax being seen for long periods and attacking other bird chrysops), Bat Falcon (Falco rufigularis) and Red-rumped species that landed nearby, such as Red-breasted Toucan Cacique (Cacicus haemorrhous). FIGURE 1. A female of Masked Tityra photografed at “Parque das Aves”, Foz do Iguaçu, state of Paraná on 25 July 2014. FIGURE 2. A male (left), and female (right) Masked Tityra photographed between 23 and 29 September 2014, at “Parque das Aves”, Foz do Iguaçu, state of Paraná. In the interval between these records (15 August and Argentina), but one possibility is that prior to these 2014), the authors and Leandro Castillo, recorded records it had been confused with the similar looking a female Masked Tityra at Puerto Iguazu, Misiones, and more abundant Black-tailed Tityra, as suggested by Argentina (25°36'22.3"S / 54°32'53.9"W), only ca. 6 km Bodrati et al. (2008). from the first Paraná record. We recommend therefore that observers in In Brazil, the nearest place from where the species southern Brazil be attentive to the diagnostic features was recorded is Campanário Farm (22°51'22.74"S / of the Masked Tityra, since future records of this 54°59'10.02"W), at Amambaí, Mato Grosso do Sul species could potentially be obtained at additional (Mauricio Neves Godoi pers. comm.), ca. 314 km from localities covered with seasonal semideciduous forests our Paraná record. In Paraguay, the nearest record is 128 in Paraná as well as Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do km, while in Argentina, only 6,4 km (Table 1). Sul. With the accumulation of additional records, the It is not easy to explain the increased number causes of the reported range extension of the Masked of records obtained recently for the Masked Tityra in Tityra in southern South America could perhaps be southern South America (southern Brazil, Paraguay, elucidated. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(4), 2014 First records of Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata (Spix, 1825) for the state of Paraná, southern Brazil Fabiane Girardi and Eduardo Carrano TABLE 1. The shortest distances between records of Masked Tityra in Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil, and the first record for the state of Paraná. Geographic Distance Date Country City/ State Reference Coordinates (Km) 15 August 2014 Argentina Puerto Iguazu, Misiones 25°36'22.30"S 6,1 F.Girardi; E. (Selva Iryapu) 54°32'53.90"W Carrano & L. Castillo (pers. obs.) 29 August 2010 Argentina Puerto Iguazu, Misiones 25°37'19.82"S 6,4 Pagano & (Ruta Nacional 12, Km 5) 54°33'7.64"W Bodrati (2011) 11 October - 4 Paraguay Dpto. Canindeyú (Resort and 24°28'S 128 Castillo & December 2001; Private Reserve Itabó Rivas) 54°36'W Clay (2004) 20 February 2002; 21 April 2002 12 August 2011 Brazil Amambaí, Mato Grosso do Sul 23°6'33.80"S 314 Mauricio (Campanário Farm) 55°13'31.52"W Neves Godoi (pers. comm.) 07 August 2007 Brazil Rio Brilhante, Mato Grosso do 21°42'04.15"S 434 Godoi et al. Sul (LDC Rio Brilhante Mill) 54°31'13.94"W (2011) Castillo, H. del & Clay, R. P. 2004. Lista comentada de las aves del ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Paraguay. Asunción: Asociación Guyra Paraguay. Godoi, M.N.; Capek, M.; Pivatto, M.A.C.; Literak, I. & Kokes, J. We are very grateful to “Parque das Aves” for the 2011. Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata in Mato Grosso do Sul, opportunity to conduct this study. We thank Maurício Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia,19(3) 428-433. Lowen, J. C.; Clay, R. P.; Barnett, J. M.; Madronõ, A.; Pearman, Neves Godoi for making available his record from M.; Lanús, B. L.; Tobias, J. O.; Liley, D. C.; Brooks, T. M.; Amambaí, Mato Grosso do Sul. Pedro Scherer-Neto, Esquivel, E. Z. & Reid, J. M. 1997. New and noteworthy Mathias Dislich and Vinícius Abilhoa helped with the observations on the Paraguayan avifauna. Bulletin of the British revision of the English version of this manuscript. Fernando Ornithologists’ Club, 117:275-293. Costa Straube kindly provided help with bibliographies, Mobley, J. & de Juana, E. 2014. Masked Tityra (Tityra semifasciata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, while Leandro S. Castillo warned us about the possible DA & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2014). Handbook of the Birds of the occurrence of the Masked Tityra in Foz do Iguaçu. World Alive. LYNX Edicions, Barcelona. (Retrieved from http:// www.hbw.com/node/57530 on 30 July 2014). Pagano, L.G. & Bodrati, A. 2011. El Tueré Enmascarado (Tityra REFERENCES semifasciata) coloniza Misiones, Argentina. Nuestras Aves, 56:33-34. Bodrati, A.; Roesler, I.; Areta, J. I.; Pagano, L. G.; Jordan, E. A. & Juhant, M. 2008. Tres espécies del género Tityra en Argentina. Hornero, 23(1):45-49. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(4), 2014 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Ornithology Research Springer Journals

First records of Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata (Spix, 1825) for the state of Paraná, southern Brazil

Ornithology Research , Volume 22 (4) – Dec 1, 2014

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Springer Journals
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Copyright © Sociedade Brasileira de Ornitologia 2014
eISSN
2178-7875
DOI
10.1007/bf03544278
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Abstract

Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(4), 416-418 SHORTCOMMUNICATION December 2014 First records of Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata (Spix, 1825) for the state of Paraná, southern Brazil 1,4 2,3 Fabiane Girardi and Eduardo Carrano Parque das Aves, Rodovia das Cataratas, 12.450, CEP 85855-750, Foz do Iguaçu, PR, Brazil. Professor do Curso de Ciências Biológicas, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Rua Imaculada Conceição, 1155, CEP 80215-901, Curitiba, PR, Brazil. CBRO, Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos. Corresponding author: girardi.fs@gmail.com Received on 27 October 2014. Accepted on 8 November 2014. ABSTRACT: We report the first records of the Masked Tityra (Tityra semifasciata) for the state of Paraná, in the city of Foz do Iguaçu, between July and September 2014. These records extend the known distribution range of the species and establish a new southern limit for its geographic distribution within Brazil. Although the species occur in nearby regions, it had never been recorded before in southern Brazil, possibly due to confusion with the congeneric Black-tailed Tityra (Tityra cayana). KEYWORDS: Distribution, Foz do Iguaçu, range extension, Tityridae. The Masked Tityra (Tityra semifasciata) is one of the three Area (APP) in “Parque das Aves”, Foz do Iguaçu, species of the genus occurring in Brazil; it has 20-24 cm (25°37'9.12"S / 54°29'18.09"W). The total area of the and weighs between 77 and 88 g (Mobley & de Juana property is 16 ha, with eight hectares devoted to the 2014), inhabiting humid to semi-arid forest canopy and area of the zoo, and the rest covered by semideciduous crown of taller trees along forest edges, woodland, palm secondary forest at different successional stages. The stands, second growth, relatively open areas from forest property is located only 400 m from the Iguaçu National clearings to savanna with scattered trees, and plantations Park in Brazil and 300 m from the Iguazu National Park (Mobley & de Juana 2014). in Argentina). The species is distributed in Mexico, Belize, On 25 July 2014, a female Masked Tityra was Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa recorded and photographed (Figure 1), with a mixed- Rica, Panama, French Guiana, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, species flock together with Black-crowned Tityra Bolivia, Brazil (primarily S of Amazon in C & S Amazonas (Tityra inquisitor), Three-striped Flycatcher (Conopias E to Pará, Amapá and N Maranhão, S to Acre, Rondônia, trivirgatus), Tropical Parula (Setophaga pitiayumi), Blue S Mato Grosso and N Goiás) (Mobley & de Juana 2014). Dacnis (Dacnis cayana), Guira Tanager (Hemithraupis In Brazil, the southernmost records obtained so far come guira), and Violaceous Euphonia (Euphonia violacea). The from Mato Grosso do Sul State, between 2006 and 2010 mixed-species flock was in the canopy about 20m high. (Godoi et al. 2011). The Three-striped Flycatcher (C. trivirgatus) and Black- In Paraguay, the Masked Tityra was recorded for the crowned Tityra (T. inquisitor) were vocalizing intensely, first time in 1995, at the Forest Nature Reserve Mbaracayú and probably acted as sentries of the flock. The observation (Lowen et al. 1997), while in the Argentina the first record lasted about seven minutes (16:55 to 17:02), allowing took place in 2008, at Iguazu National Park, Misiones detailed observation and obtaining various photographs (Bodrati et al. 2008). In 2010 five additional records of that enabled confirmation of the species identification. T. semifasciata were obtained in Misiones, showing the The mixed-species flock was moving towards the Iguaçu recent expansion of home range in Argentina (Pagano & River and Iguazu National Park, Misiones, Argentina. Bodrati 2011). Between 23 and 29 September of 2014 a male and The first record for the state of Paraná in Brazil a female Masked Tityra were recorded and photographed occurred during banding and monitoring birds activities (Figure 2) resting on a guatambu tree (Balfourodendron conducted by the authors at the Permanent Preservation riedelianum) in front of the restaurant at “Parque das Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(4), 2014 First records of Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata (Spix, 1825) for the state of Paraná, southern Brazil Fabiane Girardi and Eduardo Carrano Aves”. During these days the pair remained in this tree, (Ramphastos dicolorus), Plush-crested Jay (Cyanocorax being seen for long periods and attacking other bird chrysops), Bat Falcon (Falco rufigularis) and Red-rumped species that landed nearby, such as Red-breasted Toucan Cacique (Cacicus haemorrhous). FIGURE 1. A female of Masked Tityra photografed at “Parque das Aves”, Foz do Iguaçu, state of Paraná on 25 July 2014. FIGURE 2. A male (left), and female (right) Masked Tityra photographed between 23 and 29 September 2014, at “Parque das Aves”, Foz do Iguaçu, state of Paraná. In the interval between these records (15 August and Argentina), but one possibility is that prior to these 2014), the authors and Leandro Castillo, recorded records it had been confused with the similar looking a female Masked Tityra at Puerto Iguazu, Misiones, and more abundant Black-tailed Tityra, as suggested by Argentina (25°36'22.3"S / 54°32'53.9"W), only ca. 6 km Bodrati et al. (2008). from the first Paraná record. We recommend therefore that observers in In Brazil, the nearest place from where the species southern Brazil be attentive to the diagnostic features was recorded is Campanário Farm (22°51'22.74"S / of the Masked Tityra, since future records of this 54°59'10.02"W), at Amambaí, Mato Grosso do Sul species could potentially be obtained at additional (Mauricio Neves Godoi pers. comm.), ca. 314 km from localities covered with seasonal semideciduous forests our Paraná record. In Paraguay, the nearest record is 128 in Paraná as well as Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do km, while in Argentina, only 6,4 km (Table 1). Sul. With the accumulation of additional records, the It is not easy to explain the increased number causes of the reported range extension of the Masked of records obtained recently for the Masked Tityra in Tityra in southern South America could perhaps be southern South America (southern Brazil, Paraguay, elucidated. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(4), 2014 First records of Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata (Spix, 1825) for the state of Paraná, southern Brazil Fabiane Girardi and Eduardo Carrano TABLE 1. The shortest distances between records of Masked Tityra in Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil, and the first record for the state of Paraná. Geographic Distance Date Country City/ State Reference Coordinates (Km) 15 August 2014 Argentina Puerto Iguazu, Misiones 25°36'22.30"S 6,1 F.Girardi; E. (Selva Iryapu) 54°32'53.90"W Carrano & L. Castillo (pers. obs.) 29 August 2010 Argentina Puerto Iguazu, Misiones 25°37'19.82"S 6,4 Pagano & (Ruta Nacional 12, Km 5) 54°33'7.64"W Bodrati (2011) 11 October - 4 Paraguay Dpto. Canindeyú (Resort and 24°28'S 128 Castillo & December 2001; Private Reserve Itabó Rivas) 54°36'W Clay (2004) 20 February 2002; 21 April 2002 12 August 2011 Brazil Amambaí, Mato Grosso do Sul 23°6'33.80"S 314 Mauricio (Campanário Farm) 55°13'31.52"W Neves Godoi (pers. comm.) 07 August 2007 Brazil Rio Brilhante, Mato Grosso do 21°42'04.15"S 434 Godoi et al. Sul (LDC Rio Brilhante Mill) 54°31'13.94"W (2011) Castillo, H. del & Clay, R. P. 2004. Lista comentada de las aves del ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Paraguay. Asunción: Asociación Guyra Paraguay. Godoi, M.N.; Capek, M.; Pivatto, M.A.C.; Literak, I. & Kokes, J. We are very grateful to “Parque das Aves” for the 2011. Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata in Mato Grosso do Sul, opportunity to conduct this study. We thank Maurício Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia,19(3) 428-433. Lowen, J. C.; Clay, R. P.; Barnett, J. M.; Madronõ, A.; Pearman, Neves Godoi for making available his record from M.; Lanús, B. L.; Tobias, J. O.; Liley, D. C.; Brooks, T. M.; Amambaí, Mato Grosso do Sul. Pedro Scherer-Neto, Esquivel, E. Z. & Reid, J. M. 1997. New and noteworthy Mathias Dislich and Vinícius Abilhoa helped with the observations on the Paraguayan avifauna. Bulletin of the British revision of the English version of this manuscript. Fernando Ornithologists’ Club, 117:275-293. Costa Straube kindly provided help with bibliographies, Mobley, J. & de Juana, E. 2014. Masked Tityra (Tityra semifasciata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, while Leandro S. Castillo warned us about the possible DA & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2014). Handbook of the Birds of the occurrence of the Masked Tityra in Foz do Iguaçu. World Alive. LYNX Edicions, Barcelona. (Retrieved from http:// www.hbw.com/node/57530 on 30 July 2014). Pagano, L.G. & Bodrati, A. 2011. El Tueré Enmascarado (Tityra REFERENCES semifasciata) coloniza Misiones, Argentina. Nuestras Aves, 56:33-34. Bodrati, A.; Roesler, I.; Areta, J. I.; Pagano, L. G.; Jordan, E. A. & Juhant, M. 2008. Tres espécies del género Tityra en Argentina. Hornero, 23(1):45-49. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(4), 2014

Journal

Ornithology ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 1, 2014

Keywords: Distribution; Foz do Iguaçu; range extension; Tityridae

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